Bavarian Government Sold Looted Art - returned by Monuments Men - to Nazi Families
Journalists Catrin Lorch Jörg Häntzschel published an explosive revelation in Sueddeutsche Zeitung entitled 'the Munich Looted Art Bazaar,' supported by the work of the Commission for Looted Art in Europe (CLAE): the government of Bavaria sold artworks returned to it after WWII by the Monuments Men that were supposed to be restituted to the victims of Nazi looting. Not only was the art given back to the German state on the explicit condition that it be restituted to the victims of Nazi art plunder, in some cases it was returned to the families of Nazi officials, such as Emmy Goering (Hermann's daughter) and Henriette von Schirach rather than to the victims themselves.
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Drawings reveal Adolf's plans for Munich filled with gargantuan buildings
More than 2,000 documents and sketches have been released by the Munich authorities dating from the days of Nazism which detail Adolf Hitler's plans to build a colossal new metropolis on the site of the city. Munich always held a special place in Hitler's dark heart. It was where he joined the Germany army to fight in World War One and where he founded the Nazi Party after it ended. Hitler proposed a City Of The Movement with gargantuan buildings and roads destined to last 1,000 years.
Exploring Munich's painful Nazi history
'Everything that is bad started in Munich,' says tour guide Chaim Eytan, who can give tours of the city focused on National Socialism and who lost family in the Holocaust. And yet, he says that growing up, 'We had a wonderful life here.' Munich is studded with sites tainted by Nazi history. The grand Königs-platz, or King's Square was used by Nazis for enormous rallies and was the site of the first book burning. On the square's east end, the University of Music and Performing Arts Munich was built as the Führerbau, Hitler's office. The Haus der Kunst, House of Art, was built to display Nazi-approved art.
Fireball and broken windows in Munich as 250-kilo WWII bomb is detonated
Bomb experts blew up a 250-kilo World War II bomb in the Munich, creating a huge fireball, after they decided they could not defuse its chemical delayed-action detonator. The bomb was covered in sand bags and straw to muffle the blast, but still resulted in an Armageddon-like scene in the central Schwabing district, knocking out windows and creating a ball of fire over the city. Thousands of people had already been evacuated from their homes, and the city halted bus and tram services after it became clear experts could not simply defuse the bomb.
Richard Marowitz recalls entering Nazi leader's home: Housekeeper couldn't understand why we were so angry at a nice man like Hitler
In late April 1945, U.S. soldier Richard Marowitz searched the Munich apartment of the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler - and found his black silk top hat, which he still owns. Marowitz belonged to the 222nd Intelligence & Reconnaissance Platoon, part of the 42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division. "Two German civilians were there who knew where Hitler's house was. We were ordered to go there to see what intelligence we could find. So we got in three jeeps and took off. When we got there, the door was opened by Hitler's English housekeeper, who called us ruffians. She couldn't understand why we were so angry at a nice man like Mr. Hitler."
Munich still haunted by Nazi-era buildings
Last Sunday, I was walking in Munich when I discovered a new detailed information board with a map showing the location of many Nazi buildings in the area known as Maxvorstadt, and I decided to investigate. This showed both existing buildings and the sites of buildings destroyed in the bombing raids during on October 2 and 3 1943 and on January 7 1945. Nearby is another information board with details of the new Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism, planned to open at the end of 2013 on the site of the former so-called Brown House, the Nazi Party HQ in the city.
Third Reich Walking Tour
Every year thousands of visitors travel to Germany to tour the ruins of the Third Reich. From the V2 rocket factory to the underground tunnels and bunkers in Berlin - and from Hitler's mountain retreat in Berchtesgaden to the SS Camelot at Wewelsburg, tourists are fascinated by the history of the Third Reich. The Sun took one of the many Third Reich Walking Tours in Munich -- the city where Hitler's National Socialist German Workers' Party was formed in the 1920s. "You can read books and see films but it's only coming to places like this that you get a real handle on it," explained Mike Kennedy.
Munich: A Third Reich documentation center to be built on the site of the Nazi Party Brown House
Munich is where Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party got their start. But the city has long disregarded its past as the "Capital of the Movement." But now a new Third Reich documentation center will be built on the site of the "Brown House," the building which housed the Nazi Party (NSDAP) leadership in the 1930s. It was in Munich where Hitler made his first grab for power. On Nov. 8, 1923, his storm troopers surrounded the Bürgerbräukeller beer hall, where the Munich and Bavarian leaders had gathered. Hitler seemed to have the upper hand, but the next day, his mini-revolution fell apart in a hail of bullets that left 16 Nazis dead and the future Führer in jail.
Third Reich walking tour of Munich - Where Adolf Hitler met Eva Braun
Imagine being sat in the dentist's chair, mouth wide open, and the dentist starts to make chit-chat about his clinic. "This used to be the Nazi party headquarters... Come to think of it, this was where Hitler met Eva Braun." It would be a little disturbing. But the surgery at 50 Schellingstrasse, Munich, was once the studio of Adolf Hitler's personal photographer Hans Hoffman, and here the cash-strapped party had meetings. Eva Braun was Hoffman's assistant, and she caught Hitler's eye while climbing a ladder. Details like this make the Third Reich walking tour of Munich fascinating. The historical tour continues up to Konigsplatz...
Visitors can't get enough of Adolf Hitler tours in Munich, birthplace of Nazi Party
Visiting tourists can't get enough of Adolf Hitler tours in Munich, where the dictator formed his Nazi Party and started the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. The guided walking tours take visitors to city sites linked to Hitler: like Hofbraeuhaus beer hall where Hitler gave his first public speech in 1918. Close by is pub Schellingsalon, where Hitler liked to drink - often skipping the bill. The trail follows him from his beginnings and his rise to Fuehrer of the Third Reich. Tour guide Eric Loerke starts the tour by showing photos of Hitler as a baby and as an average artist in 1913 drawing pictures for postcards.
Former Nazi Munich Headquarters to become center of learning
Munich is attempting to face its past as the capital of the Nazi movement with a new documentation center in the former Nazi HQ: The Brown House on Munich's Brienner Strasse. It was in Munich that the National Socialist movement gained ground following the trauma of WWI. A young Adolf Hitler arranged a failed putsch in the Bavarian capital in 1923 and after coming to power in 1933, the Nazi leader chose Munich as the headquarters of Nazi movement. When the World War II came to an end, the American military government ordered the removal of all Nazi symbols (swastikas, flags, Nazi architecture). A cellar covered by grass was all that was left of the Brown House.
Jewish museum set to open in former Nazi stronghold of Munich
Just blocks from where Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels ordered the destruction of Munich's main synagogue on Kristallnacht, the city is opening an $18M museum dedicated to its growing Jewish community. It's a sign of the revitalization of Munich's community, which now numbers 9,200 members, the second-largest in Germany after Berlin's. It opened last November, on the 68th anniversary of Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass.
Munich: Stronghold of the Nazi party - Hunting lost Nazi sites
Nazi past lingers in Munich: the birthplace and stronghold of the National Socialist party. As a boy Von Halasz found a picture of his grandfather in a WWII SS uniform. Curiosity led him wrote "Hunting Nazis in Munich," a book on lost sites tied with Adolf Hitler: The meeting place for the Thule Society, considered a precursor of the Nazi party. The house where Adolf Hitler stayed when he arrived in 1913, the site of the beer hall where the SS was founded, the room where the Nazi party proclaimed its 25-point program. Munich's beer hall culture helped the Nazi party take shape: At the Hofbräuhaus on Feb. 24, 1920, Hitler gave a 2 1/2 -hour speech to 2,000 supporters.
Munich government buildings adorned with swastikas
61 years after the fall of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II there are still swastikas that adorn a central government building in Munich. Swastikas are displayed on a building that houses the economic, infrastructure and technology departments of the state of Bavaria. It is the most important government building of the southern state, in which the Nazi party began its way during the 1920's. The massive building with a facade stretching 250 meters (820 feet) was built between the years 1936-1938 and was used during the Second World War to house headquarters of the Luftwaffe – the German Air Force.
Embarking on Hitler’s trail in Munich (Article no longer available from the original source)
Konigsplatz, in Munich, was Hitler’s favourite parade ground, a place to mass and strut helmeted troops in uniforms, military bands and swastika flags. Munich is intimately connected with Adolf Hitler’s youth and his life as a Nazi leader. Places in Munich associated with Hitler are quite popular with tourist. Visitors are curious to know where he lived, the restaurants he frequented, places where he delivered his fiery speeches, the place where the historic but failed political coup (the Putsch) took place and his Munich headquarters. In his autobiography, Mein Kamph, Hitler writes fondly about Munich.