Anti-semitism in Nazi Germany and after the war.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.
Hitler`s first antisemitic writing - a 1919 document - bought by Holocaust organisation for £100,000
The first known document in which Adolf Hitler wrote about the "irrevocable removal" of Jews has been bought by the LA Holocaust museum for £100,000 and will go on display at the Museum of Tolerance. The 1919 paper, known as the "Gemlich Letter" was sent to Adolf Gemlich who was in charge of the post-WWI German army. Writing about the "Jewish Question" Hitler describes Jews as being "like a racial tuberculosis" and that there needs to be an "elimination of the privileges of the Jews" and calls for an "Aliens Law. The ultimate objective of such legislation must, however, be the irrevocable removal of the Jews in general."
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
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Documentary film Paper Nazis explores prewar anti-Semitism in Winnipeg, Canada, in the 1930s
Filmmaker Andrew Wall wanted to know the answer to the question "were Jews discriminated against at Victoria Beach in the 1940s"? The result: "Paper Nazis", a documentary film that explores the rise and fall of two anti-Semitic extremist groups in Winnipeg in the 1930s: the Nazi movement and the Canadian Nationalist Party.
"The anti-Semitism of that time struck me as unbelievable. I couldn't believe it happened in Canada."
And what about that rumor about Victoria Beach? In 1943, when a Jewish family tried to buy a cottage, a local newspaper published an article: "Unwanted people: A Reminder to Property Owners and Agents".
Unfortunately, not many people realize how much there was anti-Semitism in the North America in the 1930s. For example in the United States Jews, like the Black, were the last to be hired and the first to be fired. Anti-Jewish restrictions in ads reached their highest level in history in the US in the 1930s. The subject is rarely brought up, since it reveals the nasty fact that while the Nazi Party was just trying to gain power, the freedom loving democracies were fully engaged in racist practices.
Marketing Holocaust and anti-semitism to Children in Nazi Germany
The full-scale Nazi campaign against the Jews began with the creation of Josef Goebbels' Ministry of Propaganda in 1933. School children were bombarded with anti-Semitic mass media. A teacher's guide, Heredity and Racial Science for Elementary and Secondary Schools, stated that: "The genetic, physical, and spiritual characteristics of the Jew are so foreign and different to us that any association with a Jew must be rejected...[especially] by the smallest, simplest child."
Exhibit recalls how American Jewish soldiers had to fight the anti-Semitism in the U.S., before taking on the Nazis
Jewish soldiers' dog tags in the U.S. Army had the letter "H" for "Hebrew" - getting them regularly into fights with their fellow soldiers. That's one of stories you'll learn at the "Ours to Fight For: American Jews in the Second World War" -exhibit, which will be on show through May 8, 2011, at the National World War II Museum.
Six Million Crucifixions: How Christian Teachings about Jews Paved the Road to the Holocaust (book review)
2000 years of Christian anti-Semitism provided the "nitroglycerin" for the "dynamite" of the Final Solution: "The Nazis simply had to light the match," argues Gabriel Wilensky. His book details the anti-Semitism throughout the Europe's history since the birth of Christianity. This concise narrative - filled with pictures, charts, and lists of anti-Semitic papal pronouncements - places medieval drawings next to Nazi propaganda to reveal their similarities. From Augustine to the crusades, Inquisition, and Reformation, Wilensky documents the hatred on which the Nazis drew to carry out the Holocaust.
All-American hero Charles Lindbergh urged the US to back Hitler, and blamed the Jews for the start of war
The voice coming out of radios across America 70 years ago was calm. Millions tuned in to listen – for the speaker was the nation's golden boy - aviator Charles Lindbergh. Whenever "Lindy" spoke, America listened, because this was the man who 13 years earlier had amazed the world by flying 4,000 miles from Long Island to Paris. Then in 1932, he received lots of sympathy after his son was kidnapped and murdered. But now Lindbergh had become a leader of the anti-war America First movement, urging his country to keep out of the fight against the Third Reich - and later blaming the Jews for the outbreak of war.
The Nobel judge who dined with Hitler: How racism of one Nobel judge kept the prize from Albert Einstein
Famous Swedish scientist Sven Hedin explored Central Asia and Mongolia in the early 1900s. Among the 150-plus books he wrote were atlases of Central Asia - Chinese Government still uses his maps to build railways. 1905-1949 Hedin was one of 18 judges on the Nobel Prize Committee. In the 1930s he admired Adolf Hitler and often met him. "Whenever I wanted to see Hitler I would call Prince Wissen of the German embassy... Hitler was a hypnotic talker, a fascinating man. I also made friends with Goebbels, Himmler, Goering and Doenitz." In 1946 Hedin revealed that Nobel committee members were prejudiced and vain: The anti-Semitism kept the prize from Albert Einstein.
Book explores reasons why Adolf Hitler hated Jews
Adolf Hitler's fierce hatred for Jews was sparked after WWI, claims a new book by historian Ralf-George Reuth, who argues the Nazi dictator blamed them for both the Russian revolution and the collapse of the German economy. In "Hitler's Jewish Hatred; Cliché and Reality" Reuth argues that what was lower middle-class bigotry shared by many at the time, turned into deadly hatred for Hitler after 1919. At the time nearly half of all German private banks were Jewish owned, the stock exchange dominated by Jewish stockbrokers, almost half of the nation's newspapers were Jewish run as were 80% of chain stores. It became fashionable to blame Jewish financiers.
The Third Reich in the Ivory Tower: Complicity and Conflict on American Campuses
A new book studies American colleges' links to Nazi Germany in the 1930s - marked by indifference and collaboration. "In the case of [American] higher education, it's a very shameful record of complicity and indifference to atrocities committed against the Jews from 1933 onward - and actually a lot of collaboration... participating in well-organized student exchange programs, participating in well-orchestrated Nazi festivals in Germany," says history professor Stephen H. Norwood, depicting university leaders indifferent to a barbaric regime abroad because of their own anti-Semitism (maintaining quota barriers against Jewish students).
American corporate complicity and Adolf Hitler's Final Solution
Who gave Adolf Hitler the basis for turning centuries of hatred into a new twentieth century political anti-Semitism? It was Henry Ford, who bought a failed newspaper, which serialized the Protocols of the Elders of Zion for 91 weeks. Then he published the series as a book, The International Jew. Adolf Hitler read his work at least two years before Mein Kampf was written. No wonder Ford got Hitler's German Eagle medal. Who gave Hitler the principles to justify a war to achieve a master race with the duty to kill all inferior races? It was the American Carnegie Institution, which set up science programs in post-WW1 Germany, to teach the deadly race science of eugenics.
Anti-Semitism got its roots hundreds of years ago before Adolf Hitler
The term anti-Semitism was coined by German journalist Wilhelm Marr in 1879. He also set up the League of Anti-Semites. Throughout the 19th century bitterness towards the Jews continued to rise, partly because Jews had began to move up in society when they had won rights. When the May Laws of 1882 forced Jews to leave their towns and move into cities, many started to involve in the socialist movement. During the communist revolution in Bavaria in 1919, many Jews were prominent in this activity. Soon the term Judeobolshevism was created as anti-Bolshevism mixed with anti-Semitism.
American fascist movement leader Lawrence Dennis was black
Lawrence Dennis was a leading light in the American fascist movement of the 1930s. He was a fan of Adolf Hitler and a self-avowed anti-semite. Now a book "The Colour of Fascism" by Gerald Horne reveals that he was black - although even his wife didn't know. Lawrence Dennis was the brains behind American fascism. He attended the Nuremberg rallies, had an audience with Mussolini, and met Nazi leaders; throughout the 1930s he provided the intellectual ballast for America's pro-fascist movement. But though his work was well known by the elite on both sides of the Atlantic, there was one fact about him that has never emerged until now: he was black.
What was Nazis' ultimate motivation for committing the atrocities (Article no longer available from the original source)
The question that every student of the Holocaust wants answered — the deceivingly simple "Why?" Even after 60 years of research and a library of more than 20,000 volumes, we still grope for the explanation. Actions have been well documented, but we have yet to reach any consensus on the Nazis' motivation for committing them. "The Jewish Enemy" by Jeffrey Herf poses the question: "Why did European, especially German, anti-semitism, which had never led to an effort to murder all before, do so between 1941 and 1945 in the midst of WWII? What changed to make it a rationale for mass murder rather than for a continuation of centuries-old persecution?"
After the Nazi defeat, Polish citizens started pogroms
Professor Jan T. Gross has written a book, "Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz", it shows in detail how Polish citizens of all classes set upon the remaining Jews in their communities and murdered them outright. During the 1946 Kielce pogrom, soldiers who were called to the scene to restore order instead tossed women out of windows. Townspeople finished off those not yet dead. He supplies witnesses, court testimony (most of the killers got off), letters, diaries, films. All tell the same story: Anti-Semitism was so embedded in Poland that even the outrages of Auschwitz did not dissuade Polish population from the murderous project.
Prince Harry's Nazi gaffe sparked anti-Semitism: report (Article no longer available from the original source)
Prince Harry's much-criticized gaffe of wearing a Nazi uniform to a costume party helped to trigger 10 anti-Semitic attacks on Britain's Jews, a report says. The Community Security Trust (CST) also said comments by London mayor Ken Livingstone had contributed to anti-Semitic incidents. Prince Harry, sparked outrage when he was pictured wearing a Nazi uniform at a costume party 2 weeks before Holocaust memorial celebrations. Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana, later apologized. "This revelation and the ensuing furor were the trigger for 10 anti-Semitic incidents in which the perpetrators made direct reference to Prince Harry," the report said.
Anti-Semitic exhibit is uneasy reminder (Article no longer available from the original source)
The exhibit in the basement of the Jewish museum has the feel of a cozy antique shop or an old-fashioned apartment. But a closer look at the paintings, paperweights, pipes and other knickknacks reveals something chilling: They are all anti- Semitic, featuring large, crooked noses and other unflattering caricatures of Jews. "In the 80 years before Hitler, people in Germany, in Austria, in France, lived with anti-Semitism in their everyday lives," Finkelstein says.
Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany: Christian Nationalism, Anti-Semitism
The Nazis and Adolf Hitler are commonly thought of as representing the antithesis of Christianity and Christian values. If that's true, why did tens of millions of German Christians adore Hitler, join the Nazis, and participate in the Holocaust (among other atrocities)? Hitler and the Nazis promoted a Christian nationalism, anti-communism, anti-Semitism, and return to traditional values which most Christians appreciated. The Nazi party platform specifically endorsed 'positive' Christianity.