The Jews Who Fought Back: Jewish partisans were among the deadliest resistance fighters
According to one familiar narrative about the Holocaust, millions of Jews passively went to the Nazi death camps likes lambs to the slaughter, unable to fight back against oppression and genocide. The problem is—that story isn`t true. More than 30,000 Jews joined armed resistance movements throughout occupied Europe during World War II. Not only did they face death from the Germans and their European allies, they often endured dangerous anti-Semitism within their own partisan groups. Yet despite these obstacles, Jewish partisans were among the most successful resistance fighters of the war.
The Third Reich in History and Memory by Richard J Evans
Thirty to 40 years ago, historians argued about whether Nazism was the horrific outcome of some twisted path to modernity that distinguished Germany from other western societies. For subscribers to this view, Hitler`s dictatorship was traceable to the failure of liberalism in the 1848 revolution, the power of aristocratic elites, Prussian militarism, a politically deferential middle class and the way all these factors combined to undermine the 1919-33 Weimar Republic. As Richard Evans observes, these arguments have not stood the test of time. As a result, many ask different questions about Nazi Germany. What is the relevance of Germany`s shortlived experience as a colonial power to the Nazi era? Was the Holocaust fundamentally little different from other modern genocides?
Conflict-Series: A highly rated strategy game series for Android
If you love classic PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, Invasion of Poland 1939, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, the Battle of Bulge, and the Battle of Berlin 1945. In addition there are American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War scenarios available.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store)
How many of German POWs became a welcome part of British society and had the time of their lives
Hitler may never have invaded Britain, yet 1939-1945, Essex was occupied by thousands of German and Italian soldiers. Soldiers in what became known as `Hitler`s last army`, they were the prisoners-of-war, who lived in camps scattered round the county, often working on local farms or or in factories. They were the enemy, yet they became part of the scenery, and in many cases they were friends to the communities where they were imprisoned. A new book, Hitler`s Last Army, provides a comprehensive survey of the POW camps in Essex and elsewhere. Overall, testimonies by POWs build up into a heartwarming tale.
Beyond the battlefield - Women artists of the two world wars
During the war years, most women artists neither vanished nor stopped work, and in Australia Margaret Preston, Grace Cossington-Smith and Nora Heysen continued to work and exhibit and frequently in their art addressed the war effort. In America, Lee Miller, and in Britain, the wonderful Dame Laura Knight, not only continued to work but established for themselves a national following. What this book achieves is to bring together women artists from Britain, the United States, Canada, New Zealand and Australia, who worked during the two world wars. Through the examination of the work of 62 selected artists, Speck weaves an account of the social, political and cultural history of this period.
Victor Gregg, the only Briton who was on Dresden soil during the Allied bombings, believes Churchill "should have been shot"
The enviably vital old gentleman wearing shirt and tie and sitting in the office of the London publishing house Bloomsbury seems so even-keeled that it`s difficult to imagine him as a psychopath. But Victor Gregg had become a very "dangerous and even violent" man after World War II. "What I saw in Dresden transformed me into a psychopath," he explains, referring to the Allied bombings on the German city toward the end of the war. But he says later that "the hatred just runs out eventually." A lot of time has passed since Dresden, after all.
New documentary traces Wernher von Braun`s path from Nazi Party to American space hero
A new 30-minute television documentary -- called "How We Got Here: Nazis Get Us to the Moon" -- traces how Wernher von Braun escaped Nazi Germany at the end of World War II and became America`s best hope for beating the Soviets to the moon.
Survivors of Iwo Jima: I credit that battle with making a man out of me
Joseph `Pep` Vocelka remembers Iwo Jima for the blood, the sweat, the sulfurous stink and the fear. `You see guys getting blown apart, you take everything in stride — you hope and pray that you`re not one of them. If anyone said he wasn`t scared, he was a damn liar.` Iwo Jima (Sulfur Island) isn`t the real name of the island — it`s actually called Iwo To, but was misidentified by Japanese naval officers before the battle. It`s a flyspeck in the western Pacific Ocean, 750 miles south of Tokyo. The Japanese evacuated its 1,018 residents in 1943 to fortify the island for an expected American invasion.
`Mein Kampf reissued in Germany: Is Adolf Hitler`s book too dangerous for the general public
Old copies of the offending tome are kept in a secure `poison cabinet,` a literary danger zone in the dark recesses of the vast Bavarian State Library. A team of experts vets every request to see one, keeping the toxic text away from the prying eyes of the idly curious or those who might seek to exalt it. `This book is too dangerous for the general public,` library historian Florian Sepp warned as he carefully laid a first edition of `Mein Kampf` on a table in a reading room. Nevertheless, the book that once served as a kind of Nazi bible, banned from domestic reprints since the end of World War II, will soon be returning to German bookstores from the Alps to the Baltic Sea.
Ex-SS medic, 94, charged over Auschwitz deaths
A 94-year-old man has been charged with 3,681 counts of accessory to murder in Germany on allegations he served at Auschwitz. Prosecutors said the defendant was a former SS sergeant, who acted as a medical officer at the Nazi death camp in 1944. It is alleged that in his role as medical officer he helped the camp function and could therefore be linked to deaths that occurred during his period of service from 15 August to 14 September 1944. If found guilty he could face a jail term ranging 3-15 years. Defence lawyer Peter-Michael Disetel told there was no evidence of a "concrete criminal act".
German Stuka Dive bomber Spruced up before 3D scan at MSI
A big part of World War II history landed at the Museum of Science and Industry. The German Stuka dive bomber, one of only two in the world still intact, has been at the museum of science and industry since the late 1940s. Every so often the museum brings the plane in for a little R & R. "We are lowering our World War II German Stuka plane to the museum floor where we can assess the condition and clean it as part of collection stewardship," Kathleen McCarthy, curator, said. The Germans made 6,500 of these dive bombers. But this one, like so many others, was shot down. The bullet holes in the 75-year-old plane tell the story of how the war, for this plane, ended in Libya in 1941. The British captured it and then ultimately sent it to Chicago.
Top secret D-Day plans found hidden under hotel`s floorboards
Top secret documents giving orders for the D-Day landings have been found under hotel floorboards after being discarded by Army chiefs seventy years ago. The Balmer Lawn Hotel in Brockenhurst, Hants, was used as an army staff college during WWII and was involved in the planning of the Normandy invasion. Half a bin bag`s worth of typed documents and envelopes, some marked "On His Majesty`s Secret Service", were found during refurbishments of the luxury four-star hotel.
10 real-life Female Spies
1. Noor Inayat Khan: Honestly, we could populate an entire list with the fascinating women who worked in espionage during World War II on all sides of the war. Among those women was Inayat Khan. ---- 2. Nancy Wake: Here`s what you need to know about Nancy Wake: she once killed an SS officer with a judo chop to the throat.
Enemy in the East: Hitler`s Secret Plans to Invade the Soviet Union, by Rolf-Dieter Müller
Rolf-Dieter Müller begins by singling out the early post-war generation of military and diplomatic historians in his own country, particularly Klaus Hildebrand, well known for his depiction of Hitler`s `step-by-step plan` that visualised the conquest of the world in stages. Of the view that this older school wrongly emphasised Hitler and his ideas and all but excluded the Wehrmacht leadership, Müller turns his focus directly on these figures, especially Franz Halder, chief of the army general staff, whose post-war testimony helped to establish a narrative that shifted all responsibility for key military decisions on to Hitler`s shoulders.
When a black German woman discovered her grandfather was the Nazi villain
In the mid-1990s, near the end of the period during which she lived in Israel, Jennifer Teege watched Steven Spielberg`s film `Schindler`s List.` She hadn`t seen the film in a movie theater, and watched it in her rented room in Tel Aviv when it was broadcast on television. `It was a moving experience for me, but I didn`t learn much about the Holocaust from it,` she explained. Indeed, it was not until years later that Teege, a German-born black woman who was given up for adoption as a child, discovered that one of the central characters in the film, Amon Goeth, was her grandfather.
Nazi Chic: The Asian Fashion Craze That Just Won`t Die
As early as 2000, Time did a piece on the Korea`s Third Reich–themed bars. That trend never fully took off, but it`s still fairly common for Korean teens to cosplay as Gestapo agents. Known widely as Nazi chic, it`s different from the skinhead or punk swag you find in the West. The trend stretches beyond Korea—in China it was fashionable to dress up like Nazi officers in wedding photos, and a Hong Kong store once hung Nazi banners throughout their shop. In India, a Hitler boutique (with a swastika dotting the i) opened in Ahmedabad in 2012. In Indonesia, Soldatenkaffee, a bar named after a Parisian Nazi hangout and decked out with Hitler quotes and Third Reich flags, has operated in Bandung since 2011; the Indonesia pop star Ahmad Dhani recently performed at a rally for 2014 presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto in Nazi regalia.
Spanish Civil War: Rediscovered photos in Navarra museum
A museum has opened in the Spanish city of Pamplona that brings together the performing arts, painting, sculpture and one of Spain`s largest collection of photographs. The Museum University of Navarra features previously unseen works by Picasso, Rothko and Kandinsky and also one of Spain`s largest collections of photos from the 19th Century. Among the collection are images, many previously unseen, from two of the most celebrated photojournalists of the Spanish Civil War, Agusti Centelles (1909-1985) and Hungarian-born Robert Capa (1913-1954). The 1936-39 war pitted right-wing Nationalists against left-wing Republicans, culminating in victory for the fascist forces of General Franco.
Auschwitz inmates defended Nazi SS Doctor Hans Münch in postwar trials
Nazi SS Dr. Hans Münch became the only person acquitted of war crimes at the 1947 Auschwitz trials in Kraków. Inmates testified for him, calling him the `Good Man of Auschwitz` while 40 others were condemned. The charges against him were human experimentation, like they would have been for Mengele, but inmates noted in his defense that his `experiments` were harmless and ongoing, because he knew once experiments were done the subjects would be killed. His documented experimentation was a ruse to keep people alive, they told the court. He also refused to `select` anyone for the gas chambers or for experimentation with Mengele.
Hitler`s Secret War Machines: 10 Nazi Weapons that Violated the Versailles Treaty
Within weeks of taking office Hitler kicked off a clandestine campaign aimed at turning Germany into a global military super power before the end of the decade. Under the Fuhrer`s plan, the Reich`s armed forces were to be professionalized, super-sized and fully equipped with top-of-the-line weaponry. The brightest minds in Germany were seconded to the effort and billions in marks were secretly funneled to the country`s resurgent armaments industry. While the Nazi chancellor played the statesman on the world stage, behind the scenes, military planners and industrialists secretly fashioned one of the world`s most fearsome war machines.
Drone footage shows Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
Drone footage shows Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz.
Auschwitz bookkeeper Oskar Groening will go on trial in Germany in April
Oskar Groening, 93, who was known as the "bookkeeper of Auschwitz", was allegedly responsible for counting banknotes confiscated from prisoners. The trial will take place in the north German city of Lueneburg. Fifty-five survivors and victims` relatives are plaintiffs in the case, and many are likely to attend the trial. Groening, who began work at Auschwitz aged 21, does not deny witnessing the mass killing at Auschwitz. "I saw the gas chambers. I saw the crematoria. I saw the open fires. I was on the ramp when the selections [for the gas chambers] took place. I would like you to believe these atrocities happened - because I was there."
German Panzer Ace Otto Carius, who won the Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves, passes away at 92
Otto Carius, a World War II German panzer ace credited with destroying more than 150 enemy tanks, mostly on the Eastern Front, has died at 92. He was drafted in 1940 as an infantryman and volunteered for a tank unit, according to his autobiography, "Tigers in the Mud." Eventually promoted to 1st lieutenant, he was wounded multiple times and received several awards, including the Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves. In the foreward to his book`s 2003 edition, Carius defended his service to Nazi Germany, saying combat troops shouldn`t be painted with the broad brush of guilt.
Edward Saylor, 1 of 4 Remaining World War II Doolittle Raiders, dies at 94
Lt. Col. Edward Saylor, one of four surviving Doolittle Raiders who attacked Japan during a daring 1942 mission credited with lifting American morale during World War II, has died. He was 94. He was a young flight engineer-gunner and among the 80 airmen who volunteered to fly the risky mission that sent B-25 bombers from a carrier at sea to attack Tokyo on April 18, 1942. The raid launched earlier than planned and risked running out of fuel before making it to safe airfields. `It was what you do … over time, we`ve been told what effect our raid had on the war and the morale of the people,` Saylor told in a 2013 interview.
Hitler`s Flak Towers Were Anti-Aircraft Castles - Third Reich megastructures still loom over Germany
What happens when you combine Nazi propaganda, brutalist architecture and practical national security problems? You get chunky, concrete buildings that last for decades as symbols of war. Flak towers were one of the Third Reich`s answers to Allied air attacks during World War II. These absolutely massive towers sheltered anti-aircraft guns in German cities—and protected their ammunition from falling bombs. Several of these beasts are still standing today in Germany and Austria. Huge amounts of reinforced concrete in the towers—some have walls 11-feet thick—complicated efforts to demolish them after the war. The remaining towers pose something of a dilemma.
WWII Castles - Nine Medieval Strongholds And The Amazing Roles They Played in Wartime
From its perch high atop the famous White Cliffs, the sprawling fortress of Dover Castle protected England`s shores from invasion for hundreds of years. Overlooking the 21-mile stretch of sea separating the British Isles from France, the mighty 12th Century citadel was long considered to be the `Key to England`. No foreign army could hope invade without passing beneath its formidable walls. Amazingly, when Britain went to war against Germany in 1939, the 800-year-old bastion was once again pressed into service.