Hitler`s Nazi Party - NSDAP -- How the national socialist party operated.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: Nazi Uniforms, Gestapo, Causes of WW2, Munich: Nazi Party Stronghold, SS Daggers, Hitler Photos.
Otto Strasser in Paradise: A Nazi in Nova Scotia by H. Millard Wright (book review)
A veteran of the First World War, Otto Strasser, and his brother Gregor, were some of the first members of the Nazi Party. Otto first met Hitler over lunch with his brother in 1921. By 1933, Hitler was chancellor and he had fired Gregor as head of the national propaganda apparatus in favour of Joseph Goebbels and was "determined to rid himself of Otto Strasser." Hitler tried to assassinate Strasser three times: first with Hermann Göring, then Heinrich Himmler's S.S. and finally the Führer's spy corps. None were successful, nor were Strasser's own attempts on Hitler. And, of all places, this rivalry led to Paradise, N.S., in the Annapolis Valley.
How oil baron Sir Henri's Royal Dutch Shell company saved the Nazi Party from collapse
Revealed: The role of Royal Dutch Shell as a collaborator and financial supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party via its founder, Sir Henri Deterding. Research has uncovered evidence that Royal Dutch Shell funds by Sir Henri, saved the Nazi Party from collapse. Oil baron Sir Henri - once called "the Most Powerful Man in the World" - had a 4-day meeting with Adolf Hitler at the Eagles Nest in Berchtesgaden. And both Hitler and Hermann Goering sent wreaths to Deterding's funeral when he died just before the start of World War II. Declassified US intelligence records talk about Royal Dutch Shell as "a Nazi collaborator that used Hitler's slave laborers".
Nazi Party member John Rabe saved 250,000 people from the Japanese army
A new movie about China's Oscar Schindler tells story of Nazi Hero: John Rabe. He was a member of the Nazi party and Siemens' man in China during the build-up to WW2. He also helped save 250,000 Chinese from the rampaging Japanese army. Based on Rabe's dairies, Florian Gallenberger's film "John Rabe" comes amid a boom in movies about Hitler's Nazi Germany. The film depicts how Rabe helped Chinese civilians escape the horrors of the Nanking by helping set up and run a security zone. "Ten years ago it was not possible to conceive that there was such thing as a good Nazi," explained Ulrich Tukur, who plays John Rabe.
Study reveals: Vote for Adolf Hitler "normal" in economic context
Long thought as a historical aberration, Adolf Hitler's rise to power can be put down to "normal voting behaviour", a study has revealed. The voters most hurt by the economic crisis, and most likely to oppose the government, were a disparate group who did not uniformly turn to the Nazis. "The consequences of Hitler's election were extraordinary, but the voting behaviour that led to it was not." Because of the unprecedented circumstances in which open elections led to the antidemocratic National Socialist Party gaining control of the Weimar Republic, the question of who voted for Nazi Party has become the most studied in the history of voting behaviour research.
Photos from the early days of SA and Nazi Party - thread at Axis History Forum
Axis History Forum thread has pictures from the early days of SA (Sturmabteilung) and NSDAP (Nazi Party, officially National Socialist German Workers' Party). Photographs include: Adolf Hitler and Ernst Röhm at Reichsparteitag 1933. Erich Ludendorff, Hitler and Ernst Röhm at the time of Hitlers trial 1924. Different SA-groups training. Julius Streicher posing...
Adolf Hitler ballot paper from 1933 German election goes up for auction
A ballot paper from the 1933 election that brought Adolf Hitler to power is to be auctioned. Richard Westwood-Brookes, from Mullock's Auctioneers, said that the ballot with a vote for the Nazi Party, was a document that had doomed the world to war. "Many people do not realise that Hitler did not come to power via a military takeover. He was democratically elected Chancellor of Germany." The paper, to be sold on June 25 at an auction of historical documents at Ludlow Racecourse, has the name of Hitler with those of Rudolf Hess and Hermann Goering - and of Nazi Party leaders whom Hitler later murdered.
German parliament marks Nazis' 1933 destruction of democracy
Germany's parliament remembered the Nazis' destruction of democracy after Adolf Hitler took power 75 years ago, and honoring those who held out against the Nazis' drive to crush out opposition. Hitler convinced ailing President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint him chancellor on Jan. 30, 1933. A month later Hitler used the torching of the Reichstag to secure his grip on power, suspending civil liberties and suppressing parties. On March 23, parliament approved the Enabling Act, enabling Hitler's Cabinet to issue decrees without the need for approval and in reality giving him dictatorial powers.
Pictures of SA Officer Viktor Lutze to be sold after 60 years in British home
The private life of one of Adolf Hitler's most feared henchmen has come to light. Viktor Lutze joined the Nazi party in 1922 and became an associate of the SA's first leader Franz Pfeffer von Salomon. In the Night of the Long Knives Hitler "purged" the SA (including Ernst Rohm) and made Lutze a chief of staff and ordered him to clean up the SA (the brownshirts). Yet private photos show him in the role of a family man. Other pics are truer to Lutze's image, like shots of him in full Nazi uniform. Photos, looted by senior allied officers from his home in 1944, show the care-free life he enjoyed away from the Führer.
Hitler's Rise to Power - 75th anniversary of Adolf Hitler's attainment of power
It took the Führer just 12 years to plunge Europe into the gloomiest chapter of its history. But how did a failed painter manage to bring Germany under his thumb? It was a chilly winter day in 1933, and at 10 a.m., Adolf Hitler, head of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), made his way down Wilhelmstrasse. Hitler was on his way to the Reichskanzlei, seat of the Weimar Republic's govt, where his cabinet were to meet with President Paul von Hindenburg. The swearing-in ceremony was set for 11 a.m. It was a moment Hitler had been working towards for years. His first attempt, the Beer Hall Putsch in Nov. 1923, would fail in a hail of bullets in Munich.
Former Nazi Munich Headquarters to become center of learning
Munich is attempting to face its past as the capital of the Nazi movement with a new documentation center in the former Nazi HQ: The Brown House on Munich's Brienner Strasse. It was in Munich that the National Socialist movement gained ground following the trauma of WWI. A young Adolf Hitler arranged a failed putsch in the Bavarian capital in 1923 and after coming to power in 1933, the Nazi leader chose Munich as the headquarters of Nazi movement. When the World War II came to an end, the American military government ordered the removal of all Nazi symbols (swastikas, flags, Nazi architecture). A cellar covered by grass was all that was left of the Brown House.
Nazi Party voting paradox emerges in tale of two villages
The village in Germany that formed the most united front against the Nazis nestles next to one with total support of Adolf Hitler. This unlikely tale of two villages is told in "Hauenstein gegen Hitler" (Hauenstein against Hitler), by historian Theo Schwarzmueller, that sheds light on how religious differences influenced politics in Nazi Germany. In March 1933, the village of Hauenstein cast over 92% of its votes for a joint Catholic ticket fronted by the Centre Party. 3 years earlier, the nominally Protestant Darstein had become famous as the first village to vote exclusively for Hitler. It did so again in 1933.
Elderly Germans discover Hitler made them Nazi party members
Hundreds of elderly Germans are being confronted with the revelation that they were recruited into the Nazi party. Historians researching Nazi party archives in Frankfurt have discovered that a group of prominent Germans were among those automatically granted membership to celebrate Adolf Hitler's birthday. According to records, they were part of a group born 1925-1927 recruited en masse on the Führer's birthday on 20 April 1944. The findings have unleashed a debate over the extent to which Germans were willing followers of the Nazis and how many were unknowingly sucked into the party machine.
Aug. 20 -- Hitler Endorsed by 9 to 1 in Poll on his Dictatorship
89% of the German voters endorsed plebiscite Chancellor Hitler's assumption of greater power than has ever been possessed by any other ruler in modern times. The German people were asked to vote whether they approved the consolidation of the offices of President and Chancellor in a single Leader-Chancellor personified by Adolf Hitler. The endorsement gives Chancellor Hitler, who four years ago was not even a German citizen, dictatorial powers unequaled in any other country, and probably unequaled in history since Genghis Khan. The question that interests the world now is what Chancellor Hitler will do with such unprecedented authority.
Munich: Stronghold of the Nazi party - Hunting lost Nazi sites
Nazi past lingers in Munich: the birthplace and stronghold of the National Socialist party. As a boy Von Halasz found a picture of his grandfather in a WWII SS uniform. Curiosity led him wrote "Hunting Nazis in Munich," a book on lost sites tied with Adolf Hitler: The meeting place for the Thule Society, considered a precursor of the Nazi party. The house where Adolf Hitler stayed when he arrived in 1913, the site of the beer hall where the SS was founded, the room where the Nazi party proclaimed its 25-point program. Munich's beer hall culture helped the Nazi party take shape: At the Hofbräuhaus on Feb. 24, 1920, Hitler gave a 2 1/2 -hour speech to 2,000 supporters.
Nazi hero: Member of the Nazi party who saved 250,000
There was chaos on the streets of Nanjing in December 1937 when Japanese troops stormed the capital of China, bent on the slaughter still known as the "Rape of Nanking." For some a saviour was at hand: a member of the Nazi party who offered refuge and helped save the lives of more than 250,000 people. With his swastika armband, John Rabe seems an unlikely hero, but his courage and the selfless way he administered the safety zone means for many people here he remains the hero of Nanjing. Rabe's account of the Nanjing in his 1,200-page diary is detailed, and it has become a key account of the time. His story is soon to be turned into a Hollywood movie.
Uniformly dangerous dreamers - What drove the Nazis?
Adolf Hitler had no military experience apart from his time as a corporal during the WWI. By 1943 he was monopolising 72 state functions. Von Loringhoven's account of the final days in Führerbunker shows what dreamers the Nazis were, Hitler most of all. Heinrich Himmler was barely 40 when he directed the mass exterminations. He was aware of the need to legitimise the half-baked claptrap on which the Third Reich was based, a heady combination of historical fantasy, bad science of Ahnenerbe and neo-paganism. Dr Theodor Hupfauer, Albert Speer's right-hand man, has said how exciting those times were, The Nazi party was a young people's progressive party.
Max Hirschberg - Courtroom battles with Adolf Hitler and Nazi party (Article no longer available from the original source)
Max Hirschberg was fighting a desperate battle against Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party. In three trials in the late 1920s and early 1930s he faced off with Adolf Hitler in court. Colleagues warned Hirschberg he was risking a violent attack by Nazis if he played his trump card in a libel suit brought by Hitler against the Munich Post - He brought forward former Nazi Werner Abel, who was able to verify Hitler's backdoor deal with Benito Mussolini to surrender claims to the South Tyrol. In 1932 Hirschberg defended the Munich Post again, when a group of Nazis sued the paper for publishing an article that the faction planned to murder Ernst Rohm.
Third Reich and the British Royals in Nazi uniforms (Article no longer available from the original source)
One picture stands out among the many photographs included in this book. A teenage Prince Philip is shown in the front row at the 1937 funeral procession in Germany of his sister and brother-in-law (Nazi Party members both), who had died in an air crash. But what grabs the attention is not just the young man in his dark formal clothes, but the contrast Philip presents with the relatives flanking him, all of whom are in Nazi uniform. They are his 3 remaining brothers-in-law, including Prince Christoph of Hesse in SS regalia, as well as Christoph's brother, Prince Philipp of Hesse, decked out in the garb of the equally sinister SA, the Nazi Party's own army.
Film examines religious leaders’ support of Nazi Party
In 1933, when Adolf Hitler rose to power, many of Germany’s religious leaders viewed the Nazi Party as a vehicle for the country’s spiritual revival. Three men in particular — all prominent Protestant theologians — saw Hitler’s ascent to power as God’s blessing. Paul Althaus, Gerhard Kittel and Emanuel Hirsch eventually joined the Nazi Party and to varying degrees rationalized Hitler’s killing of millions of European Jews. The movie is based on Robert P. Erikson’s book “Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust.”
Man recalls his teen years among the Nazis - not a typical war story (Article no longer available from the original source)
It begins simply: "Jan Makkreel spent his teen years in the Netherlands during the Nazi invasion and occupation." A couple of pages later he drops a bomb: "I was labeled a teenage Nazi collaborator." His uncle joined the Waffen SS, the combat arm of Adolf Hitler's Nazi party, to fight the Russians. His uncle had a friend who became part of the Gestapo, the secret police in Nazi Germany. His uncle asked him to join the Youth Storm in Holland, a group like Hitler Youth, but "that military stuff was not for me," Makkreel said. In 1945, even after his uncle had been shot by a Dutch farmer, Makkreel - labeled "Nazi lover" - remained a target of scorn.
My Grandfather, the Nazi - One of the highest Nazis in Lower Silesia
What did grandfather do during the war? Jens Schanze deals with the question in his documentary "Winterkinder" (Winter's Children), a journey into his family's past. He was one of the Nazis highest functionaries in Lower Silesia, which now forms part of Poland. He was a member of the SA, Hitler's private storm troopers and a fervent anti-Semite. And he followed Hitler faithfully to the end.
British postwar interrogation camp turned Germans into living skeletons who died of malnutrition
Despite the 6 bloody war years James Morgan-Jones, a major in the Royal Artillery, was horrified: "The man literally had no flesh on him, his state of emaciation was incredible." At the same time a doctor at an internment camp 130 stated that 8 men transferred from Bad Nenndorf "were all suffering gross malnutrition ... one... dying". At Bad Nenndorf the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre (CSDIC) ran a secret prison during the British occupation of north-west Germany in 1945. At first British tortured members of the Nazi Party and SS, later civilians who had prospered under Hitler.
Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany: Christian Nationalism, Anti-Semitism
The Nazis and Adolf Hitler are commonly thought of as representing the antithesis of Christianity and Christian values. If that's true, why did tens of millions of German Christians adore Hitler, join the Nazis, and participate in the Holocaust (among other atrocities)? Hitler and the Nazis promoted a Christian nationalism, anti-communism, anti-Semitism, and return to traditional values which most Christians appreciated. The Nazi party platform specifically endorsed 'positive' Christianity.
Hitler and Socialism: Why the Nazi party was not particularly socialist
Many conservatives insist that the Nazis were an example of a 'socialist' government as part of their effort to discredit socialism and leftist policies in general. During his drive to power, Hitler exploited social unrest by promising workers to strengthen their labor unions and increase their standard of living. But these were empty promises; privately, he was reassuring wealthy German businessmen that he would crack down on labor once he achieved power.
Talking to Hitler's lost tribe - Interviewing former Nazis
The award-winning film-maker Laurence Rees has spent the past 15 years tracking down and interviewing former Nazis. A remarkable photograph hangs on the wall of his office. It shows a convivial outdoor tea party of Magda Goebbels, her husband Josef, and inconspicuously in a corner, Adolf Hitler himself, taking tea and staring. He has almost certainly interviewed more former Nazis than any other Briton alive. It has been his quest for the past 15 years to track them down and persuade them to talk on camera with extraordinary and sometimes appalling frankness, in an attempt to understand what persuaded them to do what they did.
Prince Charles Edward joined the Nazi party before the WW2 (Article no longer available from the original source)
The Royal Family has had a closer brush with Nazism than fancy dress within living memory. Prince Charles Edward, a first cousin of the Queen's grandfather, joined the Nazi party before the Second World War and was fined by a de-Nazification tribunal after Germany's defeat. Charles Edward gave glowing reports of life under Hitler to his cousin Edward VIII. In the 1930s, Charles Edward joined the German National People's Party, which in 1933 went into coalition with Hitler's Nazis. When it was dissolved Charles Edward became a Nazi.
Rudolf Hess Speeches
Rudolf Hess was one of the first people to join the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). In November, 1923, Hess took part in the Beer Hall Putsch. He was arrested and sentenced to 18 months in prison. While in Landsberg Hess acted as Adolf Hitler's secretary to type Mein Kampf. --- Electing Adolf Hitler Führer, 8/4/1934: "National Socialists! Fellow German citizens! I have rarely given a speech as difficult as this one. It is a challenge to attempt to prove the good of something as obvious as Hitler's assumption of Hindenburg's position. For fourteen years I have been convinced that he is the only man able to master Germany's fate."