Book review: The Women Who Flew for Hitler by Clare Mulley
Within the cockpit of the Stuka dive bomber, the pilot reached the top of the climb, rolled the plane sideways and tore down almost vertically towards the earth at 350 mph. The engines howled, the wings whistled and the fuselage shook so violently that the instruments on the control panel were almost unreadable. Astonishingly, given that this was macho Nazi Germany in 1941, the pilot was a woman. With her gloved hands, Melitta von Stauffenberg clung to the joystick as the plane plummeted 10,000 ft. With the ground just 500 ft below, she pulled up as hard as she could, her oxygen-starved brain close to blacking out. The nose lifted and, just in time, the bomber flattened out, skimmed across the runway and landed. Another death-defying test flight, one of thousands Melitta made, was over for that rarest of breeds — a woman aviator in Hitler`s Third Reich.
A Nazi resort that was abandoned has been opened for the first time ever in 80 years
Prora consists of a row of identical blocks along a 2.7-mile stretch of German coastline and was originally intended to be the largest holiday resort ever. It was intended to cement the Führer as the ultimate dictator and would be used to provide cheap vacations for poor workers. The project was abruptly abandoned when war broke out on the continent and funds were redirected to making bombs and munitions. But now – decades after the project was left to fall into rack and ruin – construction has started again.
Author claims: Hitler came within a whisker of making a nuke before the US captured his enriched uranium
Hitler came close to making a nuke before the US captured his enriched uranium and used it to make the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima, a new book has claimed. American forces forced the surrender of Nazi U-Boat 234 as it was heading for Japan on May 15, 1945 and found it was carrying high profile Nazis, including German general Ulrich Kessler as well as scientists and engineers. It was also carrying the uranium Hitler failed to turn into a nuclear weapon in time to save his crumbling Reich. A new book, `Critical Mass` by scientist and author Carter Hydrick, claims the captured material was used in the atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima in 1945.
Conflict-Series: A highly rated strategy game series for Android
If you love classic PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, Invasion of Poland 1939, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, the Battle of Bulge, and the Battle of Berlin 1945. In addition there are American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War scenarios available.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store)
How the Nazis created the myth of Stalingrad
75 years ago in July of 1942, the battle for Stalingrad began. The Soviet city was a major prize for the advancing Axis military machine, which had invaded the USSR the previous year. Not only was the city named after Hitler`s archenemy, but it was an industrial powerhouse and a gateway to the oil fields of the Caucuses. The battle did not end as the Nazis had hoped. The defeat presented the Nazis with a propaganda quandary. How could the Russians, portrayed as subhuman Slavs by the Nazis, have defeated the Aryan Germans?
Red Army`s 2,000 female snipers: Eager for duty, deadly accurate with their Nazi targets
Traditionally, the role of sniper had been filled by men. But all that changed with the advent of World War II. With men being called upon to fight, women began taking jobs in industries that had been reserved for men. The next step: women taking up combat roles within the resistance and the regular forces. When the Germans launched Operation Barbarossa and invaded Russia, the Red Army suffered huge losses. At this stage, the military hierarchy knew that they had to change their view on the role of women and recruit them into the ranks of the military. Estimates indicate that 800,000 women were recruited, and most filled traditional roles of nurses, drivers, cooks, or clerks. But a select few, 2,000 in all, were assigned the deadly duties of a sniper – a role at which they excelled.
Nazi Megastructures: How the railways helped the rise of Nazi Germany
Nazi Megastructures, the documentary series that explores how advanced technological and architectural capabilities contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, is returning to National Geographic. The first episode explores the importance of the railway in the rise of the Nazis and during World War II. Here are six things we discovered from watching it. (1) Hitler recognised the power of the railways. (2) The railways helped boost Nazi morale. (3) The railways helped the Nazis expand across Europe.
Images of the aftermath of Dunkirk taken by a German soldier
Photo gallery: images of the aftermath of Dunkirk...taken by a German soldier.
100-euro typewriter turns out to be an Enigma machine worth 45,000
A cryptography professor wandering through a Romanian flea market has turned a nice ROI on his €100 investment: €45,000. That`s because what was on offer was a 1941-manufacture German Army three-rotor Enigma I. The unnamed collector who picked it up sold it through Bucharest auction house Artmark, and the unit beat its €9,000 reserve price five times over. Enigma machines were sent to Romania as a German ally, until it switched sides to the Allies in 1944, so Reuters speculates that there may be still others undiscovered in the country.
Rare WWII Martin Baltimore Bomber Discovered at the Bottom of the Aegean
A twin-engine bomber from the Second World War was discovered lying on the sea bed south of the Greek island of Ikaria. The Martin Baltimore type aircraft built by the Glenn L. Martin Company in the United States crashed in the sea in 1945, as it was flying towards Thessaloniki. According to reports, the plane which was located at a depth of 16 meters is in a very good condition. Overall around 1,500 such planes were build. The plane was mapped and photographed by local professional divers.
Hitler`s plan for Moscow: Kill everyone who lives there, replace it with a lake
Hitler had some radical ideas prepared for Western Europe after he`d won World War II, but these plans were all pretty tame compared to what he had come up with for Russia and Eastern Europe. One of the cornerstones of the Nazi expansionist policy was known as Lebensraum, and it formed an important component of the Generalplan Ost, or `Master Plan for the East.` Originally, Moscow was to be the capital of the entire planned Eastern region, but during Operation Barbarossa Hitler changed his mind about the city. He was fearful that the residents of Moscow would revolt, and he decided that the entire city would be razed to the ground, all the inhabitants would be slaughtered, and parts of the Moscow-Volga Canal would be destroyed so that the city would be completely flooded and turned into a man-made lake.
24 Disturbing Pictures From The Battle Of Britain
Image gallery - From July to October 1940, Nazi Germany laid siege to the United Kingdom in what is now known as the Battle of Britain. Before the 122-day conflict ceased, over 500 air force pilots and more than 40,000 civilians were killed.
15 vintage studio photos show strange and stylish Women`s War WWII uniform fashion
In 1942, LIFE photographer Herbert Gehr arranged a photoshoot to show off a small sample of the uniforms of different kinds of servicewomen, from standard nurse`s garb to outfits to help women survive gas, fire, and other hazards of war.
Nurse Johanna Ruf reveals last, desperate days she witnessed in Hitler`s bunker
A nurse who was due to meet Hitler and slapped Joseph Goebbels` son in the face the day before his father murdered him has revealed her secrets. Johanna Ruf was just 15 when she was stationed at the Nazi leader`s bunker in Germany as allied forces surrounded the building at the end of WW2. She was all set to meet the Fuhrer to be commended along with her fellow medical workers until the ceremony was called off because some of the nurses had dirty blouses. The awards never went ahead because Hitler killed himself, which happened to be the same day Ruf slapped Goebbels` son Helmut for being rude to her. Until now, the former nurse`s story has remained untold, but after 70 years her personal account of how she witnessed the last days of the Nazi regime from up close has finally been published.
Research carried out in Peenemünde was not only crucial to the course of WWII, but impacted the space travel as well
Peenemünde looks out across the mouth of the River Peene where it drifts into the Baltic Sea. In 1935, engineer Wernher von Braun pinpointed the village, which offered a 400km testing range off the German coast, as the perfect, secret place to develop and test rockets. 12,000 people worked on the first-ever cruise missiles and fully functioning large-scale rockets at the site, which spanned an area of 25sqkm. The research and development carried out in Peenemünde was not only crucial to the course of the biggest war in history, but impacted the future of weapons of mass destruction, as well as space travel.
Who Was Hitler: New documentary lets people who knew him speak
Endless books, films and TV series have traced the life of Hitler. But filmmaker Hermann Pölking shines a new spotlight on the dictator via the frank testimony of Hitler`s contemporaries. Here`s what some said. "All his relatives considered him to be a no-hoper who shied away from all hard work," said boyhood friend August Kubizek of Adolf Hitler. "He was the darling of his mother and adored her the same," commented Hitler`s Jewish family doctor. "If Adolf wanted something, he got it - mostly at the expense of others," noted sister Paula Wolf.
Nazi spy who killed himself after failing in his mission to assassinate Winston Churchill
A Nazi spy who killed himself after supposedly being sent to the UK on a mission to assassinate Winston Churchill will finally get a headstone on his unmarked grave. William Ter Braak shot himself in the head in 1941 fearing he was going to be exposed after spending several months spying on Britain for Hitler. The death of the Dutch-born agent was covered up by the wartime British authorities who feared a public scandal and he was buried secretly in an unmarked grave. He is believed to have been parachuted into Britain on a mission to assassinate the wartime leader in 1940.
Nine Nazi Weapons that Violated the Versailles Treaty
Under the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, not only was Germany forced to shed 25,000 square miles of territory and pay Europe a crippling penalty of 20 billion gold marks, as a final disgrace the country`s once-mighty military was to be dismantled. Berlin would be permitted a small national army of no more than 100,000 men — but tanks, armoured vehicles and even heavy guns were outlawed. Within weeks of taking office, the Nazi dictator kicked off a clandestine campaign aimed at turning Germany into a global military super power before the end of the decade. Under the Fuhrer`s plan, the Reich`s armed forces were to be professionalized, super-sized and fully equipped with top-of-the-line weaponry. The brightest minds in Germany were seconded to the effort and billions in marks were secretly funneled to the country`s resurgent armaments industry.
Dambusters hero`s logbook shows his understated record of the RAF`s daring bouncing bombs raid
The previously-unseen logbook kept by a Dambusters hero which documents the famous wartime raid has sold for nearly £9,000. Flight Sergeant Leonard Sumpter was a bomb aimer on the mission to destroy a series of German dams using Barnes Wallis` ingenious `bouncing bomb`. His logbook, that has been owned by his family, dates from October 1941 to September 1945 and charts Operation Chastise - the official name for the Dams raid - on May 16, 1943.
Hitler`s paintings to be sold at auction next week
Four paintings ascribed to Adolf Hitler, as well as an unsigned piece thought to painted by the notorious Fuhrer, will be up for auction at the Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire, England. The four works of art all bear the signature `A. Hitler,` and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s. Each painting has a price tag between $6,000 and $9,000. The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitler`s native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers.
Socialite and Nazi Spy: Grace Buchanan-Dineen`s life of intrigue and espionage in Detroit
Countess Grace Buchanan-Dineen, child of a prominent Rosedale family, lived a glamorous life in Detroit during the Second World War. Beautiful and cosmopolitan, she rapidly `became a social favorite,` one observer recalled, as she regaled them with anecdotes about her decade spent in Europe as the continent descended into war. Then, in late August 1943, her high-profile arrest on espionage charges shocked Detroit and Toronto with the revelation that the countess had been a Nazi spy, gathering intelligence on U.S. war production and defence capabilities as head of a spy ring.
Atlantic wall bunker on Danish coast reopens as museum
A concrete bunker jutting out of sand dunes on the Danish coast, that once was part of Hitler`s Atlantic wall, has been re-purposed as part of a new museum that was officially opened by Denmark`s Crown Prince Frederik. The Tirpitz Museum now hosts exhibitions showing how Denmark`s coastline was used by the occupying Germans during the war, as well as revealing other features of the landscape.
Rare footage shows Korean comfort women from World War Two
The Seoul government has released rare video footage of Korean women forced to work in Japanese military brothels, the first time moving images have been shown of the "comfort women". A government-funded research team from Seoul National University found the footage, which was filmed in 1944 by an American soldier, in the United States National Archives after a two-year hunt. The 18-second black-and-white clip shows seven women lined up outside a brick house, being questioned by Chinese soldiers. The women were found by U.S.-China allied forces in China`s Yunnan province, the research team said in a statement.
Brazil denied 16,000 visas to Jews during Nazi regime, research reveals
The Brazilian government denied some 16,000 visas to European Jews attempting to escape the Nazi regime, according to new research looking at Brazilian WWII documents. The research was undertaken by Brazil`s Virtual Archives on Holocaust and Antisemitism Institute, or Arqshoah. The figures were based on monthly reports sent by Brazilian diplomats in service in Germany and Nazi-occupied countries. They obeyed 26 secret memos that forbade the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to grant visas to Jews during the terms of presidents Getulio Vargas and Eurico Gaspar Dutra between 1937 and 1950. `I believe the number could be much higher, since I researched only part of the documentation,` historian and Holocaust expert Maria Luiza Tucci Carneiro told.
Huge cache of Nazi memorabilia consists of fakes, says Argentinian antiques dealer
An antiques shop owner caught with a hoard of Nazi memorabilia initially valued at £20 million has claimed that the items were replicas he had bought 20 years ago. Carlos Alberto Olivares who runs a shop in Buenos Aires, kept 75 artefacts in a secret room at his suburban home, including a bust of Hitler, harmonicas bearing swastikas and a statue of an eagle. It was thought to be the single largest discovery of Nazi relics in Argentina, to where as many as 5,000 Nazi officials fled after the Second World War with help from President Perón.