Nazi Ghettos for Jews - Life in the Ghettos, photos, survivors.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.
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Nazi diary reveals brutal tactics employed against Lodz Jews
Recently uncovered diaries written by Nazi officers meticulously document horrifying occurrences within Lodz ghetto.
Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume II
Even after decades of in-depth Holocaust research, excruciating details are only now emerging about more than 1,100 German-run ghettos in Eastern Europe. And there were 200 more ghettos than previously believed, explained Martin Dean, editor of the "Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume II." It`s part of a long-term effort to document every site of organized Nazi persecution, beyond the well-known Warsaw ghetto and extermination camps. Researchers at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington collected details for the encyclopedia`s more than 2,000 pages from the communities where Germans herded Jews.
Audio interview with a Krakow ghetto survivor
This episode of the famed BBC Witness series features a 9-minute audio interview with a Krakow ghetto survivor.
Operation Attic: Dozens respond to Ghetto Fighters` House Museum`s call for relics
The Ghetto Fighters` House Museum received lots of calls from people who have found Holocaust-era items in their homes in response to a campaign urging Israelis to help the museum collect valuable Nazi era memorabilia. "We have had dozens of calls in the past two days from citizens who wish to contribute diaries and other documents and items from the time of the Holocaust, which might otherwise have been destroyed or thrown into the garbage," said Yossi Shavit, of the museum`s archives. Several people had previously offered the museum documents they had in their homes, including a charred diary by Pola Alster, a member of the Jewish underground in the Warsaw ghetto.
Ghetto survivors who did forced labour without payment win German pensions
3 Holocaust survivors won approval from a German social-welfare tribunal to claim old-age pensions on account of forced labour they did in Nazi Germany. All 3 were confined in ghettos, the starvation-ravaged zones where Jews were enclosed by the Nazis in eastern European cities before they were sent to death camps during World War Two. Their claims for labor-related pensions had previously failed, because they did not get any wages from the Nazi occupiers. But the tribunal in Kassel ruled that getting food and other gratuities for their work was also salary and qualified them for the pension.
Warsaw uprising leader Marek Edelman writes about love in ghettos (Article no longer available from the original source)
The last leader of the 1943 Warsaw Jewish ghetto uprising against the Nazis, Marek Edelman, has turned his focus from the battles to a little-known side of life in the zone of terror: love. "No one has ever talked about love in the ghetto. It was love, precisely, which enabled people to survive in that hell," Edelman explained the launch of his book "I byla milosc w getcie" (And There Was Love in the Ghetto). In 150 pages, Edelman explores ghetto memories which differ from the mass deportations, massacres, starvation and doomed revolt. He has published several books about the 1943 uprising, stretching back to The Ghetto Fights (1946).
Ghettostadt: Lodz and the Making of a Nazi City by Gordon J. Horwitz
In the first months of 1940, Wilhelm Hallbauer traveled to the Polish industrial town of Lodz, which had fallen to Nazi forces. His orders: bring to the place an illusion of social and architectural modernity. Here in Lodz the Germans saw a chance to reshape a backward Polish city into a Nazi showplace, a metropolis of the arts. But above all, Gordon J. Horwitz reveals in "Ghettostadt: Lodz and the Making of a Nazi City", Hallbauer`s role was to guide Lodz through the "grand scheme of historic population changes" – first the isolation, and then the destruction, of the Jews.
Survivors marking end of Krakow`s World War II ghetto
Two dozen Holocaust survivors will commemorate the 65th anniversary of the Nazi`s liquidation of the Jewish ghetto in Krakow with a march through the Podgorze district. In just 2 days in March 1943, German soldiers cleared the ghetto of its 16,000 residents, shipping them to a forced-labor camp in Plaszow and to the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where most were put to death in the gas chambers. Those left behind were executed, with some 2,000 killed. By the end of World War II, just 3,000 who lived in the ghetto survived. Just 60 of the Jews Schindler saved are alive and a dozen are expected for the march.
Teen Auschwitz victim Petr Ginz`s book to be published (Article no longer available from the original source)
A new book by Petr Ginz has been published and will be presented by his sister Hava Pressburger. Ginz wrote and illustrated "Navsteva z praveku" (A visit from prehistory) in 1941 when he was 13yo. The manuscript was discovered in a Prague house where the family had lived before deportation to the Terezin (Theresienstadt) ghetto. In Terezin Ginz in secret issued the magazine Vedem in 1942-1944. Ginz was sent to the Auschwitz (Oswiecim) where he died in gas chambers in 1944. His drawings from Terezin became widely known, and one of them, "A View from the Moon on Planet", became world famous after it was taken by astronaut Ilan Ramon along on the space shuttle Columbia.
Berlin to Compensate Nazi Germany`s Former Ghetto Workers
The German govt announced it would pay compensation to 50,000 workers in Nazi Germany`s Jewish ghettos who previously failed to qualify for payouts from a fund for slave laborers. Spokesman Ulrich Wilhelm said cabinet had approved a plan to award one-off payments of 2,000 euros ($2,789) to those who have not yet received compensation from the Holocaust Memorial Fund. Compensation for ghetto workers, whose wages would have been negligible, is one of the last outstanding compensation claims dating back to Adolf Hitler`s Third Reich.
Diary of Polish girl Rutka Laskier reveals horror of life in Polish ghetto
A teenage Jewish girl living under the Nazis during 1943 feared she was "turning into an animal waiting to die", according to her diary, which documents the final months before her death in the Auschwitz. Rutka Laskier, 14, wrote the 60-page diary over a 4-month period in Bedzin. It documents the collapse of the ghetto under the Nazi occupation, as well as the first loves of a girl growing up. Feb 20 1943: "I have a feeling that I am writing for the last time. There is an Aktion [a Nazi arrest operation] in town. I`m not allowed to go out and I`m going crazy, imprisoned in my own house."
Exhibit: How women in the camps and ghettos kept their spirits alive (Article no longer available from the original source)
An exhibit studies not what was done to women in the camps and ghettos but what they did to keep their spirits alive. A tiny piece of cellophane smudged with bright red lipstick, a bra hand-sewn with thread from a blanket, and a camp uniform adorned with a single bead. These are some of the artifacts on show at an exhibition at the Yad Vashem Museum. "Spots of Light" is a multimedia exhibition that displays camp and ghetto experiences from a feminine perspective, pinpointing the ways in which women held on to their identity under unbearable circumstances. More than 3 million women were sent to the Nazi camps during World War II.
Working against time - Lodz - The Last Ghetto in Poland (Article no longer available from the original source)
The Lodz Ghetto was the most important of all the ghettos during the Holocaust, but it also stood apart for other reasons. First of all, it was the second largest ghetto in Poland, after the Warsaw Ghetto, with 160,000 residents from the outset. Second of all, it remained in existence for over 4 years. It was the first ghetto to be established, in May 1940, and the last to be liquidated, in August 1944. The remarkable endurance of Ghetto Lodz is largely due to the head of the Judenrat. For many years, Rumkowski was cast in the role of the devil. Unger succeeds in painting a more balanced picture of Rumkowski.
The failure of the Red Cross to uncover the horrors of the Nazi camp
Production that helped young Jews cope with horrors of concentration camp is performed on the big stage. The musical was used by the Nazis in 1943 to present Theresienstadt as a model camp, "paradise ghetto", to international inspectors. Red Cross officials were persuaded after visits to the camp that living conditions there were comfortable and that the inmates were happy. A performance of the musical featured in the Nazi propaganda film The Führer Gives the Jews a Town. The cast was murdered after the film`s release.