Adolf Hitler: Latest discoveries and interviews with his aides and secretaries.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: Belongings of Hitler, Hitler Movies, Hitler Photos, Assassination attempts on hitler, Hitler Family, Mein Kampf, Eva Braun, Hitler's Birthday, Berghof: Eagles Nest', Hitler: Aides, Adjutants..., Hitler' Health.
Hitler only joined Nazi Party after another far-right group rejected him
Hitler only decided to join the Nazi party after being snubbed by another far-right party, a historian has discovered. Thomas Weber said if Hitler had not been rejected from the newly established German Socialist party, it is unlikely there would have been a world war. Weber, who has been researching the Nazi leader for more than ten years, unearthed an unpublished document which reveals that the German Socialist party told Hitler in 1919 that they did not want him in their party or to write for their paper.
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Hitler joined Nazis only after another far-right group shunned him
Hitler only joined the Nazis after being rejected by another political party, a historian has learned. Thomas Weber unearthed a previously unpublished document that reveals that in 1919 the newly formed German Socialist party shunned Hitler, telling him that it did not want him in the party or writing for its paper. Weber said that history would have taken a different path if his membership had been accepted. Although also far-right, the German Socialist party was at the time bigger and more successful than the Nazi party. Hitler might have settled for a more minor role and would therefore `have been unlikely to ever come to power`, Weber added.
Who Was Hitler: New documentary lets people who knew him speak
Endless books, films and TV series have traced the life of Hitler. But filmmaker Hermann Pölking shines a new spotlight on the dictator via the frank testimony of Hitler`s contemporaries. Here`s what some said. "All his relatives considered him to be a no-hoper who shied away from all hard work," said boyhood friend August Kubizek of Adolf Hitler. "He was the darling of his mother and adored her the same," commented Hitler`s Jewish family doctor. "If Adolf wanted something, he got it - mostly at the expense of others," noted sister Paula Wolf.
Hitler lived in a house that belonged to a Jewish landlord for a decade. Landlord: I was quite sympathetic to Hitler
A German historian has claimed that Adolf Hitler lived for almost a decade in a house that belonged to a Jewish merchant. Paul Hoser says Hitler lived at Thierschstrasse 41 in Munich`s Lehel district from 1920 till 1929, interrupted by a year spent at Landsberg prison for staging a failed coup in Bavaria. Writing in the quarterly VfZ, Hoser says house was bought in 1921 by Hugo Erlanger. According to the research, Hitler treated his Jewish landlord `with courtesy`. Hoser - who has written a book entitled Thierschstrasse 41: the Lodger Hitler, His Jewish Landlord and a Restitution Problem - reveals how Erlanger told Hitler`s 1934 biographer: `I must admit that I was quite sympathetic to Hitler.
JFK called Hitler the stuff of legends: Secret diary reveals future president`s fascination with Nazi dictator
John F. Kennedy referred to Hitler as having `the stuff of which legends are made` in a diary entry written after visiting Germany in 1945. Kennedy traveled to Hitler`s bomb-ravaged Bavarian Berghof residence and Eagle`s Nest mountain retreat during a tour of Germany while serving as a war correspondent for Hearst newspapers. And now excerpts from the diary, which were revealed by People Magazine, have shed light on just how the man who would become president thought about the Nazi leader. `You can easily understand how that within a few years Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived,` Kennedy wrote.
Adolf Hitler was true author of 1923 book hailing him, author says
In the early autumn of 1923, when Adolf Hitler was still mostly known for his speeches at Munich beer halls, a slim biography was published that lauded him as the saviour of the German nation and even compared him to Jesus.The book, Adolf Hitler: His Life and His Speeches, was credited to Baron Adolf Victor von Koerber, a German aristocrat and war hero. Scholars have said that Hitler sought von Koerber out for the biography because he needed a conservative figure without links to the Nazi Party to help legitimise him as a leader. However, new research says Hitler penned the work himself.
Edgar Feuchtwanger, a Jew, lived next door to Hitler for nine years
A Jewish man and one-time neighbor of Hitler has revealed what it was like to live next door to the German dictator for nine years during his rise to power. Edgar Feuchtwanger`s story is made the more improbable by the fact that his uncle, Lion Feuchtwanger, was a novelist and `personal enemy` of Hitler at the time. In an interview with CNN, Feuchtwanger described his time in Nazi Germany as a child, and how despite his father`s detention at a concentration camp post- Kristallnacht, his family were able to flee to the safety of England, where they remained.
Austrian historian claims parish records show Adolf Hitler had a disabled younger brother
Adolf Hitler had a disabled younger brother named Otto, an Austrian historian has claimed. It had been thought Adolf Hitler, born in Branau am Inn in April 1889, was his parents` fourth child after Gustav, Ida and Otto, who all died in infancy. But Florian Kotanko, the chairman of the Branau historical association, now claims parish records show Otto was born in June 1892, having lived just seven days. Kotanko said this discovery might mean the then three-year-old Adolf was aware of his mother`s pregnancy and his disabled brother.
A born natural orator: Irish student`s account of Hitler in 1921 emerges
Diary entries by Daniel Binchy – future Irish ambassador to Germany – provide early account of Nazi leader`s rhetorical skills.
Hitler: The Ascent (1889-1939) by Volker Ullrich, review
"Education is irrelevant,` gushed Martin Heidegger in 1933, when the philosopher Karl Jaspers asked him whether a man as uneducated as Hitler could rule Germany. `Just look at those lovely hands!` It is Volker Ullrich`s eye for quotation that makes his biography of Hitler, so readable and compelling. Heidegger sounds as foolishly bewitched as Unity Mitford. In this first of two planned volumes, ending in March 1939 with the taking of Prague, we learn that Hitler`s hands were actually not `lovely`, but eerily languid. `I am the greatest actor in Europe,` Hitler once bragged. We`ve become familiar with the actor`s masks. What – if anything – lay behind them? What did Hitler care about, beyond power? Was he capable of love? What were the origins of his irrational and unappeasable hatreds?
Alfred Rosenberg, the evil mastermind who more than anyone shaped Hitler`s thinking
In this prologue to The Devil`s Diary, we meet Alfred Rosenberg, the evil mastermind who shaped Hitler`s thinking. Rosenberg`s fingerprints would be found on more than a few of Nazi Germany`s most notorious crimes. He orchestrated the theft of artwork, archives, and libraries from Paris to Krakow to Kiev — the loot that the Allies` Monuments Men would track down in Germany`s castles and salt mines. In 1920, he planted the idea in Hitler`s mind that a global Jewish conspiracy was behind the communist revolution in the Soviet Union, and he repeated the claim over and over.
1924: The Year That Made Hitler - The Failed Coup That Led To Hitler`s `Mein Kampf`
Years before he led the Nazis into WWII, Adolf Hitler staged a coup and spent several months in prison. Though his attempt to overthrow the government was unsuccessful, his trial and time behind bars would be pivotal. Peter Ross Range, the author of 1924: The Year That Made Hitler, tells that Hitler`s public trial for the so-called "Beer Hall Putsch" was a confidence-builder that allowed him to sharpen the speaking skills that would help him win the German chancellorship 9 years later. Though sentenced to 5 years in prison for the coup, Hitler wound up serving less than one year. During that time "Hitler went into a period of reflection, and building his willpower and self-confidence, or self-belief, and he came out of it in many ways a new man."
Hitler received special treatment while in Landsberg Prison: Lot of visitors and beer
Hitler enjoyed special treatment during his time at Landsberg prison in Germany while serving a sentence for leading an unsuccessful coup. The Nazi Party attempted to seize power after the Beer Hall Putsch of 1923, where Hitler and his followers took to the streets in Munich. While imprisoned, Hitler wrote much of the first volume of his book `Mein Kampf` - My Struggle - and received a stream of visitors — 330 to be precise, according to Peter Fleischmann, a German historian. Even though Hitler described himself as a `complete anti-alcoholic (teetotaler)` he purchased 62 half-litre bottles of beer in July 1924 — and similar amounts the following months.
Long lost medical records prove: Hitler really did have only one ball
Long-lost medical documents from Hitler`s examination by a prison doctor when he was jailed after the failed Munich beer hall putsch reveal he had an undescended testicle, confirming the old song. Now German historian Professor Peter Fleischmann claims to have discovered incontrovertible proof, in the form of medical records.
The American Papers that Praised the job-creating Hitler
They fell hard for the job-creating Führer with eyes that were like ‘blue larkspur.` Why did so many journalists spend years dismissing the evidence of his atrocities? "The train arrived punctually,` a Christian Science Monitor report from Germany informed its readers, not long after Adolf Hitler`s rise to power in 1933. `Traffic was well regulated` in the new Germany, and policemen in `smart blue uniforms` kept order. `I have so far found quietness, order, and civility`; there was `not the slightest sign of anything unusual afoot.` As for all those `harrowing stories` of Jews being mistreated—they seemed to apply `only to a small proportion`; most were `not in any way molested.` Overall, the Monitor`s dispatch declared, the Hitler regime was providing `a dark land a clear light of hope.`
New biography: Nazi leader`s political acumen underestimated and belief in his hypnotic grip overestimated
A new biography of Hitler by a prominent German historian is likely to stir controversy with its argument that the Nazi leader`s political acumen has been underestimated and that the belief in his hypnotic grip over Germans is inflated. Peter Longerich`s "Hitler", to be published on Monday, is a 1,295-page tome that includes material from the diaries of Nazi propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels and early Hitler speeches. "Overall, you have a picture of a dictator who controlled much more, who was more closely involved in individual decisions than previously thought. I wanted to put Hitler as a person back in the centre," Longerich told Reuters in an interview.
Hitler at home: How PR made the Fuehrer more likeable
Although he is one of history`s most infamous figure, Adolf Hitler is not someone with who the word "celebrity" can be easily associated. Yet a PR campaign, which was accepted by the international media, meant that even as late as 1939, lifestyle pieces portrayed him as a likable chap who had a refined and cozy home life and took care of his garden. Even The New York Times presented him as a country gent who played catch with his dogs and took after-dinner strolls around his mountain estate. University at Buffalo historian Despina Stratigakos describes, in a new book entitled Hitler at Home, how those who worked closely with him managed to change his image from one of an oddball loner to that of an admirable gentleman.
American dossier shows Hitler took 74 different drugs, but debunks claim that he lost a testicle in battle
Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was addicted to crystal meth, a released American Military Intelligence dossier shows. The 47-page document reveals that Hitler, often described as a lifelong hypochondriac, took 74 different medications including crystal meth – believed to be a remedy for fatigue at the time. The report claims that the Fuhrer took the drug before meeting with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in the summer of 1943, when he "he ranted non-stop for two hours." He also reportedly received nine injections of the drug during his final days in a Berlin bunker. The American dossier was based on Hitler`s medical records and interviews with doctors who treated him, including his personal physician Dr. Theodor Morell.
Fuhrer claimed that he was a man of modest means - but he was amassing billions in property, art, and cash
The Fuhrer claimed in his will that he was a man of modest means—but he was amassing billions in property, art, and cash. After WWII, when Adolf Hitler was officially declared dead, the Allied Forces concluded that his estate was pretty modest by dictatorial standards—worth $800,000 in today`s money. He had always claimed to have no interest in money, and in his will, declared: `What I own belongs, as so far as it is of any value at all, to the party.` The truth could hardly have been more different; it is now claimed that he had amassed a personal fortune in property, art and cash worth in excess of $6 billion.
Hitler`s secret millions: Nazi leader dodged £1.75m in tax and charged a royalty for his image to be used on stamps
Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler squirrelled away a massive fortune using cash he had `arned from his image rights and personal appearances as well as his refusal to pay £1.75 million in income tax. The Fuhrer even levied a royalty on German stamps featuring his image, with the cash hidden in his secret bank accounts. Herman Rothman, a German Jew who operated with British intelligence during the Second World War, has told for the first time how he discovered Hitler`s secret will which left intriguing clues to his secret wealth. The former intelligence officer provided an insight to documentary makers behind Channel 5`s The Hunt For Hitler`s Missing Millions.
X-Ray of Hitler`s skull sold at Auction for $1500
An x-ray of Adolf Hitler`s skull was put up for auction, starting at just $100. The maximum bid was expected to be $200-300. However, after 41 bids, the winner walked away from the auction having paid almost triple the estimate, $1500.
The unresolved death of Geli Raubal, Hitler`s half-niece and romantic obsession, is a murky footnotes of the Führer`s early career
The unresolved and hastily covered-up death in 1931 of Geli Raubal, Hitler`s half-niece and romantic obsession, has long been relegated to the murky footnotes of the Führer`s early career in the demimonde of Munich. And calls for a new investigation are stirring up another Austrian crisis of conscience.
1,100-page biography reveals how Hitler was living large from the earliest days
The luxury life of Adolf Hitler is laid bare in a new biography that destroys the myth of his frugal `man of the people` facade that he constructed. Acclaimed historian Volker Ullrich`s 1,100-page work entitled simply Adolf Hitler accessed archives across Germany to find the paper trail testifying to his love of fine clothes, fast cars and expensive hotels. "The bills are all there. He was living large from the earliest days." In the Federal Archive of the German government in Berlin-Lichterfelde Ullrich discovered a pile of bills totalling tens of thousands of pounds at today`s conversion rates for suites, champagne and expensive meals for Hitler and his cronies at the elite Rheinhotel Dreesen at Bonn.
British military chiefs: Hitler was more use alive than dead because of the blunders he was making
British military chiefs thought Hitler was more use alive than dead in the later stages of the Second World War because of the `blunders` he was making. In one telling letter to the PM`s office, General Hastings Ismay, the head of the War Cabinet Secretariat, wrote: `The chiefs of staff were unanimous that from the strictly military point of view, it was almost an advantage that Hitler should remain in control of German strategy having regard to the blunders that he has made but that on the wider point the sooner he was got out of the way the better.`
Video interviews from 1948 of Hitler`s aides and secretaries re-discovered
Remarkable interviews with the circle of confidantes who surrounded Hitler in the days before his suicide have been shown for the first time on German TV. The group of aides, secretaries and friends -- including Traudl Junge, August Wollenhaupt, Nicholas von Below, Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven, Arthur Kannenberg -- described life in the squalid bunker retreat beneath the Reich Chancellery in Berlin as Russian troops moved in. They revealed intimate domestic details of Hitler`s favourite tea, the love letters from his admirers and the love song that he and Eva Braun, the woman he married in the underground hide, listened to over and over again.
Hitler`s food taster Margot Wölk lived in constant fear
It might have been something as simple as a portion of white asparagus. Peeled, steamed and served with a delicious sauce. And with real butter, a scarcity in wartime. While the rest of the country had to spread margarine diluted with flour on their bread, Margot Wölk could have savored the expensive vegetable dish - if not for the fear of dying, that is. Wölk was one of 15 young women who were forced to taste Nazi leader Adolf Hitler`s food for some two and a half years. Interestingly Wölk, a young woman who had refused to join the League of German Girls (BDM), the girl`s version of Hitler Youth, and whose father had been hauled off for refusing to join the Nazi party, became Hitler`s helper.
Book review: Adolf Hitler: The Curious and Macabre Anecdotes by Patrick Delaforce
Airbrush the uniforms and the three men posing in front of the Eiffel Tower could be tourists enjoying one of the iconic Parisian landmarks. The bizarre snapshot of a smiling, triumphal Adolf Hitler and his cohorts is just one of over 300 images in Patrick Delaforce`s anecdotal book which charts a journey through the German leader`s life from birth to bunker, from ordinary young man to callous dictator. Using bite-size nuggets of information gleaned from Hitler`s own writings, speeches, conversations, poetry and art, from the accounts of those who knew him, loved or loathed him, and even from his underwhelming school reports, Delaforce paints a compelling portrait of the man, his life, his career and his beliefs.
Hitler in 1945: German people should perish
The recently published diaries of British M15 Deputy Director Guy Liddell, reveal interesting but already previously known information on Hitler`s final days, as they was documented in a Joint Intelligence Committee paper. According to the diaries, on April 22, 1945, during an assembly in his bunker, Hitler surprised his generals and SS boss Heinrich Himmler, with an alarming speech. "Everyone has lied to me, everyone has deceived me... the SS has left me in the lurch. The German people have not fought heroically. It deserves to perish... it is not I who have lost the war, but the German people."
Letters to Hitler, found in Russian archive, show how ordinary Germans idolized Fuehrer
Letters written by ordinary Germans to Hitler have been discovered in a Russian archive. The correspondence, which will surprise many with their critical tone, begins in 1924 and goes right through to the Führer`s last days as he cowered in a Berlin bunker in 1945. The documents have now been translated into English ("Letter To Hitler") and they reveal a side of the Nazis that is rarely considered. The letters also show how unpopular the Second World War became among the masses. Hitler`s office even received, and replied to, letters from Jews complaining about Nazi Party`s increasingly anti-Semitic stance.
Hitler received sex injections, craved cocaine reveals a secret psychological report
A secret intelligence report that has lain unread since WWII tells how Hitler showed signs of a "messiah complex" and grew more and more paranoid as defeat loomed. The document, written by Cambridge academic Joseph MacCurdy, was drawn up for British secret services in April 1942. Written just as the conflict was starting to turn against Hitler, it shows British analysts had noticed developing paranoia in his speeches. The document was found among a collection of papers belonging to the family of Mark Abrams, a social scientist who worked with the BBC`s overseas propaganda analysis unit and the psychological warfare board during the war.
WW1 postcard shows Hitler wanted return to frontlines after being injured
The newly uncovered postcard was written by Hitler as he recovered from a war wound in a Munich hospital in 1916. The postcard surfaced at a family history roadshow almost a century after being sent by the future dictator to his comrade Karl Lanzhammer. It shows that Hitler was keen to return to the front line after being injured in the Battle of the Somme. From his hospital bed in Munich Hitler wrote of his intention to "report voluntarily for the field immediately". Dr Thomas Weber said: "What`s clear is Hitler desperately wants to return to the front and that`s rather unusual, even for soldiers who were generally willing to fight in the war and thought Germany`s cause was a just one."
Hitler: A Short Biography by A. N. Wilson (book review)
There are at least 700 biographies of Hitler. Wilson answers the question "Why do we need another one?" by producing the opposite of Ian Kershaw`s exhaustive biography. Wilson emphasises Hitler`s un-Germanic laziness. The author of Mein Kampf never struggled. He ended up in doss houses because his sense of entitlement did not allow him to get out of bed in the mornings and go to work. However, even the diaries of anti-Nazis record that Germans were happy that Hitler had come to power and found work for the unemployed. "Happy" was not a word anyone associated with Stalin`s Soviet Union.
Claims emerge, once again despite of lot of evidence proving otherwise, that Fuhrer had a son with Frenchwoman
They share the same piercing gaze, defined jawline and stern mouth set off with a clipped moustache. But the Frenchman who believed he was the son of Adolf Hitler was never able to prove his family line before he died. Now new information has emerged that adds weight to Jean-Marie Loret`s claim to have been Hitler`s son from a relationship with a French woman called Charlotte Lobjoie during the First World War. EDITOR`S NOTE: Alice Lobjoie, Loret`s aunt and Charlotte`s sister, stated that Charlotte never had a relationship with Hitler, and a genetic certification of his biological inheritance, by the University of Heidelberg, resulted in the findings that "at best, Loret could be Hitler`s son", but that he need not be such.
Mental disorder known as "hysterical blindness" - not British mustard gas attack - blinded Hitler during the First World War
Hitler claimed to have been blinded by a British mustard gas attack as a heroic WW1 soldier. Now research has revealed that his temporary loss of sight was caused by a mental disorder known as "hysterical blindness". Historian Dr Thomas Weber has uncovered a series of unpublished letters between two American neurologists from 1943, which show that German neurosurgeon Otfried Foerster had inspected Hitler`s medical file and found that he had been treated for hysterical amblyopia, a psychiatric disorder that can make sufferers lose their sight. The discovery is interesting since Hitler`s medical file, which was located at the Pasewalk military hospital, was destroyed.
Hitler tried to get out of speeding fine by claiming the driver was his lookalike chauffeur Julius Schreck
As speeding tickets go it was just one of thousands handed out in the 1930`s as the autobahns opened Germany up to the common man. But the man who received it was no ordinary motorist. He was Adolf Hitler, booked for going too fast in his supercharged Mercedes limousine. Hitler`s long lost speeding summons has been found in a Bavarian archive. He was handed the fine in the tiny hamlet of Baar-Ebenhausen on September 19, 1931. There was, however, another document in the archive with the word `settled` stamped on it relating to the incident. Hitler said he was not at the wheel at the time but that it was being driven by his lookalike chauffeur Julius Schreck.
Jewish lawyer Hans Litten pressed Hitler hard when he was in the witness stand
In the Berlin courtroom, Adolf Hitler`s face burned a deep, furious red. The future dictator was not accustomed to this kind of scrutiny. But here he was, being interrogated about the violence of his paramilitary SA thugs by a young man who represented everything he despised - a radical, principled, intelligent Jewish lawyer called Hans Litten. The Nazi leader was floundering in the witness stand. And when Litten asked why his party published an incitement to overthrow the state, Hitler lost his composure altogether. "That is a statement that can be proved by nothing!" he shouted.
Hitler`s first antisemitic writing - a 1919 document - bought by Holocaust organisation for £100,000
The first known document in which Adolf Hitler wrote about the "irrevocable removal" of Jews has been bought by the LA Holocaust museum for £100,000 and will go on display at the Museum of Tolerance. The 1919 paper, known as the "Gemlich Letter" was sent to Adolf Gemlich who was in charge of the post-WWI German army. Writing about the "Jewish Question" Hitler describes Jews as being "like a racial tuberculosis" and that there needs to be an "elimination of the privileges of the Jews" and calls for an "Aliens Law. The ultimate objective of such legislation must, however, be the irrevocable removal of the Jews in general."
Hitler`s letter, in which he asks for time off from his job in the state of Brunswick to fight for presidency in 1932, for sale
A letter by Adolf Hitler asking for time off from his administrative job in the state of Brunswick to fight for the German presidency in 1932 is for sale. Hitler wrote the letter, which includes spelling mistakes, on 1 March 1932, just days after becoming a German citizen. He was able to stand against the Paul von Hindenburg. The letter states: "I hereby request leave of absence to the end of the time for the selection of the next President of the Reich, Yours Faithfully, Adolf Hitler."
Nice summary of Hitler`s First War and lengthy interview with its author Thomas Weber
We have talked about the book "Hitler`s First War" couple of times before, but this excellent article includes both a nice summary of Hitler`s First World War service and a lengthy interview with its author historian Thomas Weber.
Hitler`s female secretaries, and what they thought of the Nazi Dictator
Official Nazi-era footage usually depicts Hitler as a man yelling his speeches, but he had other, even funny, sides too, as memoirs by his long-time secretary Christa Schroeder reveal: "In the initial stages of the Russian campaign I found that Hitler was nearly always good-tempered and ready for a joke. One night after the usual tea hour at Wolfsschanze ended Hitler accompanied us to outside the bunker doors. Suddenly I realized that I had left my flashlight in Hitler`s room, and asked the manservant to fetch it. He returned empty-handed. `Where could it be then?` I said. Hitler, in jovial frame of mind, defended himself with a smile: `I have not stolen it. I may be a thief of lands, but not of lamps. And it is better that way, for they hang you for the little item, but for the bigger on they let you go!`"
And it was not always easy to be Hitler, as Traudl Junge`s recollections show: "I asked Hitler why he only ever went to hear Die Meistersinger or other Wagnerian operas. [Hitler answered:] `It is just my luck that I can never say I like something without finding that I`m stuck listening exclusively to one piece of music or hearing one particular opera. I once said that Meistersinger is really one of Richard Wagner`s finest operas, so since then it is supposed to be my favourite opera and I do not get to hear anything else.`"
RAF documents reveal that Hitler`s personal pilot Hans Baur considered hijacking Führer to England
A very strange WWII tale has emerged from RAF documents kept at the National Archives in Kew. In 1941, a man named Kiroff walked into the British Military Attaché`s office in the Bulgarian capital, Sofia, and claimed his brother-in-law, Hitler`s personal pilot Hans Baur, was planning to defect in Hitler`s plane, with the Führer on board. The RAF prepared the aerodrome in Lympne in Kent for the event, but the date, 25 March 1941, passed without a coup. Oddly enough, few weeks later Rudolf Hess did flew to the Britain.
Hitler loses honorary citizenship of German town Dülmen, may still have thousands honorary citizenships
Dülmen town council has removed honorary citizenship from Hitler after years of consideration and 2 failed attempts to push the motion through. The Führer was granted honorary status in 1933, when city officials – led by the local Nazi party leader, Julius Bielefeld – granted the title on him. Historians say 4,000 German towns and cities awarded similar titles to Hitler and other Nazi leaders.
Hitler`s First War: Adolf Hitler, the Men of the List Regiment, and the First World War by Thomas Weber
How did the timid young Hitler turned into the fascist demagogue of 1922? There is no simple answer, but "Hitler`s First War" debunks some of the usual answers. Hitler biographers have long assumed that World War I was a turning point, and now Thomas Weber has discovered the missing documents of Hitler`s WW1 service. These files - which disprove Hitler`s own account - reveal that: Regimental runner`s job was not so dangerous, officers had to hand out certain number of Iron Crosses, Hitler lived in comfort at the HQ away from the front lines, later his old comrades supported the Weimar Republic - not the Nazi Party.
SS man Schuetze Obernigg told British intelligence Hitler`s daily routine in Berghof
The British National Archives have released a previously classified account of Hitler`s daily routine at his Berghof residence in 1943-1944, provided by an Austrian SS deserter named Schuetze Obernigg. "Hitler cannot bear to feel himself watched ... guards were instructed to keep him in sight but to remain unobserved themselves. He is mild on personal contact but apt to bang tables and shout during conferences." Hitler favored waking up at 10 a.m., breakfasted on coffee, bread and marmalade, and saw visitors in the afternoon. The Führer worked until late in the night and went to sleep as late as 4 a.m.
DNA tests reveal Hitler descended from Jews and African Berbers
Führer descended from Jews and Blacks, DNA tests reveal. Journalist Jean-Paul Mulders and historian Marc Vermeeren collected samples from 39 relatives of the Nazi leader, proving that he is biologically linked to the "sub-human" races he attempted to exterminate. Haplopgroup E1b1b (Y-DNA) chromosome in Hitler relatives is rare in Western Europe. It is most commonly found in the Berbers of Morocco, Algeria, Libya and Tunisia - as well as among Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews who originate from Morocco, Spain and Portugal. "Hitler would not have been pleased about this," said genetic specialist Ronny Decorte.
WW1 documents reveal Hitler was `a rear area pig` -- Hitler`s First War by Thomas Weber
Unpublished letters and a diary by veterans of Hitler`s WW1 regiment are among documents that bring down the long-held views on Hitler`s brave war record, revealing that frontline soldiers shunned him as a "rear area pig" located far away from danger. The papers also reveal that List Regiment men saw Hitler as an object of ridicule, joking about him starving in a canned food factory, unable to open a tin with a bayonet. He was considered by his regimental HQ comrades as a loner who was particularly submissive to his superiors. Professor Ian Kershaw praised Thomas Weber`s research for raising "interesting questions".
Irishman Michael Keogh saved Hitler from being kicked to death by a mob in 1919
In 1919, 20 years before the WWII horrors, Michael Keogh saved a demagogue who was being kicked to death by an angry mob. His name? Adolf Hitler. Keogh`s detailed memoirs disappeared from his deathbed in 1964. But now the rediscovered files, established as genuine by historians, reveal how he fought on both sides during WW1, met Hitler twice - and saved his life. Keogh joined the British army`s Royal Irish Regiment, which was shipped to France in 1914, only to be soon captured by the Germans. In 1916, he volunteered for Roger Casement`s Irish Brigade and when that project failed, he joined the German army.
New historical documents about Hitler`s time in Landsberg Prison for sale
New documents - bought at a Nuremberg flea market in the 1970s - show that Adolf Hitler wanted for nothing during his captivity at Landsberg Prison in 1924. He was able to hold court and maintain his contacts, like Erich Ludendorff. "He was always reasonable, frugal, modest and polite to everyone," warden Otto Leybold wrote, adding that he didn`t smoke or drink and "submitted willingly to all restrictions." The material, from the records office at Landsberg Prison, is to be sold at auction at the Behringer Auction House in Fürth. Intake book contains an entry:: Hitler, Adolf. April 1, 1924. Height: 1.75 meters (5`9"). Weight: 77 kilograms (169 lbs.).
Dear Uncle Adolf: Documentary film explores truckloads of fan letters sent to Hitler
"Dear Uncle Adolf" explores the fan letters Hitler got while in power. These notes, letters, and gifts - seized by the Soviets in 1945 - laid in Russian archives until they were discovered in 2007, forming the basis of a German book called "Letters to Hitler". Margarethe Wagner sent a pair of socks in 1938 after Hitler occupied the Sudetenland: "I knitted these for you as you freed us." Such women were under Gestapo monitoring as Hitler feared that his cult of personality could cause a disruption of home life. A special department in Munich and Berlin postal services dealt with the huge volume of fan letters sent to him every day.
Hitler`s chauffeur Erich Kempka: I had not expected Hitler to have such a degree of technical knowledge
Wearing his field-grey tunic, Adolf Hitler held a Berlin map in his right hand. His left trembled. It was April 29, 1945 and Soviet troops were closing in. "How do you see things, Kempka?" he asked. I told men were defending the Reich Chancellery, while awaiting our 12th Army... It was the last time I saw Hitler alive. --- In 1930 I became a driver for the Nazi leadership in Essen, joining Fuehrer`s staff 2 years later. I had been summoned to be interviewed by Hitler, along with 30 other men: "What types of vehicle have you driven? Do you know the 8-litre compressor motor?" --- I was Hitler`s chauffeur: The Memoir of Erich Kempka.
1924 spy file on young Adolf Hitler discovered in France
Secret French intelligence service documents on the young Adolf Hitler have been rediscovered. Isabelle Neuschwander, of the Archives Nationales, told that the 1924 report was found in a safe that contains the institutions` most important documents, like Napoleon Bonaparte`s last testament. The file refers to Hitler as "Adolphe Jacob," who was defined as a journalist due to activities at the NSDAP (Nazi Party) daily, the Völkischer Beobachter. Giving Hitler the incorrect name Jacob may have been due to a rumour that he had Jewish roots. The A4-size record refers to him as the "German Mussolini," adding that he "is not an idiot but... a very skillful demagogue."
Did Adolf Hitler had fillings made from gold torn from mouths of Jews
Book claims that Adolf Hitler had dental fillings made from gold torn from the mouths of Jews in concentration camps. The theory is based on a file that shows Hitler`s dentist had 11lbs of gold from the Naxi death camps at his use for the treatment of senior Nazis like Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring. Historian and co-author Henrik Eberle said dentist Hugo Blaschke had put 10 fillings in Hitler`s mouth in 1944. "The most likely place the gold came from is from the supply Blaschke had... Gold from other sources was very hard to find in Germany and that is why I believe that Hitler`s fillings came from Jewish victims of the Nazis."
The Fuehrer`s table manners revealed by a secret report (which is for sale)
Adolf Hitler`s table manners shocked his dining companions, reveals an intelligence report discovered during a house clearance in UK. The papers, marked "Must be destroyed within 48 hours of reading", include a psychological profile of the Nazi dictator based on the questioning of one of his aides (a lieutenant colonel referred to as PW). The aide, who kept the appointments diary at Wolf`s Lair, Hitler`s military HQs in East Prussia, described how the Führer bit his nails during meals, overate cakes and was often lost in his own thoughts in 1943. Hitler spoke "in mellow baritone, without that raucous, unpleasant stridency of his public speeches".
Listing Adolf Hitler`s meetings - thread at Axis History forum
This thread is for listing all possible meetings of Adolf Hitler - focusing on visits from and to Foreign politicians and other notable persons. --- Meeting: Hitler with Anthony Eden (as Lord Privy Seal) in Berlin (Reichskanzlei). Date 20.2.1934. -- Meeting: Hitler with Duke and Duchess of Windsor in Berghof. Date 22.10.1937. -- Meeting: Hitler with Sven Hedin (Swedish Explorer) in Berlin (Reichskanzlei). Date 16.10.1939. Primary Source: ADAP, D/8, Nr. 263. -- Meeting: Hitler with James D. Mooney (General Motors) in Berlin (Reichskanzlei). Date 4.3.1940. -- Meeting: Hitler with Gustaf Mannerheim (Marshal of Finland) in Immola (Finland). Date 4.6.1941.
List of books Adolf Hitler liked to read, and recommended to German generals
James Fennimore Cooper`s tales (Leatherstocking Tales, the Last of the Mohicans) of the American frontier charmed Hitler in his early days, before he found Karl May`s stories of the American West - which he recommended to his generals. --- In 1923 Hitler had piles of Henry Ford`s "The International Jew: The World`s Foremost Problem" on a table in the lobby his Munich office and a portrait of Ford on his wall. Hitler called Ford his "inspiration" and placed his book on a list of "Books that every National Socialist should read." --- Führer ranked Don Quixote, along with Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver`s Travels and Uncle Tom`s Cabin, among the great works of world literature.
Hitler`s SS bodyguard Rochus Misch recalls: Hitler was the simplest person I knew
Rochus Misch, no longer able to deal with all the interviews, has published "Der letzte Zeuge". Mitch, drafted into Hitler`s personal Begleitkommando in 1940, reveals us what Hitler ate, his kindness toward staff, his affection for his dog Blondi. "The private Hitler was a normal, simple man, the simplest person I knew. It was just to the outside world that he slipped into his Fuehrer role." He is annoyed that "Der Untergang" depicts the Fuehrerbunker as a place filled with visitors. "Most of that happened in the cellars of the New Reich Chancellery." He also tells how Magda Goebbels dressed her 6 children in white nightshirts before killing them.
Hitler told jokes at the expense of his henchmen - The Last Witness by Rochus Misch
Adolf Hitler always found time to crack jokes about his henchmen. Hitler the comedian is one side of the Fuhrer revealed in "The Last Witness" by Hitler`s bodyguard Rochus Misch, who also was telephonist in the führerbunker. "The boss was said to be particularly fond of a couple jokes and told the best ones over and over," recalled Misch. Hitler especially liked to tell jokes at the expense of Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goering - a man always designing himself new uniforms and medals. Several of Hitler`s jokes ended up in dossier "The Hitler Book" which was compiled for Soviet leader Josef Stalin after WWII.
Israeli newspaper in 1932: Hitler makes better impression than expected
The date is Jan. 28, 1932. Haaretz` journalist in Berlin, Gershon Savitt, reports from the courthouse. Defendant Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi party, is facing a libel suit filed by his former friend Walter Stennes. In the article "Hitler up close and personal" he emerges as an exotic figure. "I must note right away that the impression Hitler makes is immeasurably better than expected. He is 46, but looks younger... Self-satisfaction and self-confidence are apparent in his movements; he acts and feels as if he himself is a `star.` Because the world`s eyes are now turned upon him and this pleases him."
Adolf Hitler – How great was the nazi dictator?
Most of the world sees Adolf Hitler as the great archenemy of the 20th century, but some think that he could have achieved great and good things if he had gone the right way. Hitler criticised the Western concept of democracy because of its slow pace, and that individuals are not able to work with their fullest potential due to compromises both in principle and practice that take place. in Mein Kampf he writes: "The Nazi Party must not serve the masses, but rather dominate them." It is beyond contention, that for good or evil Adolf Hitler irrevocably changed the course of history.
Did Adolf Hitler think he was doing good - The paradox of evil
The Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for starting the war, forced it to pay compensations, took land away from it while millions were starving. It was in this context that Adolf Hitler dreamed of making Germany into a great empire based on law and order. He believed that he was making a better world, at least for the Germanic people. Military historian John Laffin thinks the West has an erred image of Hitler, seeing him only as evil. He proves his point in "Hitler Warned Us" by reprinting photos of Hitler from the 1935 Nazi Party book "Adolf Hitler" - filled with pictures of Hitler smiling, embracing the young and elderly, and consoling mourners.
Hitler`s Rise to Power - 75th anniversary of Adolf Hitler`s attainment of power
It took the Führer just 12 years to plunge Europe into the gloomiest chapter of its history. But how did a failed painter manage to bring Germany under his thumb? It was a chilly winter day in 1933, and at 10 a.m., Adolf Hitler, head of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), made his way down Wilhelmstrasse. Hitler was on his way to the Reichskanzlei, seat of the Weimar Republic`s govt, where his cabinet were to meet with President Paul von Hindenburg. The swearing-in ceremony was set for 11 a.m. It was a moment Hitler had been working towards for years. His first attempt, the Beer Hall Putsch in Nov. 1923, would fail in a hail of bullets in Munich.
Hitler`s personal music collection surprising, found from Moscow attic
It`s no surprise that music from Adolf Hitler favorite composers such as Richard Wagner would turn up in the Nazi leader`s personal record collection. Yet a Moscow attic of Lew Besymenski, a captain in Russia`s military intelligence unit, has yielded a complex picture of the Führer`s musical taste. Nearly 100 records suggest Hitler also listened to Russian and Jewish musicians declared "subhuman" by the Nazis. In 1945 Besymenski went to the captured Reich Chancellery in Berlin. The HQ of the Nazi party were located near the underground bunker where Hitler committed suicide. Besymenski`s comrades took silverware engraved with Hitler`s initials with them as souvenirs.
Adolf Hitler was ordered to trim his Prussian moustache in WW1
His moustache is the most recognisable in history. Yet, according to new research into Adolf Hitler`s early life, the toothbrush shape that adorned his scowling face was not his first preference. A unpublished essay by Alexander Moritz Frey who served alongside Hitler in World War I trenches reveals that the future Führer was only obeying orders when he shaped his moustache into its tightly-clipped style. He was instructed to do so, that it would fit under the respirator masks, introduced in response to British mustard gas attacks. Had that order never been issued, he would be remembered as a man with a large Prussian moustache.
Adolf Hitler has was a big fan of British comedy
In 1945 Albert Speer let slip the revelation that The Führer was an avid listener to the BBC. His favourite show was ITMA aka It`s That Man Again, with Tommy Handley: a vaudeville romp set aboard a fake pirate radio station called Radio Fakenburg (Radio Luxembourg). "Oh yes," Speer recalled fondly chuckling as he spoke: "The Führer loved your Tommy Handley." He then proceeded to imitate the voice of Mrs Mopp. When Charlie Chaplin`s The Great Dictator came out during WW2, a satirising of Hitler by Chaplin designed as anti-Nazi propaganda, lampooning his every pompous gesture, Hitler ordered a number of copies, watching it over and over again laughing throughout.
Eye-Witness account of Hitler`s WWI years: "coward, that`s not true"
Adolf Hitler`s years in the German army during World War I have been a mystery due to the lack of eyewitness accounts. Until now: Stefan Ernsting rediscovered the work by Alexander Moritz Frey, who served alongside Hitler in the 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment in the German trenches during WWI as a medical assistant. "The Fantastic Rebel Alexander Moritz Frey" republishes his accounts. "... I immediately had the same impression that many had of him later - that he took the military maneuvers of the enemy personally, as if they wanted to take his precious life in particular." and "When people claim that he had been a coward, that`s not true."
The Young Hitler I Knew by August Kubizek - Reveals Hitler`s Girl?
Much of Adolf Hitler’s early life — his years in the Austrian cities of Linz and Vienna — remains shrouded in obscurity. For decades, biographers have relied on the memoirs of Hitler’s best — only — friend during 1904-1908, August Kubizek. Now his book "The Young Hitler I Knew" has been published in English in full. And while there have been earlier versions — notably the heavily edited version used by the Nazi party as an official biography — his uncensored account throws a fascinating light on the mind of the future Fuhrer. For it contains, for the first time, the full story of Hitler’s obsession with a pretty girl called Stefanie Isak.
Former Waffen SS officer building Shrine to Adolf Hitler (Article no longer available from the original source)
Ted Junker seems like an ordinary farmer until he starts to talk about Adolf Hitler. Junker, who says was an SS officer, believes Hitler was a great leader who was misunderstood, so he built a memorial to the Führer. It`s a beautiful location for a concrete structure memorial to a man, who most believe started World War II, in which 50 million people died. He paid $200,000 to build the memorial. His father spoke highly of Hitler and that left an impression on Junker. He volunteered to join the German Waffen SS, in 1940 and he served in Russia, where he said he and his countrymen worked to liberate Russians from communism.
British PM Baldwin`s letter praising Adolf Hitler goes on sale
A letter written by the former British prime minister Stanley Baldwin in which he pays tribute to Hitler as "a remarkable man" who made "great achievements" is to go on sale. Mr Baldwin wrote in glowing terms about the German leader in 1936, three years before the Second World War broke out. The letter reads: "Like you, I acknowledge (Hitler`s) great achievements since taking over that troubled country. The German people obviously love him, even if that love puts a burden on them both. ... Yes, Herr Hitler is a remarkable man but I feel he must use these gifts wisely or I fear greatly for the consequence."
Dissecting Hitler - The Hitler Book
Stalin felt betrayed by Hitler, but the German dictator also fascinated him. Why else would Stalin have commissioned a detailed study of the man who was his greatest enemy? The Hitler Book, officially titled "Affair No. 1-G-23: Concerning Hitler and his Associates", purports to be a special study of Adolf Hitler prepared by security-police researchers at the behest of Josef Stalin, who sought to better understand the mind of his defeated foe. Based largely on information obtained from Hitler`s associates.
A dossier on Hitler prepared for Stalin’s eyes only (Article no longer available from the original source)
The book’s authorship—the two German historians are editors—is unique. Soviet secret service agents “wrote” the book. Stalin ordered two of Hitler’s aides, his adjutant, Otto Gunsche, and his personal valet, Heinz Linge, be interrogated — whatever that term means in the context of NKVD (Soviet secret police) methods — and the results were to be given to Stalin. A dossier on Hitler prepared for Stalin’s eyes only—there’s enough drama in that to make blurb writers employed by publishers drool. But for critics, that poses the danger of missing the wood of new insights for the trees of details.
American Opinion About Hitler During World War II
What did Hitler’s contemporaries think? Using feature stories and editorials from the New York Times, this paper tracks American opinion of Adolph Hitler from 1940 to 1945 - during Second World War. By 1940, many people saw Hitler as a great intellectual, and many news stories focused on Hitler’s character and personality.
Adolf Hitler sought sanctuary in Japan?
Aware that his Third Reich was on the verge of collapse just 12 years into the 1,000-year reign he had promised, German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler tried to flee the rampaging Russians battering his Berlin bunker and sought sanctuary in Japan, according to Shukan Shincho. On Oct. 9, 1945, just after the war ended, the Pacific Stars and Stripes ran a story by Jack Smith claiming that the Imperial Japanese Navy had a secret plan to spirit Der Fuhrer out of Nazi Germany and into Japan. Quoting a former Imperial Navy officer, Smith said that a top secret meeting had been held in Tokyo on March 3, 1945, during which the final decision was made to send a sub to bring Hitler to Japan.
UK Soldier spared Hitler`s life - Historians dispute legend (Article no longer available from the original source)
A First World War legend that Adolf Hitler`s life was spared by a soldier who had him in his sights has been questioned by new research. Pte Henry Tandey, who was serving with the Duke of Wellington`s Regiment, reputedly had a chance to kill the future Führer during fighting at Marcoing, near Cambrai, France, on the day he won a Victoria Cross, Sept 28, 1918. But he could not bring himself to kill a wounded man and instead let Hitler go. Hitler was indeed wounded in northern France, but work by historians has cast new doubt on the story. Documents in the Bavarian State Archive show that Corporal Hitler was on leave on the day in question and nowhere near the battle.
Reinhard Spitzy: Adolf Hitler was charming, humoristic and a very good mimic (Article no longer available from the original source)
Reinhard Spitzy, who deserted the Nazis to become a member of the German resistance, worked with Adolf Hitler in Austria. "Nobody is bad all their life. Hitler was charming, humoristic, and a very good mimic." Hitler enjoyed telling jokes about the British. "He particularly liked Colonel Blimp jokes, not sex or political ones. He always talked nicely about England he never wanted to endanger it." Hitler was handsome: "In the morning his eyes were big and wonderful deep blue." Before the war Spitzy was right-hand man to the Reich`s foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, and during it worked for the head of the Abwehr, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris.
Belongings of Hitler
Assassination attempts on hitler
Berghof: Eagles Nest'
Hitler: Aides, Adjutants...