Hungary: Between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany - World War II and the aftermath.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: Militaria Collectors, Eastern Front, Battle of Stalingrad, Medals and Most Decorated Heroes.
Photos: Caves that Held a Secret Hungarian Aircraft Factory During World War II
In 1944 and 1945, the Allies were attacking the last supporter of Nazi Germany. Tens of thousands of tons of bombs were dropped on Hungarian ground targets, mostly by the B-24 Liberator and Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of the 15th Air Force. By the end of the World War II, the rain of incendiary and demolition bombs had wiped out all important industrial targets that fed the weakening war machine of the Third Reich–except one. The factory hiding under the 10th district of Budapest did not stop manufacturing fighter aircraft even during the most devastating air raids. The following photos were taken in the unbelievably huge system of cellars carved into limestone rock under the breweries of Kőbánya, Budapest.
Long-lost diary of Hungary`s fascist premier offers glimpse into an anti-Semitic mind
Tova Meir sat in one of the rooms of The Memorial Museum Of Hungarian Speaking Jewry in Safed, and browsed through a Budapest phonebook from 1944 looking for a shop where she used to work. Yet before she found what she was looking for, she froze. A random conversation next to her about a rare artifact that had arrived caught her attention: segments of the lost diary belonging to Ferenc Szálasi, the Hungarian PM during the end of the Second World War who formed the Arrow Cross Party. The discovery of the diary, or more precisely the copy of the original one that has yet to be found, surprised many Historians, who have tried to locate the missing diary entries.
Hungarian government, rail companies sued in U.S. court over role in Holocaust
Hungarian survivors of the Holocaust and families of the victims sued Hungary and its two rail companies in U.S. court, accusing them of collaborating with the Nazis to exterminate Jews. The lawsuit claims the Hungarian government and rail companies of seized property of Jews and transported them to ghettos and Nazi camps. The lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, seeks class-action status and unspecified damages. At least 300 survivors have been identified as possible members of the class, but there could be up to 5,000 members.
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
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Hungarian desert explorer Laszlo Almasy guided Nazi agents through the Sahara
In the 1930s, Laszlo Almasy set out to find the lost oasis of Zarzura - the mythical place mentioned in Arabian treasure books. He explored 2 million square kilometers of the Sahara, drawing maps and seeing places "that no human eye had seen." In 1942, Almasy guided Nazi agents into British-occupied Egypt in a mission known as "Operation Salam." The adventurer worked for the "Brandenburg Division," a legendary German unit that carried out raids behind enemy lines. Almasy`s diaries have disappeared, but reports he wrote for the Nazis were captured and are now locked away in the Imperial War Museum in London.
Nazi uniforms and memories of Gulag in House of Terror (Budapest, Hungary)
During the 20th Century, the Hungarian people were victims to two regimes which wrote their history in blood. The first was the Nazi regime, and the other one was the Communist regime. The link between them is a building at 60 Andrassy Boulevard. This is the address of a beautiful building in which awful crimes took place under the star and the Swastika. In 2002 it was turned into the "House of Terror" (Terror Haza). The tour of the museum starts on the second floor, where Nazi uniforms are on display. Almost all of the rooms have screens showing films, in which the victims tell of the horrific fate that they endured in both regimes.
Alleged war criminal Charles Zentai loses fight against extradition from Australia
Charles Zentai, accused of murdering a young man in World War II for not wearing the compulsory yellow star identifying him as a Jew, lost a court battle against extradition from Australia to Hungary. He is accused of beating to death Peter Balazs in 1944 in Budapest, while serving as a soldier in the army of his native Hungary, then allied with Nazi Germany. Zentai`s son put out a statement saying his father had not been in Budapest on the day of Balazs` death, and that he detested the Nazi occupation of Hungary. if Zentai is sent back, he would be the first Australian ever extradited over alleged war crimes.
WW2 photos - Military Musem, Gellert Hill Citadel, Budapest, Hungary
Photographs from the military museum located in the World War II bunker inside the Gellert Hill citadel in Budapest, Hungary.
Rare anti-Nazi wartime poster becomes museum piece (Article no longer available from the original source)
Sam Weller is giving an anti-Nazi wartime poster to the Imperial War Museum after founding out it is very rare. He bought the Hungarian poster 15 years ago from a mystery man, for Ł10. The arresting image shows a Nazi jackboot with its hobnails replaced by swastikas and the word `Nem!` above, Hungarian for `No`. On a visit to the Imperial War Museum in London, to see Weapons of Mass Communications exhibition, he asked whether they had any record of his poster. Research by museum experts has revealed that it is very rare, created in protest at the occupation of Hungary by Nazi forces in 1944.
Budapest, 1945: The Germans` last stand
The first Soviet battle tanks arrived at Buda on January 24, 1945, heading south from Budakeszi. The Germans’ commanding officer, SS General Karl von Pfeffer-Wildenbruch, was hoping to get Adolf Hitler’s permission to break out, putting together a mobile group from his last reserves. But Hitler denied a breakout and the mobile force was redeployed to shore up the Germans’ collapsing defences. On January 25 the Soviets mounted a new offensive on the central sector of the German defences, while the battle for Margit Island, which had raged since January 18 with awful loss of life on both sides, was eventually won by the Soviets on January 28.
Eastern Europeans slowly reappraising shameful WWII performance
A new generation of historians is looking beyond a fog of denial imposed for decades by the bygone Communist masters. A study by Krisztián Ungváry, military historian still in his 30s, based on fresh historical evidence describes the atrocities by the Hungarian occupation forces in Poland and Ukraine often with the connivance of local population. The book does not condone, but places into context, the organized mass rape and murder of civilians by the Soviet Army. "The time has come to clear the air between neighbors and to settle down to peace in our post-Soviet Europe." But his book The Hungarian Army in the Second World War have earned him death threats.
Was colonel general Kisbarnaki Farkas a war criminal
A colonel general who was stripped of his rank following a conviction in 1950 is to be reinstated posthumously, the Defence Ministry`s Rehabilitation Committee in Hungary has decided. It was announced that Ferenc Kisbarnaki Farkas would regain his rank. The decision has shone a spotlight on Kisbarnaki Farkas`s career, with historians disagreeing over the role he played in the Arrow Cross era. Kisbarnaki Farkas`s rehabilitation has no practical consequences, since the officer died in West Germany in 1980. The gesture has nonetheless proved controversial.
Wertheim survived Hungarian labor camps during WWII
John Wertheim survived the Hungarian labor camps during the German occupation of Budapest during World War II. During the occupation he escaped from captivity, only to be recaptured. He remained underground after his last escape. In addition to serving in the labor camps, Wertheim was sent to the eastern front, to face the Red Army -- shoeless and with only a wooden gun.
Hungary to brand a wartime antifascist hero as a criminal
62 years ago this week, Wehrmacht began its blood-soaked occupation of Hungary. The country soon turned into a battlefield in defence of the Third Reich. Admiral Miklos Horthy, appointed a Nazi-friendly prime minister, but real power was in the hands of Hitler`s resident Edmund Veesenmayer. The deportation of half a million Hungarian Jews to death camps was set in train. But these facts seemed to escape the notice of the supreme court of Hungary when it rehabilitated Laszlo Kristof, who was involved in the killing of an antifascist resistance leader, Endre Sagvari.
What happened to the British led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary
“Sword of the Turul,” by Catherine Eva Schandl, tells the true story of how the British-led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary was secretly imprisoned by the NKVD and abandoned by the British intelligence service after WWII. The only thing missing from the book is names. The author is now disclosing the real names of: the Hungarian leader of her father Karoly’s resistance group, one of the group members who also ended up in Vladimir prison, and the arrested Dutch lieutenant who was working for Raoul Wallenberg.
Russia returns Sarospatak library to Hungary
The State Duma has decided to hand over to Hungary antique books from the Sarospatak Library, which consists of 134 volumes. Before WWII it belonged to the Sarospatak Calvinist College of the Tisza Diocese of the Hungarian Reformed Church in Budapest. Although Hungary was a German ally in WWII (but was occupied by the Nazis later on), the Library was confiscated and transported from Budapest to the Third Reich. It was there that it fell into the hands of the 49th Army. Eventually, the books landed in the U.S.S.R., where the trophy collection became part of the Nizhny Novgorod research library.
Battle for Budapest - One hundred days of solitude (Article no longer available from the original source)
The WWII battle for Budapest took 108 days. The Soviet Army lost 80,026 killed and 240,056 wounded. Estimated Hungarian and German casualties were 48,000 dead, 26,000 wounded. By comparison, the Leningrad siege lasted 900 days, but the fighting was not in the city, as it was in Budapest. Among capital cities, only Warsaw had a more tragic time than Budapest. Budapest was not prepared. Despite its bloodiness, the Budapest siege was virtually unnoticed in western Allied nations.
Hitler`s Legacy in the Balkans and The Batschka Division
During World War II, the Bachka region of Vojvodina was annexed to a Greater Hungary by Nazi Germany. Hitler sought to dismember Serbia by creating a Greater Hungary, a Greater Albania, a Greater Bulgaria, and a Greater Croatia. Pursuant to this policy, the Bachka region was made a part of Hungary. The Batschka Nazi SS Division of Vojvodina emerged after the breakup of the Bosnian Muslim Kama Division, which had been formed and trained in Vojvodina. The Kama Division had been the second Bosnian Muslim Nazi SS Division formed by Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler.