America during World War II - United States Home front.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: America in WWII: Dark Side, Nazi Spies in United States, WWI in American Soil, Battle of Alaska, German Militaria, Ruins, bunkers in the US, Rosie the Riveters.
Navajo Ordnance Depot integral part of World War II Pacific campaign
The Navajo Ordnance Depot was built in Bellemont in 1942 as an ammunition storage location for the WWII Pacific Theater. Designated the Flagstaff Ordnance Depot, the 28,347-acre property at its peak had 227 miles of roads, 38 miles of railroad, 170 buildings and 777 storage bunkers and required 8,000 construction workers to build. `This depot was a key place during WWII,` said retired Army officer, historian and author John Westerlund. `Munitions stored here were shipped to Los Angeles and San Francisco for the Pacific.` In August of 1941, Army officials were searching for possible sites for an enormous munitions storage and shipping depot.
During World War II, the U.S. Saw Italian-Americans as a Threat to Homeland
The incarceration of Japanese-Americans is the best-known effect of Executive Order 9066, the rule signed by President Franklin Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. And for good reason. The suffering and punishment placed upon innocent Japanese-Americans was a dark chapter in American history. But the full extent of the government order is largely unknown. In addition to forcibly evacuating 120,000 Americans of Japanese background from their homes on the West Coast to barbed-wire-encircled camps, EO 9066 called for the relocation of more than 50,000 Italian-Americans and restricted the movements of more than 600,000 Italian-Americans nationwide. Now, the order has resurfaced in the public conversation about immigration.
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store since 2011)
After Pearl Harbor: The Secret Plan to Hide America`s Iconic Documents
In the tense days following the attack on Pearl Harbor, a train left Washington, D.C., under the cover of night carrying the most precious cargo ever transported in American history. This is the story of the secret operation to save the U.S. Constitution, Declaration of Independence and other treasured American artifacts during World War II.
The Nazis Kept a List of Powerful American Friends in Los Angeles, Including the Co-Founder of UCLA
In 1945, the FBI raided a warehouse in Los Angeles that was used for storage by the German Consulate. Among the files, they found a collection of 3x5-inch cards kept by the Nazi regime containing contact information for important people in LA. The cards included the names, addresses, and phone numbers of people in the entertainment industry, academia, and industry. And it serves as a terrifying reminder that the normalization of the Nazis in the 1930s provided cover for some very powerful people in the US to be friendly with genocidal maniacs.
Gallery: When Pro-Nazi youth camps infiltrated America
Image Gallery: When Pro-Nazi youth camps infiltrated America
Tanks, turrets, airplanes, and Power Wagons - Chrysler revisits its involvement in World War II
A video posted on FCA`s YouTube page recounts Chrysler`s involvement in World War II, when the U.S. government commissioned the automaker to contribute to the war effort by building military vehicles. As part of a short documentary called `Automakers and the Arsenal of Democracy,` FCA looks back in time and takes a look at Chrysler`s wartime activities. Narrator and FCA US historian Brandt Rosenbusch explains that the U.S. government initially approached Chrysler with a tank and asked if the corporation could build it in mass production, which it eventually did after winning a contract.
Nazi Summer Camps Revealed in 1930s America
In the 1930s, before World War Two had begun, a series of Nazi summer camps were set up across the United States. The Nazi-themed camps were set up by locals – not the Third Reich in Germany – and showed that support for right-leaning views was on the increase around the world, not just in Germany. Scarily, the camps were very similar to the Hitler Youth camps that were used to propagate the Nazis` policies and gain support from the younger generation. In total 16 camps were set up across the U.S. At the camps, parents would give Hitler`s right-arm salute, and children would wear uniforms with the Nazi swastika emblem - showing how much of a following fascism garnered during the 1930s internationally.
Tragic Aftermath of American Mustard Gas Experiments in World War II
During World War II, the U.S. military conducted secret chemical weapons experiments on approximately 4,000 American soldiers. Though the program was declassified in 1993, an ongoing investigation by NPR`s Caitlin Dickerson has revealed that the Department of Veteran Affairs only located and offered compensation to 610 victims. Now, NPR had released its own comprehensive, searchable database of the 3,900 veterans who were exposed to mustard gas and other chemical weapons, in an attempt to track down uncompensated survivors and their families.
Footage shows Nazi Summer Camps In 1930s America
To the unsuspecting observer, the 25-minute silent, black and white video from the vaults of the U.S. National Archives seems to showcase a quaint, carefree summer camp for boys in 1937. Healthy, happy, high-energy guys - against the backdrop of the Catskill Mountains in New York - pitch tents, get muddy, shoot rifles, box and wrestle one another, raise a Nazi swastika flag ... Wait, what? In the 1930s Nazi summer camps for youngsters — like the one near Windham, N.Y., featured in the clip — popped up around the US. The pro-Hitler retreats were sponsored by German loyalists, such as the German-American Bund led by Fritz Kuhn. The Bund, "which came to include more than 70 local chapters," according to a 2014 National Archives blog post, "was founded in 1936 to promote Germany and the Nazi party in America.
In 1941 a Group of Americans Arranged a Hex Party to Kill Adolf Hitler by a Voodoo Spell
On January 22, 1941 a group of young idealists went to a cabin in the Maryland woods to put a voodoo spell on Hitler. Black magic or not, these Nazi-haters knew how to party. The party featured `a dressmaker`s dummy, a Nazi uniform, nails, axes, tom-toms and plenty of Jamaica rum,` and was inspired by a book by occultist and writer William Seabrook that was popular at the time: Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today.
The American Home Front in color photographs
The American Home Front in color photographs.
Photos reveal how U.S. experimented on its own citizens just like the Nazi doctors
Pictures have emerged providing the proof that U.S. government doctors experimented on Americans from the 1940s to the 1960s. Studies, which often involved making healthy people sick, were at worst curiosity-satisfying experiments that hurt people but provided no useful results.
For example in the mid-1940s American researchers studied the transmission of a deadly stomach bug by having young men at the New York State Vocational Institution swallow unfiltered fecal matter.
Two films and one documentary to explore The Battle Of Los Angeles
On March 11, 2011 and March 15, 2011, two very different Hollywood sci-fi films will tackle the mysterious battle which took place over Los Angeles on February 25, 1942. "Battle: Los Angeles" is a big 100 million dollar production while "Battle Of Los Angeles" is more of a class B film. Additionally, a documentary film - "The Battle of Los Angeles" by Jose Escamillas - will be released soon, but unfortunately it seems to be a bit biased production.
Over a million people watched as the U.S. military fired 1,440 rounds of anti-aircraft ammunition at something that hovered over Culver City California for more than an hour and a half. Explanations offered by both eyewitnesses and authorities vary greatly, covering everything from weather balloons and wartime nervousness to mystery airplanes and UFOs.
WWII-era defense plants still operating in Kansas City - and still using original 1940s machinery (Article no longer available from the original source)
Thousands of Kansas City workers are still reporting for duty at two WWII defense plants. The Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, which has 2,800 employees -- some still operating original 1940s machinery -- continues to make small-caliber ammunition for the U.S. military.
All-American hero Charles Lindbergh urged the US to back Hitler, and blamed the Jews for the start of war
The voice coming out of radios across America 70 years ago was calm. Millions tuned in to listen – for the speaker was the nation`s golden boy - aviator Charles Lindbergh. Whenever "Lindy" spoke, America listened, because this was the man who 13 years earlier had amazed the world by flying 4,000 miles from Long Island to Paris. Then in 1932, he received lots of sympathy after his son was kidnapped and murdered. But now Lindbergh had become a leader of the anti-war America First movement, urging his country to keep out of the fight against the Third Reich - and later blaming the Jews for the outbreak of war.
WWII munitions explosion in Port Chicago sparked the largest mass mutiny trial in US Navy history
The biggest WWII homefront disaster took place in Port Chicago, near San Francisco as a munitions explosion killed 320 people, injured 390 and sparked the biggest mass mutiny trial in U.S. Navy history. On July 17, 1944 Port Chicago - where the Navy took ordnance off railroad cars and loaded them onto ships - was ready to blow, in more ways than one. The E.A. Bryan, a 440-foot-long Liberty ship was being filled with munitions. 1,400 enlisted men did the dangerous work. All were black - their morale was "extremely low" - banned from other jobs by racist policies that prevailed in the U.S. Navy and American society.
Florida in World War II: Floating Fortress by Nick Wynne and Richard D. Moorhead (WWII book review)
Florida`s transformation into a WWII hotspot led the state away from farming, segregation and the Depression that hit it after the 1920s housing boom. "Florida in World War II: Floating Fortress" recounts the heroic and the horrible, from the surge in military bases to the increase in venereal disease. Even in the year or two before the war, Nazi U-boats sank up to 100 ships off Florida`s coast. After the war began attacks were so easy that the U-boat crews considered it "the happy time". Locals recall seeing Germans who came ashore to purchase fresh fruit, though their visits were not recorded in U-boat logs.
Documentary film Scrappers: How the Heartland won World War II
They hauled cast-iron stoves from basements. Dismantled windmills. Pitched bicycles and anything else made of metal onto mountainous piles by the railroad tracks. All in an effort to win the Second World War. Mary was 12 and Jack Ostergard. 13, when - for a 3-week period in August of 1942 - they joined other Nebraskans, searching their towns and countrysides for scrap metal. Metal was needed to jump-start the steel mills for the production of planes, tanks, ships and munitions. The Ostergards and several other Nebraskans and historians are featured in a documentary film "Scrappers: How the Heartland Won World War II".
Helluva Town: The Story of New York City During World War II by Richard Goldstein (book review)
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, panic spread in New York. Residents feared what happened to London during the bombing by the Luftwaffe might happen to Manhattan. Within hours of the attack, men started enlisting. The mayor`s Office of Civilian Defense was said to have 950,000 volunteers, and there were 115,000 air-raid wardens. The city didn`t have a single air-raid siren. The FBI hunted Nazi spies, and the Navy got help from mafia bosses to secure the city`s piers. Not to forget the darker side: Irish-Catholic youth gangs attacking Jewish youngsters, and racism that caused the riot of 1943.
Declassified files reveal how Bush family helped Adolf Hitler`s rise to power
The files in the US National Archives confirm that a firm of which George Bush`s grandfather Prescott Bush was a director was involved with the financial architects of Nazi Germany. His business dealings continued even after the Third Reich invaded Poland in 1939 -only stopping after his company`s assets were seized in 1942 (the Trading with the Enemy Act). This has led to a billion dollar civil action against the Bush family by Auschwitz slave labourers. Bush family`s dealings with the Nazis has got little publicity, partly due to the secret status of the files about the late US senator Prescott Bush.
World War II`s lost treasure: States Battle U.S. for billions in war bonds
70 years ago, the federal government began issuing hundreds of billions in savings bonds to finance the biggest war effort in the America`s history, with President Franklin D. Roosevelt buying the very first. But the war bonds came with a catch: They wouldn`t be paid off for 40 years, a remarkably long time. As the decades passed after World War II, $16.7 billion worth of bonds were forgotten in attics or thrown out in the trash. That WW2 treasure has remained unclaimed. But now a half-dozen state governments have filed a case against the federal government. They say the Treasury Department has done nothing to find the original bondholders or their descendants.
The Third Reich in the Ivory Tower: Complicity and Conflict on American Campuses
A new book studies American colleges` links to Nazi Germany in the 1930s - marked by indifference and collaboration. "In the case of [American] higher education, it`s a very shameful record of complicity and indifference to atrocities committed against the Jews from 1933 onward - and actually a lot of collaboration... participating in well-organized student exchange programs, participating in well-orchestrated Nazi festivals in Germany," says history professor Stephen H. Norwood, depicting university leaders indifferent to a barbaric regime abroad because of their own anti-Semitism (maintaining quota barriers against Jewish students).
Court: No payback for western Kentucky land used for WWII camp (Article no longer available from the original source)
Former western Kentucky landowners are not entitled to compensation for their property the U.S. Army seized to build Camp Breckinridge near Henderson 1942-1944, a federal court stated, closing a 15-year legal battle. Landowners claim the U.S. government promised to sell back farmland after the war in the 1940s. Instead, the authorities sold it and the mineral rights without paying to the over 1000 landowners involved.
National World War II Museum in New Orleans looking for Kitchen Memories
When an army travels on its stomach, homefront marches along with it. That`s sort of the thinking by the curators of the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, which is collecting "Kitchen Memories" of the war years - oral histories, photos and recipes: anything that records what families recall, either directly or through lore, of food culture during the war. The museum, which pulled in 150,000 visitors in 2008, is undergoing a $300 million expansion that will triple its size.
Quilt historian tells homefront story with World War II quilts - Grout Museum
People touring "Stitched by the Greatest Generation: WWII-Era Quilts" -exhibit are often drawn to a simple quilt decorated with Polish letters. The message reads: Thank you Russian Army for the liberation of Auschwitz 1945. "The fabrics look like the fabrics of clothing worn by the victims... I purchased it from someone who comes from a predominantly Polish area of Pittsburgh," explains Sue Reich, an author of 5 quilt books, a collector and an appraiser. Many quilts made by the greatest generation have been put away in attics. "My research has lead me to quilts that were made from parachute silk and Blue Star and Gold Star flags."
"Same War Different Battlefields" views World War II through civilian eyes
Jean Goodwin Messinger`s "Same War Different Battlefields" contains first-person accounts of WWII from the civilian point of view. The book is divided into 3 parts: life in war-time Europe, life for Japanese-Americans and stateside stories. Stories include accounts of the bombing of Hiroshima, life in the Camp Amache Japanese American internment camp, the London blitz, refugees fleeing invadind Russian armies, living under Nazi occupation, life in Third Reich and the story of a survivor from German ocean liner SS. St. Louis, that left Europe in 1939 with refugees and was denied entrance to Cuba, the US and Canada. The ship returned to Nazi Germany.
The U.S. West Coast was bombed by aircraft on Dec. 10, 1944
While much of Asia and Europe was in ruins after the aerial bombings of World War II, the U.S. West Coast never saw much damage. Sure, the Japanese sent balloon bombs that started a few fires, and a submarine fired some shells into the oil fields near Santa Barbara and farther up the coast. But there was one U.S. city that was the site of an World War II bombing attack. Sort of. On Dec. 10, 1944 the safety of the American homefront was disrupted when 5 bombs crashed into a Pomona. George P. Hiett was working at his dining room table when he stepped away to talk to his wife. Moments later a "bomb" fell through the roof onto the table.
US court hears families forced to sell their farms to the U.S. Army early in World War II
An attorney for families forced to sell their farms to the U.S. Army early in World War II argued in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims that government agents bullied them into accepting bad deals. Government claims that the landowners were more than fairly compensated and have no rights to extra payments even though the government later made a windfall from coal, oil and gas resources found under the land. Only one of the original owners is alive, but over 1,000 heirs have been involved. Many have similar stories: Agents arrived in 1942 or early 1943 with notices that their property was being taken and they had a short time to leave.
Random patterns in U.S. fields were mistaken for Nazi air markers by fifth-column
On August 10, 1942, the U.S. Army`s PR office revealed that fliers for the First Ground Air Support Command had discovered "secret markers" on the east coast - seemingly placed by fifth-columnists. They appeared innocent from the ground but when viewed from the air they formed arrows "aimed directly at airplane factories and airfields." The Army released 3 pictures showing these markers, and the discovery got huge press coverage: Editorials warned of the need to be on the alert for treachery at home. But within a day the markers went from being a threat to an object of mockery.
Relive WWII at Fort Miles, whose coastal defenses helped guard the home front
Dressed in Army-green pants and a short fatigue jacket, Mike Rogers snaps to attention next to an artillery piece. He wears the insignia of the 261st Coast Artillery`s 2nd Division. Based at Delaware`s Cape Henlopen 1940-1945, the 261st guarded the mouth of Delaware Bay and the maritime approaches to Wilmington and Philadelphia. 6 decades later, Henlopen`s great mounded dunes still hide a warren of bunkers and gun emplacements. Set up along the ocean shore, 11 concrete spotting towers rise above the beaches. In 1940, with war already breaking out, America moved to fortify the mouth of Delaware Bay.
Home front: Tri-State residents worked long hours to fuel the U.S. war machine
Evelyn Carter worked on the riveting crew in Evansville during World War Two. The equipment was heavy, and you could get your fingers crushed if you weren`t careful. The goal was harsh: 14 aircraft sections a night. After her shift ended at midnight, she many time went to a canteen to make sandwiches for soldiers moving through the city on troop trains, sometimes staying until daylight. "Nobody asked questions or even thought twice about what a long day it was. It was our duty. Besides, we were young. We thought we could do anything." Her first weekly paycheck was $58. She was expected to buy a $6.25 savings bond every 3 weeks.
Victory Mail -exhibit opens at the Smithsonian`s National Postal Museum
When America`s sons are sent overseas during wartime contact with loved ones back home becomes a crucial part of life. During World War II, a new mail processing method used to increase the amount of mail that could be exchanged overseas. "Victory Mail," a temporary exhibition at the National Postal Museum, presents the museum`s collection of WWII V-Mail correspondence. "V" for "Victory," a popular WWII symbol, was the source for the name of this correspondence style. The V-Mail system was developed to decrease the shipping space needed for the massive growth in mail being sent.
Rare war films to show how war bond drives helped finance WWII (Article no longer available from the original source)
It will be an opportunity to experience how the Second World War was financed by the American people, thanks to films so powerful they were ordered for destruction after the war was over. They were saved by Tom Masters and 7 of them will be shown in Jonesborough. Masters gave the films to Charlie Mauk`s father, and then Mauk inherited these rare footages. "Masters worked for the office of Civil Defense, where the war bond films were returned, and he couldn’t bear to see them all destroyed. They were shot on 35mm stock for showing in theaters, and on 16mm for showings in ... other public places. Every other film has an in-your-face message to buy war bonds at the end."
Civil Air Patrol: World War II`s Minute Men of the sky (Article no longer available from the original source)
The Civil Air Patrol is a nonprofit corporation that serves as the official auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force. It was set up Dec. 1, 1941. During the Second World War, its main task was protecting ships from attacks from Nazi submarines. There was a time in 1942 when Axis subs were sinking 2-3 vessels a day along the East Coast and the Gulf of Mexico. America`s navy was spread too thin along a 1,200 mile coast to keep the Nazis at bay. U-boats sank 12 vessels in January, 42 in March, and by May the losses were so bad that the govt released no stats. German u-boats were so bold, that when the u-boats surfaced, sailors hung out their wash to dry and took sunbaths on deck.
Dealing with aftermath of Pearl Harbor - Food rationing (Article no longer available from the original source)
Americans were still staggering from the shock of Pearl Harbor when Safeway management published a part of Franklin D. Roosevelt`s Dec. 9, 1941, message: "...we should not have to curtail the normal articles of food. There is enough food for all of us and enough left over to send to those who are fighting on the same side with us." --- Within 5 months nationwide rationing was set up: Meat, sugar, butter, coffee as well as gasoline, tires and shoes were among the rationed items. One hundred million books containing stamps were printed. It listed your name, address, height and weight. Coupon 25 was good for one pound of coffee and coupon 17 entitled to one pair of shoes.
Victory gardens revive World War II project
When the boys marched off to World War II, those left behind marched into backyards and began gardening to help the war effort. A propaganda poster depicted a pitchfork sinking into a tidy American lawn: "Groundwork for Victory." By WWII’s end victory gardens were turning out 40% of the nation’s produce output. But when the bombs stopped falling, Americans dropped pitchforks and the millions of little plots were paved over. Amy Franceschini is trying to nurture the victory garden concept back to prominence with a 21st century agenda. Inspired by a book on the history of community gardening she assembled an art project "Victory Gardens 2007+".
18,000 involuntary sterilizations in America 1907-1940
On Jan. 20, 1932, white doctors at the North Carolina State Hospital for the Colored Insane carried out a medical procedure that "asexualized" a 24-year-old black male patient. The castration of Junius Wilson was one of over 18,000 sterilizations that took place in American mental institutions 1907-1940. Though less well known than a similar program in Nazi Germany, the involuntary sterilization of individuals deemed "defective" by the government was legal in 30 US states by the early 1930s. And in the Deep South blacks were especially vulnerable to the irreversible procedure.
Is "Kissing Sailor" mystery solved - Glenn McDuffie in photograph?
Yet another man has come forward claiming to be the sailor in the 1945 Life photograph "The Kiss" - taken in Times Square Aug. 14, 1945, Victory over Japan Day, by Alfred Eisenstaedt. This time experts say Glenn McDuffie is the one -and he has taken lie detector tests to prove it. "When I got off the subway I got to the top of the stairs and the lady up there said, `Sailor, I`m so happy for you.` I asked her why and she told me the war was over... I ran into the street jumping and hollering. That nurse was out there and she turned around and put her arms out and that`s when I kissed her. Then I heard someone running ... and it was that photographer."
The Negro Soldier - 1944 propaganda film created by the U.S. Army
During WWII, the American military effort was disfigured due to the nation’s cruel policies regarding racial segregation. African-Americans who responded to the defense of their country found themselves in violent situations. Contrary to popular belief, they did not passively accept their situation. Despite censorship designed to squash inklings of a fragmented home front, civil rights leaders and the troops angrily pressed for fair treatment and a greater level of participation in the actual battles. The sensitivity of the matter caused the War Department to create a documentary designed to boost the value of the African-American contribution.
World Way II rationing forced some to give up living "high on the hog"
Because America’s rubber supply was cut off by Japanese Army by 1941, one of the first things to be rationed in US was gasoline, which began on Dec. 1, 1942. In addition the speed limits on all roads was lowered to 35 MPH. Gasoline rationing and the reduced speed limits was done mainly to conserve rubber. Citizens had to swear under oath that they needed gasoline and that they owned no more than 5 tires. The use of food rationing stamps was often confusing as to the color red or blue and "A" "B" or "C." Red stamps were used to buy meat, butter, lard etc., while the blue stamps were for canned vegetables.
Six decades later, American families still await World War II pay
When they were told to get off their western Kentucky farmland in 1941 to make room for a WW2 training camp, families were given as little as 2 weeks to get everything out. Over the years they were cheated out of an agreement to buy back their land and denied a stake in a government windfall: the discovery of gas and oil. Now, those families are battling the U.S. government for their fair share of more than $30 million in profits. "They don`t get around to paying you quickly when they owe you money," said William Griggs. He remembers when farmers were told to move off their land. "Everybody was disappointed. But we were patriotic."
Alistair Cooke`s American Journey: Life on the WWII Home Front
"Alistair Cooke`s American Journey: Life on the Home Front in the Second World War" - completed in 1945, then lost, but rediscovered a few weeks before Cooke`s death in 2004 - showcases all of his talents. In February 1942 Cooke travelled around America to observe the war effort. We should be grateful he did, as this book provides a unique insight into America`s Home Front. He is refreshingly candid, alert to the fact that the "routine dishonesties" of popular journalism are heightened in wartime. For instance, on Dec 7 1941, the American people were "not `stunned` as the newspapers have it but fuzzily wondering where Pearl Harbor was".
Mafia Allies: America`s Secret Alliance with the Mob in World War II
The U.S. Pacific fleet had been devastated in the Pearl Harbor attack, and Nazi U-boats were sinking Allied ships. The clannish Italians who made up the bulk of the fishing industry were well placed to supply critical information, but their distrust of outsiders prevented them from doing patriotic duty. An American Mafioso, Charlie "Lucky" Luciano was at a prison - to up to 50 years. Naval intelligence pulled some strings behind the scenes, and he was transferred to Albany. With his criminal mastermind Meyer Lansky acting as go-between, the Navy enlisted Luciano and the result was one of the great Allied counter-espionage successes.
American fascist movement leader Lawrence Dennis was black
Lawrence Dennis was a leading light in the American fascist movement of the 1930s. He was a fan of Adolf Hitler and a self-avowed anti-semite. Now a book "The Colour of Fascism" by Gerald Horne reveals that he was black - although even his wife didn`t know. Lawrence Dennis was the brains behind American fascism. He attended the Nuremberg rallies, had an audience with Mussolini, and met Nazi leaders; throughout the 1930s he provided the intellectual ballast for America`s pro-fascist movement. But though his work was well known by the elite on both sides of the Atlantic, there was one fact about him that has never emerged until now: he was black.
World War II scrap drive remembered - Active Homefront
Dec. 7, 1941, started an era of change after the attack of Pearl Harbor. The war affected the life of every Nebraskan. It united Americans in a common cause and Nebraskans were among the first to rally for the troops. Scrap drives became daily events and morale boosters for those left behind after sending a loved one off to war. In Nebraska Tom Rondinella and Jim Kimble interviewed people who could remember the scrap metal drives of 1942. They spent March 3 in Gothenburg filming the Ostergard couple for a historical documentary video on Nebraska’s role in WWII. "We didn’t throw things away like people do today."
How General Motors mobilized Adolf Hitler`s Third Reich
May 2, 1934, after practicing his Sieg Heil in front of a mirror, president of the General Motors Overseas James D. Mooney went to meet Adolf Hitler in his Chancellery. As he traversed the long approach to Hitler´s desk, he began to pump his arm in a stern-faced Sieg Heil. But the Fuhrer surprised him by getting up from his desk and meeting Mooney halfway, with a handshake. GM and Opel were indispensable cogs in the Third Reich´s rearmament juggernaut. The documentation reveals that while General Motors was mobilizing the Third Reich, GM was undermining the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt and America´s electric mass transit.
Disney and World War II - Emblems, posters and propaganda
Just prior to America`s entry into the war, the U.S. Navy asked Disney Studios to assist in designing an emblem for one of the new American warships. The creation proved popular and further requests were made. Over the next 6 years Studios devoted 94% of its facilities to support the allied war effort through the creation of over 1,200 unit emblems, posters and designs for war bonds. It also produced short cartoons for propaganda purposes. According to Bruce B. Herman, an expert on military antiques, one German pilot painted an image of Mickey Mouse on his airplane. "It annoyed Walt Disney no end that the Nazis were using his creation."
A Better Breed of American
In America and elsewhere, enthusiasm for eugenics was broadly supported by elites. Theodore Roosevelt, the leaders of the Carnegie and Rockefeller foundations, Winston Churchill and George Bernard Shaw embraced its goals. American compulsory sterilization policy, which had officially begun in 1907 when Indiana passed a law allowing scientists to use surgical methods to eradicate the unfit — "the first law in human history, allowing doctors to operate on otherwise healthy citizens against their will." Hitler modeled Germany`s sterilization policies on California`s 1909 sterilization law.