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Nanjing: Massacre of Nanking

Massacre of Nanking - How Japaneses Imperial Army killed hundreds of thousands in 1937.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: Japanese Atrocities, Comfort Women, War, Women, Horror , Imperial Army, World War II Nurses.

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John Rabe - The Nazi who saved 250,000 people - proves to be sensitive topic for a film
Films have been made before about Nanking, including "Nanking" (2007), "Black Sun" (1996), and "City of Life and Death" (2009). Now "John Rabe" explores the Rape of Nanking, which is a sensitive topic on multinational level. The Chinese are the victims and need the help of foreigners to survive - A view which is the opposite of what China is trying to project to the world. It`s also difficult to cast Japanese actors in a WW2 film about something Japan itself wants to pretend never happened. There was supposed to be a screening in Japan, but just hours before, somebody took the print and said: "No the film can`t be screened."
(nytimes.com)

Japan`s last WWII veterans of Nanking massacre open up   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Sawamura turned numb when he was ordered to bayonet a Chinese peasant. "You captured him, so you get rid of him," his lieutenant stated, pulling Sawamura toward his victim. "I stumbled forward and thrust the blade into his body until it came out on the other side. We were told not to waste bullets. It was training for beginners." In 2009, in a last-ditch attempt to keep dark memories alive, Tamaki Matsuoka made a documentary film (Torn Memories of Nanjing) in which veterans of the Imperial Japanese Army speak - for the first time on film - about the massacre which took place after Japanese troops overran the Nanking in 1937.
(france24.com)

Torn Memories of Nanjing: Japanese WWII veterans admit to Nanjing atrocities on film
Activist Tamaki Matsuoka is challenging Japanese views of the country`s World War II record with a documentary film on the Rape of Nanking. Her film, Torn Memories of Nanjing, uses both the memories of Japanese war veterans and accounts by Chinese survivors of the massacres of 1937-1938. The film captures soldiers admitting for the first time to mass rape and to the masscre of unarmed civilians. This contradicts the accepted wisdom in Japan, where history textbooks whitewash atrocities during Japan`s invasion of China, and WW2 veterans are believed to have battled and lost an honourable fight.
(cbc.ca)

World War II photo confirms Japanese troops buried alive Chinese civilians
A photo showing that the Japanese invading troops were burying alive Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers during the 6-week long Nanjing Massacre has been discovered in Japan. The finding shoots down the claim made by some Japanese that a photo previously provided by the Chinese side (without specified date or place) was a fake. The photo displays the same fact, but from a different angle. In July 1938, the Chinese government issued "The True Record of the Japanese Invaders` Atrocities". A picture labeled "Burying Alive" was cited as key evidence of the Japanese invading troops` barbarities.
(xinhuanet.com)

The Nanking Nightmare: Japanese still referring to it as an "incident"
In the winter of 1937, Japanese troops, having captured Shanghai, moved on to wrap up Nanking. After an aerial bombardment, they entered the city almost without resistance. Most of rich residents had fled, leaving the city to the poor and to the remnants of the Chinese army. There followed the most terrible single occurrence in the history of modern warfare, the "rape of Nanking." Over the next few months the Japanese army became an uncontrollable mob, and before order was restored, 200,000 Chinese were killed and 20,000 women were violated. It remained for Iris Chang to remind us, in a book full of passages too ugly to read, of just how monstrous this crime was.
(time)

Showcasing the pain of Nanjing - The 1937-1938 massacre   (Article no longer available from the original source)
As a siren wailed across the city in remembrance of the dead, the renovated Nanjing museum opened. History is a sensitive subject in north Asia, and this is ground zero in China`s bid to counter the Japanese right-wingers who downplay or deny that the massacre took place. The anniversary gave China an chance to revamp its out-of-date Nanjing massacre museum, putting it more on a par with Japan`s Hiroshima and Nagasaki memorials and the many Holocaust remembrance centers around the globe. The Chinese say 300,000 people were killed and 20,000 women violated during a 6-week period. Some Japanese sources put the figure at 40,000. A wartime tribunal placed it at 142,000.
(latimes)

Nanjing remembers 1937 massacre victims
After capturing Nanjing in 1937, the Japanese army collected 1,300 Chinese at the city`s Taiping Gate. They then killed them. They blew them up with landmines, then doused them with petrol before setting them aflame, ultimately using bayonets to finish off anyone still alive. This was just one single event in what has become known as the Nanjing massacre. A day before the massacre`s 70th anniversary, a group of survivors, dignitaries and Japanese citizens got together at Taiping Gate to remember the dead. It is just one of a number of commemoration events held in Nanjing to mark a bloody episode that still reflects in East Asia.
(bbc)

U.S. archives reveal massacre of 500,000 Chinese by Japanese army   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Japanese troops slaughtered 500,000 Chinese before the occupation of Nanjing in 1937, claims scholar Wang Lan. Two telegrams from the U.S. National Archives back up claims of a "Pan-Nanjing Massacre" that included the slaughter of people in the area around Nanjing. Records show that 300,000 were killed by Japanese troops during the 6-week Nanjing Massacre from Dec. 1937 to Jan. 1938. However, the massacre of Chinese before the occupation of Nanjing is less well documented. William Edward Dodd, U.S. ambassador to Nazi Germany, sent a telegram to Roosevelt on Dec. 14,1937: "The Japanese Ambassador here boasted... of his country`s having killed 500,000 Chinese people."
(xinhuanet)

Nanking documentary - The 1937 Japanese invasion of Nanjing
Nanking is a documentary about one of the lesser-known horrors of the 20th century: the 1937 Japanese invasion of Nanjing, where over 200,000 civilians and POWs were massacred in a matter of weeks. The capital of the Republic of China at the start of World War II and the HQs of the Chiang Kai-shek administration, this cosmopolitan city of parks was destroyed in what is known as the rape of Nanking. Though some Japanese scholars challenge the stats by the post-war International Military Tribunal for the Far East, it is widely agreed that during the occupation, 1937-1938, 20,000 rapes were committed by the reckless Japanese Army.
(nytimes)

U.S. movie about 1937 Japanese assault of Nanking to open in China
An American movie "Nanking" about Japan`s slaughter of Chinese citizens will be released in China amid renewed friction over the atrocity`s actual death toll. The movie, directed by Bill Guttentag and Dan Sturman, examines the Japanese killings by mixing archival footage and readings of witness accounts from Westerners who protected Chinese refugees. Most historians agree the Japanese army slaughtered at least 150,000 civilians and violated tens of thousands of women in Nanjing in 1937. Recently about 100 Japanese lawmakers claimed that documents from their archives indicated only 20,000 people were killed.
(hnn.us)

Japan seeks truth about Nanjing massacre in China - 4 new films
4 Chinese films about the Nanjing massacre wartime atrocity were planned for this year, the 70th anniversary of Japan`s capture of China`s former capital. "There will be various movies and exhibitions on the Nanking incident, and it is natural that we should make efforts to suggest more details of facts and prevent wrong views from spreading in China," Japanese Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary told. China says invading Japanese troops slaughtered 300,000 in Nanjing, then known as Nanking. An Allied tribunal put the death toll at 142,000. But some Japanese historians say the 1937 massacre has been exaggerated and some conservatives deny there was a massacre.
(reuters.com)

Nanjing wounds bleed 70 years on - Second Sino-Japanese War
July 2007, China will mark one of Asia`s most brutal 20th-century events. History will be denied by some, used by others to fuel-inject nationalist sentiment. The world will mark the 70th anniversary of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan`s bid for Asian dominance: from invasion of Chinese territory in 1937 to its defeat in the ashes of August 1945. Japan`s actions during the siege and capture of the Chinese city in mid-Dec 1937 will come under the critical scrutiny. The Rape of Nanking, with the butchery by Japanese soldiers of an estimated 300,000 Chinese souls, remains an indelible stain. It continues to affront world history.
(atimes)

Nazi hero: Member of the Nazi party who saved 250,000
There was chaos on the streets of Nanjing in December 1937 when Japanese troops stormed the capital of China, bent on the slaughter still known as the "Rape of Nanking." For some a saviour was at hand: a member of the Nazi party who offered refuge and helped save the lives of more than 250,000 people. With his swastika armband, John Rabe seems an unlikely hero, but his courage and the selfless way he administered the safety zone means for many people here he remains the hero of Nanjing. Rabe`s account of the Nanjing in his 1,200-page diary is detailed, and it has become a key account of the time. His story is soon to be turned into a Hollywood movie.
(independent)

Japanese soldiers competed to be first to behead 100 Chinese   (Article no longer available from the original source)
The Tokyo Court dismissed a damages demand for alleged defamation over publications that said two Japanese soldiers competed against each other to be first to behead 100 Chinese soldiers during war in 1937. The Tokyo Nichinichi Shimbun reported in articles in 1937 that the two second lieutenants carried out the "hyakunin giri kyoso" (hundred head contest) to see who could behead 100 Chinese soldiers first, while on their way to Nanjing. The Asahi published a series of articles in 1971 based on accounts of Chinese survivors of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre, mentioning the killing contest by the two soldiers.
(kyodo)

China Hails a Good Nazi who shielded more than 200,000
69 years ago the courtyard of two-story brick building was filled with Chinese seeking refuge from Japanese troops who were rampaging through the China`s capital. The invaders subjected Nanjing to a 6-week reign of terror, killing large numbers of unarmed Chinese soldiers and murdering and violating thousands of civilians. The property was the home of John Rabe, a Nazi Party member and employee of Siemens. In addition to sheltering people in his own compound, Mr. Rabe led a score of other foreigners in the city to form an international safety zone that shielded more than 200,000 Chinese.
(nytimes)

Chinese memorial to the "good Nazi" opens war wounds - John Rabe
A plan by China to honour "the good Nazi", a German who helped to save hundreds of thousands of civilians from Japanese troops, has reopened a dispute with Tokyo over its lack of atonement for the Second World War. The Chinese authorities are drawing up plans for a museum dedicated to the memory of John Rabe, who defied the "Rape of Nanking" - a six-week massacre during which an estimated 300,000 Chinese were slaughtered by Japanese soldiers.
(atimes.com)


See also:
Japanese Atrocities
Comfort Women
War, Women, Horror
Imperial Army
World War II Nurses.