FDR ordered American military forces to shoot on sight months before Pearl Harbor
In 1941: Fighting the Shadow War: A Divided America in a World at War, historian Marc Wortman depicts how President Franklin Roosevelt led America into war long before Pearl Harbor while the nation remained deeply divided over its role in World War II. By September 1941, American `Neutrality Patrol` ships were sailing deep within Hitler`s declared Atlantic Ocean combat zone. Violent confrontation between the U.S. and Germany was inevitable. The first shots of the `undeclared war` were fired on September 4, 1941.
machine used to send coded messages between Hitler and his generals sold for £10 on eBay
One of the machines used to send coded messages between Adolf Hitler and his generals sold for £10 on eBay after being discovered in a shed in England. Researchers at The National Museum of Computing at Bletchley Park saw a "telegram machine" for sale on the auction site for £9.50, and believed it may have actually been a Lorenz machine, used by the German army to send top-secret coded messages. To investigate further, Wetter travelled to the town of Southend where he found the machine, which resembles a typewriter, on the floor of a shed, covered "with rubbish". "We said `Thank you very much, how much was it again?` She said `£9.50`, so we said `Here`s a £10 note - keep the change," he added.
WWII Veteran, Who Fought To Expose Secret Mustard Gas Experiments, Dies
Charles "Lindy" Cavell could never forget what the U.S. military tried to hide. Cavell fought to bring to light the secret WWII mustard gas testing program he had participated and for VA compensation for the test subjects. Cavell was featured prominently in an NPR investigation last year that found the Department of Veterans Affairs failed to notify mustard gas test subjects of their eligibility for compensation, and denied help to those who qualified for it. Cavell was a 19-year-old Navy recruit fresh out of boot camp in 1945 when a commanding officer offered the chance to participate in a "special program." The officer gave few details, but said volunteers would get two weeks` vacation and an award in exchange for participating.
Conflict-Series: A highly rated strategy game series for Android
If you love classic PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, Invasion of Poland 1939, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, the Battle of Bulge, and the Battle of Berlin 1945. In addition there are American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War scenarios available.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store)
Soviet tanks in WWII: Correcting the errors of the first 2 years
Following the German invasion of June 1941 it took a long time for the USSR to recover from the miscalculations made in the pre-war years, and it cost the country vast losses in infantry and materiel. But by the third year of the war many of the errors had been fixed, and the Red Army had got rid of its massive unwieldy machines, leaving it with a 100-percent modern mechanized force. But while the tank divisions could now boast better motorization and better-trained crews, problems still remained, the most important of which concerned tactics for using the armored forces. Here the Soviet generals still had a lot to learn.
Austria launches action to seize Hitler`s house
Austria`s government submitted a law to seize the house where Hitler was born, in a bid to stop the building from becoming a neo-Nazi shrine. The large corner house in the quaint northern town of Braunau am Inn near the German border where the Nazi dictator was born in 1889 has been owned by the family of a local woman for more than a century.
Nazi memorabilia to go under the hammer, including clothes that belonged to Hitler
A section of a rope used to hang Austrian Nazi Ernst Kaltenbrunner in Nuremberg in 1946 is set to go under the hammer in Munich along with clothes that belonged to Adolf Hitler and other Nazi memorabilia. Another item to be auctioned off is Nazi Commander of the Luftwaffe Hermann Goering`s brass container for the hydrogen cyanide phial used for his suicide two hours before his scheduled execution on October 15th, 1946. The items are from the collection of the American doctor John K. Lattimer, who served as a medical officer during the War Crimes Trials in Nuremberg.
Star-spangled mystery: what became of lost Iwo Jima flag-raising photos?
History has not been kind to Army Pfc. George Burns or Marine Sgt. Louis Burmeister. Both military photographers were on Mount Suribachi on Feb. 23, 1945, when six U.S. warriors raised the Stars and Stripes to alert the world that the bloody battle of Iwo Jima was all but won. And both claimed they took their own versions of the iconic shot that won Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal a Pulitzer Prize. That`s where military history becomes mystery. The photos they said they shot have never been seen by the public and may be forever lost. Or perhaps they never existed, which is the Marine Corps` explanation.
Valuable Second World War RAF jacket was lying in a tin trunk
A couple of weeks ago Mellors & Kirk sold a tin trunk found in the attic of the Long Eaton home of an elderly gentleman who has recently gone into residential care. In it, lying carefully preserved, was either his own or a close family member`s World War Two Royal Air Force pilot`s dress jacket, sheepskin lined leather flying boots, and a contemporary British army serge battledress. It is highly likely it had been there since the 1940s. At the sale, online bidders and those in the room sent the price sky-high to £4,400.
Britain`s War: Into Battle, 1937-1941 by Daniel Todman
In Britain`s War Daniel Todman only needs 200 of his pages to take us to September 1939, having begun with the coronation of King George VI in 1937. Todman`s pace picks up nicely once Britain is actually at war. As a gifted historian with a good track record in the military events of the period, Todman is playing to his own strengths. He tells the big story well but also illustrates his themes with many small stories and appealing anecdotes.
Italy finds wreck of WWII submarine with 71 bodies in it near Sardinia
The sunken wreck of a long-lost Second World War submarine, thought to contain the bodies of 71 servicemen sealed inside its airtight chambers, has been found by divers off the coast of Sardinia.
Harald Sandner Spent 25 Years Documenting Every Day of Hitler`s Life
Harald Sandner got so annoyed by seeing the wrong dates being thrown around in historic works that he decided to take on the task of reconstructing each day of Hitler`s life. Sandner, spent 25 years collecting pictures, documents and archival materials and traveling across Europe on his own expense. The result of all this is Das Itinerar (The Itinerary) – a 2400-page book that doesn`t only list where the Führer spent each day of his life, it also documents the means of transportation he used to get there and what he did in each place – down to the number of audience members at speeches and events.
20 Pictures That Proved To The German People That The Atlantic Wall Could Not Be Breached
20 Pictures That Proved To The German People That The Atlantic Wall Could Not Be Breached.
478 Dorothea Lange Photographs Poignantly Document the Internment of the Japanese During WWII
478 Dorothea Lange Photographs Poignantly Document the Internment of the Japanese During the Second World War.
The never before seen secret pictures of Adolf Hitler he wanted destroyed
The until-now secret collection of images were taken during the Nazi dictator`s private speech rehearsals. Photographer Heinrich Hoffmann disobeyed a direct order by the then 34-year-old Führer to bin the photos after he claimed they were `beneath one`s dignity`.
Four Surviving WW2 U-Boats You Can Actually Visit
Germany put nearly 1,250 U-boats to sea in World War Two. Of those, nearly 800 were destroyed by Allied ships and aircraft, 220 were intentionally scuttled by their crews at war`s end, 156 were handed over to the British and Americans on VE-Day (116 of those were later sent to the bottom), 50 were declared missing and six were captured in action. Today, only five U-boats remain and four of them are open to the public. So where can you visit these fascinating relics?
The British Resistance: Auxiliary Units (WW2 Podcast)
By the end of June 1940 the Battle of France was over, the British Army had been plucked from the Beaches of Dunkirk, but much of its heavy equipment had been abandoned in France. It looked like Britain would be the next target for the Nazi war machine. On the 14th of May 1940 Anthony Eden had called on men in Britain who were not in military service but wished to defend their country to enrol in the Local Defence Volunteers. Another group was also created, a clandestine army that in the event of invasion would be called upon. Britain would be the first nation to have a pre-planed resistance network, the went under the unassuming name of Auxiliary, or Aux Units.
Soviet tanks in WWII: The fatal cost of errors
In terms of quality and quantity, the Soviet armored tank forces at the beginning of WWII were one of the strongest in the world. In 1941 there were more than 25,000 tanks in the Red Army. In comparison, Germany had assembled only 4,000 tanks before its invasion of the USSR, which is three times fewer than the number of armored vehicles that the Soviet Union had in its border zone. Specialists point to the fact that a large part of the Soviet machines were out of date or supposed to be written off. But even what remained was impressive in its power. Stalin had at his disposal more than 1,500 new KV and T-34 tanks, which were superior to the German tanks in a number of different parameters.
Churchills bodyguard saved him over 20 times, carried the PMs Colt .45 with orders for Churchill not to be taken alive
Walter H. Thomson travelled over 200,000 miles while protecting Winston Churchill and was said to have spent more time with him than Churchill`s own wife. On top of the constant threat of assassination at the hands of the Nazis, Indian Nationalists and Communists, Churchill also had a habit of voluntarily putting himself in dangerous situation such as IRA attacks, blitz bombing sites and most famously the Siege of Sidney Street, where a bullet allegedly rocketed through his top hat, inches away from his head. Thompson was said to have single-handedly saved Mr Churchill`s life on nearly 20 occasions and it will come as little surprise that after over 14 years of protecting Britain`s most famous minister he eventually had a nervous breakdown.
Bomb-Damage Maps Reveal London`s World War II Devastation
The Luftwaffe dropped thousands of bombs on London from 1939 to 1945, killing almost 30,000 people. 70,000 buildings were completely demolished, and another 1.7 million were damaged. The extent of the damage to each and every one of these buildings was logged and mapped in near real-time by surveyors, architects, engineers, and construction workers. The result is an incredible collection of maps, color-coded by hand, that reveal the extent of the destruction in painstaking detail. Today, the maps remain an invaluable resource for academics, family historians, and even builders trying to avoid touching off unexploded bombs. Now these bomb census maps are available in a beautiful oversized book released to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the end of the Blitz.
The mysteries of a palace in Crimea: Where Joseph Stalin and the Soviet delegation stayed during the Yalta Conference
At the Yalta Conference, which took place in 1945, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill took on the ambitious challenge of creating a geopolitical system that would prevent major global conflicts. From Feb. 4-11, the three leaders met at the Livadia Palace in Crimea and hammered out plans for the United Nations, as well as the division of Europe into the spheres of influence that defined the post-World War II era.
Auschwitz Museum discovered a ring and necklace in a secret compartment at the bottom of a mug
The museum at Auschwitz-Birkenau announced in a statement that its staff had found a mug with a double bottom; in it, they said, was `a women`s ring made of gold and a necklace wrapped in a piece of canvas.` Remarkably, this mug is one of more than 12,000 pieces of enameled kitchenware at the museum.
As a teen, Freddie Oversteegen led nazis to their deaths by seducing them
Freddie Oversteegen was just 14-years-old when she joined the Dutch resistance during the second World War along with her sister, Truus, who was 16-years-old at the time. But the Oversteegen girls had a rather unusual job: Set up the nazis to meet their deaths by seducing them. Oversteegen, who is now 90-years-old, said she now thinks a lot about those who lost their lives during that dark time.
This map predicted how Japan would attack the US during World War II
On November 7, 1937, the Los Angeles Examiner published a prescient map predicting how Imperial Japan could attack the US during World War II. Created by Howard A. Burke, the map imagined a Japanese attack on the US that closely predicted the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor four years later on December 7, 1941. Burke rightly noted that Japan`s first target would be Hawaii and the US fleet docked at Pearl Harbor.
Too Soon Documentary Explores Holocaust Humor
How should we feel about jokes about the Holocaust? That is the question posed by the new documentary The Last Laugh. The film includes interviews with Jewish comedians and a cinema verite portrait of an elderly Holocaust survivor, Renee Firestone, who didn`t let the Nazis take her sense of humor. Director Ferne Pearlstein not only explores the limits of free speech and humor today, she also explores how the Shoah victims and survivors used humor to heal and protect themselves. In the movie, a survivor discusses how they would mock the orders from the guards.