Otto Rahn: Meet the Nazi Indiana Jones behind the Third Reichās Hunt for the Holy Grail
Heinrich Himmler soon summoned Otto Rahn to a private meeting during which he expressed his admiration for the authorās work and offered to bankroll his future research on the condition that he produce another book by 1937 and third by 1939. Rahn accepted, though he must have known he was making a deal with the devil and his life would never be the same. Almost immediately, Rahn noticed that he and those closest to him were under surveillance. āWhat was I supposed to do, turn him down?ā he later confided to a friend.
Conceived under the Nazis, completed after WWII: ĆberlĆ¤ufer films
What happened to the films in production in 1945 in Nazi Germany that were not finished before the end of World War II? A look at the legacy of the so-called ĆberlĆ¤ufer films.
How the film industry under the Nazis survived until the very end
On May 8, 75 years ago, the Germans surrendered and WWII was over. Yet, even right until the end of the war, Germans were still going to the movies, enjoying films commissioned by the Nazis.
Culture in Nazi Germany by Michael H. Kater
Michael Kater, the Research Professor Emeritus of History at York University in Toronto, is the pre-eminent cultural historian of Nazi Germany, and this volume, his 11th, represents a grand synthesis of his work to date. Kater notes in the preface that there is no single volume that systematically examines the culture of the Third Reich, and this book fills the gap admirably.
Nazi design, from megalomaniac to kitsch
The Volkswagen Beetle, the swastika or Leni Riefenstahl's films: A museum in the Netherlands presents the first major retrospective of design of the Third Reich, showing how Nazis used it as a propaganda instrument.
16,000 Artworks the Nazis labeled Degenerate Art: The Complete Historic Inventory Is Now Online
Now, thanks to the Victoria and Albert Museum, we know which works of art the Nazis condemned. "The V&A holds the only known copy of a complete inventory of 'Entartete Kunst' confiscated by the Nazi regime from public institutions in Germany, mostly during 1937 and 1938," says the museum's site. "The list of more than 16,000 artworks was produced by the Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda (Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda) in 1942 or thereabouts. It seems that the inventory was compiled as a final record, after the sales and disposals of the confiscated art had been completed in the summer of 1941."
Hitlers Hollywood - German Cinema in the Age of Propaganda: 1933-1945
Kino Lorbers Hitlers Hollywood: German Cinema in the Age of Propaganda: 1933-1945, culling from over 1,000 movies of the period, is provocative, not just because of the intrinsic value of its content but also because of the haunting horrors we know were unfolding during that period. Viewers, to mostly good effect, are hit with a downpour of footage.
The Third Reich on Screen, 1929-2015, by Bob Herzberg
Although books about Nazis and film are not rare, Bob Herzberg gives us a thoughtful, occasionally subversive look how the Nazi regime portrayed itself and was portrayed by others from the rise of the in the movement in the 1920s, through its domination Germany, the Second World War, and thence down to the present.
How Germany deals with over 40 troublesome Nazi propaganda films today
Over 40 Nazi propaganda films have been listed as restricted in Germany and can only legally be screened under special conditions. Film expert Anne Siegmayer explains why that's still a good idea.
New projects seeks Nazi-looted books found in German libraries
A man in California holds a book in his hand. It contains a dedication from his former school teacher. The elderly man was the only member of his family to survive the Holocaust. Beyond a family photo and one item of clothing, the book is the only thing that he has from his former home country. He has tears in his eyes. The book was returned to him, its rightful owner. "Such moments are truly filled with happiness, because we see that all of our work is really worth it," says Uwe Hartmann, head of provenance research at the German Lost Art Foundation in Magdeburg. The Lost Art Foundation has organized a program called "Initial Check" in order to enable the search for stolen books in smaller German libraries.
Nazis looted 200 million books - unlike art theft, it wasn't for profit
The scale of book theft during the World War II is immense, far dwarfing the already boggling numbers of Nazi art theft. While some have estimated the 5 million art objects changed hands inappropriately during the World War II, most of them stolen or appropriated by the Nazis, few have discussed the Nazi practice of looting books, rare and otherwise, from the libraries of conquered Europe. `The Book Thieves,` a new book by Swedish journalist Anders Rydell, focuses on just this. Beyond the book burnings, book theft was engaged in on an unimaginable scale.
Kristina Söderbaum, the Nazi Marilyn Monroe: Goebbels had very nice eyes, but he was a devil!
In the early 1990s, I interviewed Germans who had risen to prominence in the film industry under the Nazis. I met Leni Riefenstahl`s cameraman, the composer who wrote Lili Marleen, and the woman who could be called the Nazi Marilyn Monroe, Kristina Söderbaum. Söderbaum claimed Joseph Goebbels, head of Nazi propaganda, didn`t much like her. His taste ran to dark-haired actresses. Hitler, on the other hand, was always very pleasant to her. `I found it ridiculous to be filming when the enemy was coming nearer and nearer. One knew about the war and everything that was happening. Then, to stand in front of the camera, I felt like an idiot.`
Heil Honey I`m Home: A sitcom about Hitler was taken off the air after the first episode
Heil Honey I`m Home! was a British sitcom written by Geoff Atkinson and produced in 1990. It was broadcast by the then-young British Satellite Broadcasting Company in 1990 on its Galaxy comedy station. On September 30, 1990, British Satellite Broadcasting aired a single episode of Heil Honey I`m Home, a Nazi-themed sitcom featuring fictionalized versions of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun. They live next door to a Jewish couple, Arny, and Rosa Goldenstein. The show spoofs elements of mid-20th century American sitcoms and is driven by Hitler`s inability to get along with his neighbors
Hitler's philosophers: some of Germany`s greatest minds became enthusiastic supporters of the Third Reich
Until 1933 there had been hundreds of Jewish academics, including philosophers, in universities across Germany. In the year that Hitler became chancellor, more than 1,600 scholars were expelled from their posts. They included some influential philosophers like Edmund Husserl and also Karl Jaspers. In the wake of this purge, there is almost no evidence of any opposition from Aryan` philosophers no letters, campaigns or protests. As one commentator expressed it: `Their silence was strong.` The expulsion of so many Jews left a considerable number of jobs vacant, and the standard required to obtain these was vastly reduced. The remaining philosophers quickly spotted the opportunities.
Too Soon Documentary Explores Holocaust Humor
How should we feel about jokes about the Holocaust? That is the question posed by the new documentary The Last Laugh. The film includes interviews with Jewish comedians and a cinema verite portrait of an elderly Holocaust survivor, Renee Firestone, who didn`t let the Nazis take her sense of humor. Director Ferne Pearlstein not only explores the limits of free speech and humor today, she also explores how the Shoah victims and survivors used humor to heal and protect themselves. In the movie, a survivor discusses how they would mock the orders from the guards.
Hermann Göring`s personal art log is a twisted treasure map
The folder is gray, archival, tied with a small, neat ecru ribbon. Jotted in pencil is a notation: `Collection GOERING, inventaire des peintures.` Inside is a ledger, brittle with age but well preserved, its handwritten notations spanning 200-odd pages and 11 years. The first is from April 1933: a listing for a Venus painted in oil on wood by Jacopo de` Barbari, purchased in Rome for twelve thousand lira, displayed in a private office of Carinhall, the hunting estate outside Berlin belonging to the Nazi second in command, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring. 1375 paintings follow this Venus, all of them carefully recorded: date of receipt, title of painting, painter, description, collection of origin, and destination.
Bronze horses stolen from outside Hitler's centre of power in Berlin recovered
A pair of horses which once stood outside Hitler's Reich Chancellery in Berlin has been recovered by police raiding a Nazi black market art ring. One of them was a 16ft by 33ft mammoth granite relief by favoured Nazi artist Arno Breker. The horses once stood on either side of the stairs into the chancellery that Hitler had built in Berlin as the centre of Third Reich power. It was reduced to rubble by Allied bombing and the shells of the invading Red Army. What remained of its collapsing walls was looted by the Soviets to make a war memorial to its fallen soldiers in Berlin before they blew it up. The horses, constructed by artist Josef Thorak, were seized by the Red Army and it was assumed they had long ago been melted down.
The Nazis` 10 Control-Freak Rules for Jazz Performers: A Strange List from World War II
While it`s no great surprise that Nazis hated jazz, it seems they expressed their disapproval in a very oddly specific way, at least in the recollection of Czech writer Josef Skvorecky. He recounts from memory a set of ten bizarre regulations issued by a Gauleiter, a regional Nazi official, that bound local dance orchestras during the Czech occupation. (1) Pieces in foxtrot rhythm (so-called swing) are not to exceed 20% of the repertoires of light orchestras and dance bands. (4) o-called jazz compositions may contain at most 10% syncopation; the remainder must consist of a natural legato movement devoid of the hysterical rhythmic reverses characteristic of the barbarian races and conductive to dark instincts alien to the German people (so-called riffs).
Why did my grandfather translate Mein Kampf?
Whenever I tell anyone that my Irish grandfather translated Hitler's Mein Kampf, the first question tends to be, "Why did he do that?" Quickly followed by, "Was he a Nazi?" Simply answered, No he wasn't a Nazi (more on that later) and why not translate it? He was a journalist and translator based in Berlin in the 1930s and that's how he earned his money. And surely it was important for people to know what Europe's "Great Dictator" was about?
Swedish documentary examines the Third Reich`s notion of perfection and beauty
Frankly, the parade is exquisite. The marchers wear clean, crisp uniforms. They hold their banners high. Enormous sculptures of horses and men loom over the procession. It`s footage from German Arts Dayin 1939. A march in celebration of the Nazi aesthetic. `The governmenthalf of which consists of men who once aspired to serve the artsis conscious of the artist`s role as an intermediary,` the narrator says, quoting famed Nazi literati Hans-Friedrich Blunck. The footage plays at the beginning of Architecture of Doom, a 1989 Swedish documentary from writer-director Peter Cohen that explores Hitler`s idea of beautyand the terrible things he would do to realize it.
Remarkable Untouched 1942 Apartment Discovered In Paris
It was owned by Madame de Florian who fled to the South of France during the second world war, leaving everything behind. She never came back to Paris but kept on paying her rent until the day she died when she was 91.
Documentary film "Nazi Titanic: Revealed" tells the story of the big budget Nazi film which was never shown in the Third Reich
It's the most bizarre telling of the Titanic story a big budget Nazi film by propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. Titanic, conceived in 1940, depicted Britain as a society ruled by greedy plutocrats. Now the story of its making has come to light with a new documentary film, "Nazi Titanic: Revealed". But like the doomed liner, the film itself met a calamitous end. Never shown in Nazi Germany, its director was found hanged by his own braces, most likely murdered by the Gestapo. And the ship that took the role of the Titanic, the Cap Arcona, was later sunk with 5,000 concentration camp prisoners on board.
Novel "The Kindly Ones," which portrayed Holocaust criminals as intelligent and cultured, takes to German stages as a play
Jonathan Littel's novel, "The Kindly Ones," broke old cliches about Holocaust criminals by portraying an intelligent and cultured but brutal Nazi. Now as a play, the story engages audiences in rethinking the past.
350 bestsellers from the Third Reich analyzed
What did Germans read during the Nazi era? In search of the answer, author Christian Adam surveyed 350 bestsellers from the Third Reich - making striking discoveries in the process. In addition to well-known propaganda books like Adolf Hitler's "Mein Kampf" and Alfred Rosenberg's "The Myth of the Twentieth Century," there were regional novels, science fiction, mysteries, love stories, joke books and cross-media marketed accompaniments to radio programs and films.
Dresden exhibition sheds light on Nazi policies on Germany's opera houses and theaters
The impact of Nazi "cleansing" policies on Germany's opera houses and theaters has mostly been left unstudied - until now. An exhibition called "Silenced Voices" - at the Semperoper in Dresden until July 13 - offers an in-depth look at persecution of artists and musicians.
Biography reveals that German feminist writer Luise Rinser, who became a postwar anti-Fascist icon in Italy, was a Nazi
A new biography of German feminist novelist Luise Rinser (1911-2002) reveals that she was a Nazi until her arrest by the Third Reich authorities in 1944. Her leftist views and her tales of how she opposed the Nazis made her an anti-fascist icon in Italy, where she lived after the war. However, the new biography by Jose Sanchez de Murillo turned up evidence that as a "committed Nazi schoolteacher," she denounced the Jewish principal of her school to the Nazis to get herself a promotion - and that she was a coach in a Nazi youth organization for girls (Bund Deutscher Mädel, BDM).
And the Show Went On: Cultural Life in Nazi-Occupied Paris by Alan Riding (book review)
In what was one of the darkest period in the history of France, the theaters, cinemas and cabarets in Paris never slowed down. During the 4 years in which France was under Nazi occupation, artists painted; musicians performed; and authors, poets and playwrights produced work at a pace that reflected Paris's fame as a cultural beacon. It was in the interest of both conqueror and vanquished that the French cultural life flourished: For the Nazi occupiers the activities offered a distraction for the Parisians and themselves, while for the French it offered a source of pride after the Wehrmacht had walked over the French Armies.
The Life of Irène Némirovsky, 1903-1942 by Olivier Philipponnat and Patrick Lienhardt (book review)
October 1929, a manuscript arrives at the Paris publisher Grasset, who stays up all night, amazed by the novel. But who is the author of David Golder? Only at the end of November, a young woman enters the office: "Forgive me for not coming sooner. I've just had a baby. I'm the author of David Golder: Irčne Némirovsky." She had arrived in France 10 years earlier from Kiev where she - as a Russian-Jew - had lived through the pogroms ("Lynch the Jews, save Russia") and seen how a danger can rapidly "wipe out centuries of civilisation". In 1940, after the Nazi occupation, she would see the same thing happen in France.
Revealed: The lightweight reading choices of the Nazi leaders and popular books in the Third Reich
While the Nazi leaders posed as intellectuals reading tomes about race, culture and war, their aides reveal how they only ever saw "entertainments" stacked in studies or on bedside tables. Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goering liked Jules Verne, while Hitler favoured the works of Karl May. SS boss Heinrich Himmler read Jules Verne, Jack London, Hermann Hesse and Alexander Dumas. Christian Adam - who researched the reading habits of the Nazi elite for his book "Reading under Hitler: Authors, Best-sellers and Readers in the Third Reich" - says the popularity of escapist literature grew as the war went on.
Nazi gold, meant for the great temple of the Third Reich, dazzles in a New Jersey Center
If things had turned out better for nazi architect Albert Speer, Nuremberg would have an oversize culture palace topped off by a dome covered in golden tiles. Unlike the Zeppelin Stadium, where millions rallied during the Nazi events, it was never built, but Speer ordered large amount of little tiles before he was diverted by his duties as a minister of armaments. The Speer's tiles, which survived the war in the storage of the architectural glass and mosaic firm Franz Mayer of Munich, recently became part of a radiant mosaic created by artist Michele Oka Doner for a center in Newark, New Jersey.
Berlin's Admiralspalast theater showing The Producers by Mel Brooks
Admiralspalast theater will break new ground by presenting the first production in Germany of the Mel Brooks musical "The Producers." But some reviewers say Germany isn't ready for tap-dancing stormtroopers and a camp Hitler singing "Heil Myself." The Admiralspalast theater, which until recently had a huge Führer's Box, is taking a risk by staging a play featuring the blonde maidens wearing oversized Brezels and sausages on their heads as the lead tenor stormtrooper sings "Look out, here comes the master race" in the former capital of the Third Reich.
German publisher releases historical study of own Nazi past
The DuMont Media Group in Cologne has become the first newspaper consortium to publish a historical study of its own actions in the Third Reich. The work is a portrayal of a dark age for freedom of the press. The study, by historian Manfred Pohl, is entitled M. DuMont Schauberg: A Newspaper Publisher's Fight for Independence Under the Nazi Dictatorship. The book concentrates on the then head of the family-owned publishing company, Kurt Neven DuMont. DuMont, although a Nazi Party member as of 1937, did not actively support Nazi regime, but his newspapers were step by step assimilated into the Third Reich establismented.
Adolf Hitler returns to front page as Nazi era papers hit the streets
The headlines jumping out from German newsstands were shocking, if a little dated: "Hitler Chancellor of the Reich!" was the lead story on the front of Der Angriff. Masterminded by a British publisher, replicas of original Nazi-era newspapers are being re-created and are going on sale across Germany - The current issue is focused on Jan. 30, 1933, when Hitler came to power. The weekly publication costs 3.90 euros. The start-up print run is 300,000 and kiosks in Berlin are reporting good sales. "Ah, you want the Nazi papers," said the owner of a newsstand on the upmarket Kurfürstendamm, reaching up to the top shelf where she keeps "special interest" magazines.
As Europe's cultural capital 2009, the Austrian city of Linz faces Nazi past
Linz is ready for a year in the spotlight as one of Europe's capitals of culture. The small town is using the chance to confront to its past as Adolf Hitler's favorite city. But besides using the chance to deal with the fact that Adolf Hitler planned to make Linz a major cultural center of the Third Reich, the steel town along the Danube river will offer a host of offbeat cultural projects geared towards a wide public. While few Austrians know about the medieval alleys of the historical center, most link Linz with voestalpine AG, the steel producer that was set up as part of Nazi Germany's industrial complex in 1938, after Austria was seized by the German Reich.
Hitler's Dancers: German Modern Dance and the Third Reich - Book review
The Nazis burned books and banned much modern art, but dance was the exception. Modern expressive dance found favor with the Nazi regime and particularly with Joseph Goebbels. How dance artists co-operated with Nazism reveals an aspect of modernism, reveals the bizarre bureaucracy which controlled culture and tells the stories of figures who became ardent Nazis and lied about it later. "Hitler's dancers" offers 3 perspectives: dancer Lilian Karina tells her story; the dance historian Marion Kant records the interaction of modern dance and the totalitarian state; and a documentary appendix provides a glance into the twisted reality created by Nazis.
Adolf Hitler planned Big Brother style tv-show to broadcast Nazi propaganda
Adolf Hitler was on the verge of setting up a cable TV system to broadcast Nazi propaganda around Third Reich. Screens would have been set up in public places, claims a Russian documentary citing files and tapes found in the ruins of Berlin. When the Allies overran Nazi Germany, engineers were on the point of a breakthrough to allow TV pictures to be transmitted to screens. Prototype programs included Family Chronicles: An Evening With Hans And Gelli, a reality TV show showing the wholesome Aryan life of a German couple. A SS officer, Curt Schulmeitser, told how Hermann Fegelein, a relative of Hitler's mistress Eva Braun, was filmed being shot for trying to flee Berlin.
Television Under the Swastika - DVD documentary review
Television Under the Swastika: Unseen Footage from the Third Reich (1999) is a documentary about the medium's development under Nazi Germany from 1935-1944. Though WWII documentaries from time to time mention pre-war Germany's toying with tv technology, Michael Kloft's film (released to German tv as Das Fernsehen unter dem Haken kreuz) makes clear they produced the first regular tv broadcasts in the world, up to 4 hours a day. Technically they were ahead of every other country, trying to make tv a practical reality and by the late-1930s made tremendous technical advances, which American TV achieved 10-15 years later.
3,000 aerial photographs reveal full destruction by allied bombers
A newly discovered collection of 3,000 aerial photos of Nazi Germany before and during the allied bombing campaign reveals the lost heritage. Experts say a wooden box full of negatives found in Kiel is "spectacular", "unique" and "inventory of 1940s Germany" - revealing how systematic the allied bombing policy was. The pictures, now digitalised, were ordered by the Nazis to help to rebuild German cities once Third Reich had conquered Europe. The photos, taken diagonally with special cameras from low-flying aircraft, offer detailed views of buildings. They focus on Germany's inner cities, which are shown in their full baroque and gothic grandness.
Nietzsche's work and his grave was hijacked by his anti-Semitic sister
Two gravestones stand side by side in the village of Röcken: one belongs to Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the most misunderstood philosophers; the other marks the grave of his sister Elisabeth, an anti-Semite who hijacked her brother's writings and used them to promote Nazism. Nietzsche opposed German nationalism, as he rejected all mass movements, and he mocked the idea of a Teutonic master race. Now bulldozers are preparing to dig up the town, to get at the seam of coal that runs beneath. Nietzsche and his sister may have to move. Villagers say exhuming their famous son would be profanation.
Poland rejects call to return German artworks, cultural treasures
Poland has rejected calls to return a collection of German cultural treasures held in Polish archives since the end of World War II. "All... objects of German origin that found themselves on Polish territory ... were taken over by the Polish state on the basis of the appropriate legal acts." Frankfurter Allegemeine Zeitung criticized Poland for not returning treasures from the Prussian State Library. The Nazis transferred the Prussian collection from Berlin to 29 places to protect it from Allied bombing. 500 boxes were hidden at the Ksiaz Castle in the Sudety mountains, and later moved further south, ending up on Polish soil when the border was shifted west.
Third Reich art - Nazi Party funded artwork
The National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) was addicted to massive artistic displays to an extent that it still far surpasses the small budget for "arts" we earmark in the US. Millions of Reichsmarks were levied on stadiums, paintings, plays, broadcasts and movies. Adolf Hitler had instructed Albert Speer to transform Berlin into the cultural capital of Europe by what would have been the largest public works program in history. ...It created an odd schizophrenia where movies like "Snow White" or "The Virginian" competed in the same theaters with "Triumph of the Will" and jazz bands strained against the "Horst Wessel Song".
Lord Reith: The Hypocrite who built the BBC - Admirer of Adolf Hitler
As the founder of the BBC, Lord Reith has long been seen as a model of moral probity. Towering in stature and intellect, he is one of a handful of historical figures whose name has become an adjective - used to describe the high standards that he set for broadcasting. But behind the scenes all was not quite as it seemed. In the prelude to World War II, he expressed his deep admiration for Adolf Hitler and his detestation of Churchill. "Hitler continues his magnificent efficiency," he wrote in his diaries, when Prague was occupied in 1939. "My father shared many characteristics with Mussolini. He was dictatorial, ruthless and exploitative," says Marista.
Nazi foundation stone of Adolf Hitler's planned stadium restored (Article no longer available from the original source)
The foundation stone of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler's planned stadium is back into its original position at a Nuremberg park. Torchlit Nazi Party mass rallies held in the 1930s in the park were supposed to be only the beginning, with the stone laid in 1937 for a stadium that was intended to seat 400,000. The stadium was never built. After the war, the park was a source of shame to the city. In the past decade, the city has created a museum to explain the Nazis' evil philosophy and signposted an educational walk into history through the park. 1,500-metre long concrete apron used by the Nazis for military parades is now used as a car park.
Did intellectual and thinker Ernst Jünger help Adolf Hitler rise?
Ernst Jünger volunteered for service in WWI, during which he won him the Pour le Mérite, Germany's highest military decoration. After the war, his book Storm of Steel launched him on a literary career. He emerged from the trenches as a believer in national strength. Though he never gave his full allegiance to the Nazis, he was glad to accept military rank in the Wehrmacht, and wrote approvingly about the invasion of France. After the plot against Hitler's life in July 1944, he fell under suspicion, but his Pour le Mérite made him untouchable. He thought he was fulfilling his duty to civilized values merely by despising Hitler.
Disney and World War II - Emblems, posters and propaganda
Just prior to America's entry into the war, the U.S. Navy asked Disney Studios to assist in designing an emblem for one of the new American warships. The creation proved popular and further requests were made. Over the next 6 years Studios devoted 94% of its facilities to support the allied war effort through the creation of over 1,200 unit emblems, posters and designs for war bonds. It also produced short cartoons for propaganda purposes. According to Bruce B. Herman, an expert on military antiques, one German pilot painted an image of Mickey Mouse on his airplane. "It annoyed Walt Disney no end that the Nazis were using his creation."
Book about humor under the Nazis in Third Reich
A book about humor under the Nazis gives insights into life in the Third Reich and breaks yet another taboo in Germany's treatment of its history. Jokes were told quite openly in the yearly years of Third Reich era, but by the end of the war, a joke could get you killed. A Berlin munitions worker was convicted of undermining the war effort "through spiteful remarks" and executed in 1944 for telling this one: Hitler and Göring are standing on top of Berlin's radio tower. Hitler says he wants to do something to cheer up the people of Berlin. "Why don't you just jump?" suggests Göring.
"Library of burned books" to honor nazi-persecuted authors
It has been 73 years since the Nazis instituted their public book burnings in more than 50 cities. About 10,000 so-called "un-German" titles went up in flames and disappeared from public life. Most of the authors were persecuted and had to flee the country and some even murdered. Students in Nazi uniforms celebrated the book burnings while their professors stood nearby, an element the new project aims to explore.
Marlene Dietrich DVD: The Glamour Collection
With Marlene Dietrich: The Glamour Collection Universal taps into one of the biggest stars of the 1930s and one of the truly most glamorous women of the 20th century, a mysterious creature of a million male daydreams. Marlene Dietrich became the Trilby to Josef Von Sternberg's Svengali for a series of exotic romances. And she was one of the most beloved figures of WW2, reportedly associated with the song Lily Marlene by soldiers on both sides of the conflict in Europe.
The pencil "too slow" to ridicule Hitler (Article no longer available from the original source)
John Heartfield found the pencil "too slow" to ridicule Hitler, so he made his point with photo montages, as illustrated in a Getty show. In his effort to secure power, Adolf Hitler engaged in a fierce propaganda war. He not only had a minister of propaganda, the notorious Joseph Goebbels. He also had some shiny new tools at his disposal: public radio broadcasts and the new wide-circulation, photographically illustrated magazines. Hitler's opponents had a powerful weapon too, and his name was John Heartfield, who's most searing works were the 237 photomontages he made for the magazine Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung (Workers Illustrated News).
Secret files reveal WW2 problem of Nazi nobles (Article no longer available from the original source)
Newly-released papers show the scale of suspicion and fear around the British High Command during the Second World War. It has emerged that intelligence chiefs faced a dilemma over how many aristocrats with Nazi sympathies they should arrest, amid fears that interning too many would inflate their importance. MI5 spied on a god-daughter of the late King George V, Dowager Viscountess Dorothy Downe, noting her as a "most fanatical admirer of Hitler" and intercepting her mail.
Hitler wanted a bit of the Vatican in Berlin - Documents from a secret room
Adolf Hitler intended to recreate the Vatican's St Peter's Square in Berlin to honour his ally Benito Mussolini, newly discovered documents reveal. Albert Speer, the Nazi leader's chief architect, was commissioned to draw up the plans, which have been discovered by historians examining his papers. They had been stored in a secret room inside Moscow's Museum of Architecture after being taken to Russia at the end of WWII. There were over 200 boxes of files belonging to Speer, whose grand designs for the rebuilding of Nazi Berlin were already well known. But the plans for a new, Germanic version of St Peter's Square have stunned historians.
Hitler hand in advance of Hindi cinema
Indian cinema has a little-known connection with the rise of Hitler in Germany. An exhibition of posters from the German film studio UFA tells the strange story. It reveals how a group of men from Germany and countries invaded by Hitler flocked to India in the 30s to play pivotal roles in Hindi cinema and the arts of that time. The exhibition is a tribute to the German studio, which had to its credit classics like Ernst Lubitschs Carmen and Fritz Langs epic Metropolis and was claimed to have surpassed even contemporary Hollywood in might. But soon after Hitler took over in 1933, the studio turned into a Nazi propaganda machine.
Baupolizei - Nazi architectural police force (Article no longer available from the original source)
Research by Kevin Sprague focuses on 15 houses in the Berlin area designed and built by the renowned architects Hans Scharoun and Hugo H-ng between 1933-1939. The project explores the clash between the architects' modern design philosophies and the conservative Nazi architectural ideology and why the architects chose to remain in the Third Reich during a period when most of their colleagues fled the country. A central point of research is also the various interactions between the two architects and the Nazi architectural police force known as the Baupolizei.
Salvaged letters a record of Hitler's Germany
In 1938, as Hitler's Germany was generating fear around the world, Australia's Lutheran Church offered the option of passage to Australia. An article published in the London Times prompted a flood a desperate letters. Some of the letters and the stories of what happened to their writers are part of an exhibition which is opening today at Adelaide's Migration Museum. LETTER EXCERPT 1: In this utmost distress, I beg to ask you to enable me to land in Australia. LETTER EXCERPT 2: My only hope is that you may help me, to save first my existence.
Digitalized color photos - Nazi Art Project now Online
Thousands of colour photographs commissioned by Adolf Hitler are to be released on the internet at www.zi.fotothek.org, bringing back to life many of Germanys lost art treasures. Hitler, worried about damage being wrought by Allied bombers, ordered photographers to make records of frescoes in churches and palaces across Germany and occupied Europe. The decision, made after the defeat at Stalingrad in the winter of 1942-43, suggests that Hitler sensed that the war could no longer be won.
A Hitler propaganda blitz that misfired (Article no longer available from the original source)
A faked edition of the London Evening Standard created by the Nazis in an attempt to demoralise the British public revealed. Dated February 17 1940, it reports on 'The massacre of the RAF' and claims the Government has hushed up huge military losses. The newspaper has been gathering dust in MI5 files for decades. It is not known how or where it was discovered or whether it reached any readers in UK. But it, and other Nazi documents released with it, were ridiculed by historians as more worthy of Monty Python than the propaganda machine of an all-conquering dictator.