Anti-nazis in Hitler's Third Reich - German resistance to the Nazis.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.
White Rose founder Alexander Schmorell declared a saint by Russian church
The Russian-Orthodox Church canonised one of the founders of the anti-fascist group the "White Rose," Alexander Schmorell, over the weekend in Munich, nearly 70 years after his execution by the Nazis. The White Rose, or Weiße Rose, was founded by a group of Munich students and their philosophy professor Kurt Huber, all of whom voiced their resistance against the Nazi regime. In 1942, the group launched a graffiti campaign and began to distribute leaflets urging opposition to the Nazi Party. On July 13, 1943, Schmorell and Huber were executed, just five months after fellow White Rose members Sophie and Hans Scholl and Christoph Probst were put to death.
Historian Karl Bosl swept away his Nazi past and replaced it with the image of a brave opponent of the Nazis
The night of April 17, 1945 was a dramatic one in the Bavarian town of Ansbach. The Third Reich was about to collapse and U.S. forces were besieging the city. That night a group of anti-Nazis tried to get the town to surrender without bloodshed. The tragic events of that night would enable one of Germany`s most important postwar historians to clear his name of accusations that he was pro-Nazi. Through a web of lies, the historian, Karl Bosl, swept away his Nazi past and replaced it with the image of a brave opponent of the Nazis. Research by Professor Benjamin Z. Kedar and Peter Herde of Wurzburg University in Germany, has exposed what really happened that night, as well as Bosl`s true Nazi past.
Collector donates a WWII leaflet, which attacks Nazi regime, to the Holocaust Centre in Nottinghamshire
A collector has donated a rare WWII leaflet which attacks Nazi regime to the Holocaust Centre in Nottinghamshire. The anti-Nazi document produced by the White Rose student movement in Munich in 1942 called for civil disobedience. It was reprinted in the UK and air-dropped by the RAF. The White Rose student movement produced and circulated 6 leaflets before the resistance group was betrayed in 1943 - six of its leading figures were executed. A copy of one of the leaflets found its way to the UK and was reprinted and air-dropped by the RAF in an effort to help turn the Germans against Hitler.
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
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Freya von Moltke: Member of the anti-Nazi group Kreisau Circle
A member of Germany`s anti-Nazi resistance during World War 2 has passed away at 98. Freya von Moltke belonged to a group of aristocrats who supported the plot to kill Adolf Hitler with a bomb in July 1944. The group, the Kreisau Circle, was led by Helmuth von Moltke. 1942-1943 Mrs von Moltke hosted meetings at the family estate, Kreisau in Silesia, at which the resistance group talked about plans for the postwar Germany. Helmuth von Moltke was executed for treason in January 1945. After the war Mrs von Moltke - author of several books about resistance to the Nazis - and her two sons escaped to South Africa.
Nazi deserter Ludwig Baumann faced abuse in Germany after the war
Ludwig Baumann joined Wehrmacht but he became a pacifist and deserted in 1942, along with Kurt Oldenburg. "I didn`t want to take part in Hitler`s war. I realised it was ... genocidal war." He was caught by the Nazis and sentenced to death for desertion. He was tortured, taken to concentration camps. "We were sentenced to death... [but] after 10 months we were taken to a concentration camp and then to Torgau, a huge Wehrmacht prison. 1,300 of our people were shot dead or died there - and then we were taken to the Eastern Front. Most of our men died, including my friend Kurt." After the war Baumann endured abuse from Germans who accused him of cowardice.
Red Orchestra: The Story of the Berlin Underground [book review]
"If history is written by victors, fame accrues to those who succeed rather than those who attempt the impossible," Anne Nelson notices in "Red Orchestra," her account of a network of people who resisted the Nazi regime. A loose consortium of over 100 individuals who attempted to assist Jews and distribute leaflets and stickers to turn enthralled Germans against Hitler. They also attempted to bring information of the Nazi regime`s crimes to the attention of the Allies. They were labeled the "Red Orchestra" by German military intelligence which intercepted the radio transmissions between the group and their Soviet contacts.
In 1943 the German High Command offered to turn Wehrmacht against Waffen-SS and help U.S. win the war
In 2002 Charles Fenyvesi was combing through the declassified WWII files at the U.S. National Archives when he came across a surprise. In July 1943 Count Helmuth James von Moltke - the German military intelligence service (Abwehr) representative at the German High Command and an anti-Nazi - made a secret visit to the OSS (the predecessor to the CIA) in Istanbul offering to turn Wehrmacht against the Waffen-SS and make a separate peace with the Americans. Moltke also gave the OSS a list of the high rank Germans involved in the conspiracy: Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, Field Marshal Wilhelm List, Colonel General Ludwig Beck, Colonel General Franz Halder...
Crossing Hitler: The Man Who Put the Nazis on the Witness Stand - Book review
In the Eden Dance Palace trial of 1931, in which 4 Nazi storm troopers stood accused of attempted murder, a lawyer for the prosecution called in Adolf Hitler as a witness. This fearless lawyer was Hans Litten. In "Crossing Hitler: The Man Who Put the Nazis on the Witness Stand" Benjamin Carter Hett recounts this historic face-off. When Hitler appeared in court in May 8, Litten subjected him to a fierce cross-examination, revealing the violence of the Nazi movement. The trial exposed Hitler to several dangers: criminal prosecution, the disintegration of his party, public exposure of the contradictions on which the Nazis` appeal was based.
Stalin planned to send a million troops to stop Hitler if Britain and France agreed pact
Secret papers reveal that the Soviet Union suggested sending a military force to the German border to lure Britain and France into an anti-Nazi alliance. Such a deal could have changed the course of 20th century. The offer to contain Hitler was made by a Soviet military delegation at a Kremlin meeting with British and French officers, 2 weeks before war broke out in 1939. The vast numbers of infantry and artillery forces could be sent, if Polish protests to the Red Army crossing its area could be overcome. But the British and French side (not authorized to commit deals) did not react, so Stalin signed the non-aggression pact with Hitler just a week later.
Lithuania investigates WWII war crimes committed by three Jewish persons
A meeting between Jewish communal officials and Lithuania`s PM did not dispel rising tension over Lithuania`s probe into alleged war crimes committed by Jewish partisans during World War II. The three people being questioned (Yitzhak Arad - a former chairman of Yad Vashem Holocaust museum, and Fania Branstovsky and Rachel Margolis - women part of the Red Army`s anti-Nazi resistance movement) have denied the allegations. While no charges have been pressed, Lithuanian authorities are looking to question the suspects about their role in a January 1944 massacre in the village of Koniuchy.
Documentary: Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler
The 70min "Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler" has 1.5 hours of "Essential Extras," and a 52min HD broadcast version. Based on the biggest collection of eye-witness accounts and produced with the official German Resistance Foundation devoted to the memory of the conspirators, the documentary features interviews with Philipp Baron von Boeselager (the last living conspirator who escaped Hitler`s wrath) as well as the man who procured the explosives for Claus von Stauffenberg. With over 20 interviews, it features leading scholars and historians on the conspiracy.
Rare anti-Nazi wartime poster becomes museum piece (Article no longer available from the original source)
Sam Weller is giving an anti-Nazi wartime poster to the Imperial War Museum after founding out it is very rare. He bought the Hungarian poster 15 years ago from a mystery man, for £10. The arresting image shows a Nazi jackboot with its hobnails replaced by swastikas and the word `Nem!` above, Hungarian for `No`. On a visit to the Imperial War Museum in London, to see Weapons of Mass Communications exhibition, he asked whether they had any record of his poster. Research by museum experts has revealed that it is very rare, created in protest at the occupation of Hungary by Nazi forces in 1944.
World stage beckons for German resistance to Adolf Hitler (Article no longer available from the original source)
More than 60 years after a group of Wehrmacht officers tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler, international recognition that has eluded them may soon be on its way - despite resistance from Germany. Some commentators have struggled to grasp why a German ministry denied the film producers access to historical sites because of Cruise`s links to Scientology, tempting accusations the country has not learned from its past. Codenamed "Operation Valkyrie," the officers` plan to topple the Nazi leadership hinged on killing Hitler in his "Wolf`s Lair" bunker. A briefcase bomb planted by Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg killed 4, but Hitler escaped largely unhurt.
Georg Else - The man who tried to kill Adolf Hitler
In autumn 1938 Georg Else started taking small amounts of explosives from the factory. He knew that Adolf Hitler visited the Buergerbraukeller pub in Munich every year on 8th and 9th Nov to celebrate the anniversary of the Nazi putsch of 1923. He travelled to Munich, inspected the pub and saw Hitler arrive and then traveled back home. In March 1939 Georg resigned. From 5th August until 6th November he ate at the Buergerbrau. At closing time he hid in a cupboard. He was able to work for 4 hours, then left with the arrival of the first customers. In 3 months, he had hollowed out a pillar big enough to house a time bomb...
Anthony M. Brooks, Undercover Foe of Nazis, Dies at 85
Anthony M. Brooks, who led a network of saboteurs who delayed German reinforcements for weeks after the Normandy invasion, died at 85. He parachuted into France in July 1942 as a British undercover agent dispatched to France to aid the anti-Nazi resistance - part of a special force that Churchill assigned to "set Europe ablaze." He was told that half the force’s members would be killed, but he chose not to carry a gun. Brooks received the Distinguished Service Order as sabotage by his network of Resistance fighters succeeded in bringing railway transit to a stop, preventing German troops from moving as Allied forces pressed south after D-Day, on June 6, 1944.
The German Anti-War Movement, 1943
In "The German Opposition to Hitler", Hans Rothfels reports that a Gestapo officer said in 1939 that over 2,000 boys and girls were organized into opposition to the Third Reich. Neuweid camp was exclusively reserved for boys. 1943 Gauleiter of Bavaria took female students to task for wasting their time in the classroom when they should be doing their duty to bring forth sons for the Fatherland. If they were not pretty enough then he would provide them with willing studs. At this point, a number of women made for the exit doors. When the gauleiter ordered them arrested, an even larger group of men rose to their feet and secured their release.
Killing Hilter - The numerous attempts to assassinate Adolf Hitler
Few leaders have been the target of so many assassination attempts. Hitler’s almost 50 would-be assassins ranged from simple craftsmen to high-ranking soldiers, from Resistance fighters to patriotic Wehrmacht officers, and from enemy agents to his closest associates. Explaining why the British at one time declared that assassinating Hitler would be "unsporting," and why the ruthless Joseph Stalin was unwilling to order his death. It is also the remarkable story of the survival of a tyrant against all the odds, a dictator whose repeated escapes from almost certain death convinced him that he was invincible.
What happened to the British led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary
“Sword of the Turul,” by Catherine Eva Schandl, tells the true story of how the British-led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary was secretly imprisoned by the NKVD and abandoned by the British intelligence service after WWII. The only thing missing from the book is names. The author is now disclosing the real names of: the Hungarian leader of her father Karoly’s resistance group, one of the group members who also ended up in Vladimir prison, and the arrested Dutch lieutenant who was working for Raoul Wallenberg.
Rothemund Discusses Sophie Scholl, Nazi Germany
Marc Rothemund isn`t the first German director to film the story of Sophie Scholl, a 21-year-old student executed in 1943 after she was arrested for distributing anti-Nazi leaflets. What distinguishes new version is the use of the original transcripts of her interrogation by the Gestapo, which until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 were hidden away in East German archives. Sophie was member of the White Rose, a student resistance group that sought the downfall of Hitler`s regime. Just four days after their arrests, both were killed by guillotine following a grotesque show trial.