Why Operation Market Garden was a disaster in the planning
Market Garden, the ill-fated Allied operation to break through the German defences in the Netherlands in September 1944, is often portrayed as a risky yet worthy gamble. In truth, argues historian Antony Beevor, it was a flawed idea from the start, more driven by ego than practical considerations
Nazi design, from megalomaniac to kitsch
The Volkswagen Beetle, the swastika or Leni Riefenstahl's films: A museum in the Netherlands presents the first major retrospective of design of the Third Reich, showing how Nazis used it as a propaganda instrument.
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store since 2011)
Nothing Bigger: The Legendary Story of the Ill-Fated Yamato Battleship
The IJN Yamato was impressive, but too slow and vulnerable to air attacks to make much of a difference.
Hitlerâ€™s millionaire backers: how Germanyâ€™s elite facilitated the rise of the Nazis
Stephan Malinowski tells Rob Attar how a cocktail of naked opportunism and misplaced arrogance among Germanyâ€™s most powerful men facilitated the rise of the Third Reich.
Sir Max Hastings: While the Dambuster raidâ€™s strategic impact was almost nil, its propaganda value was immense
Sir Max Hastings talks to Rob Attar about his new book on the RAFâ€™s celebrated attack on the Ruhr dams, which combines tales of heroism with descriptions of a biblical catastrophe.
Montreal documentary looks at Poles exiled to Africa in World War II
Memory Is Our Homeland, a documentary by director Jonathan Durand, tells story of Poles exiled to Africa in the 1940s. These stories were part of a secret history that you wonâ€™t likely read about in your university textbooks.
The Nazi archives: Where Germany's dark past is stored on paper
In April, the Arolsen Archives made more than 13 million documents on victims of the Nazi regime available online. Bad Arolsen in a small town tucked away in the bucolic state of Hessen, near the city of Kassel. It is roughly five hours away from Berlin by train. It is a picturesque and quiet locale, and perhaps unexpectedly, home to Germany's memory in the form of the Arolsen Archives â€” the International Center on Nazi Persecution.
Secret diary of Polish Anne Frank Renia Spiegel to be published
The secret diary of a Polish-born Jewish teenager murdered by the Nazis in 1942 is to be published after 70 years lying untouched in a bank vault. Renia's Diary: A Young Girl's Life in the Shadow of the Holocaust is being released by members of Renia Spiegel's family. The book has been compared to the diary of Anne Frank.
17 Belgians still receiving Nazi collaborator allowance
The German state secretary for labour has revealed that 17 Belgians receive a German allowance for having collaborated with the Nazi regime. 17 Belgians are among to the 63,159 individuals continuing to benefit from a German state allowance for their service to the Nazi regime, according to figures released by German state secretary for labour Kerstin Griese, who also confirmed that 2,487 Belgians aged 88 and above receive a monthly allowance from the German state, but it is impossible to determine whether these pensions are related to war periods.
Panties worn by Eva Braun on auction block
Silk monogrammed white panties once worn by Braun, Nazi dictator Hitlerâ€™s long-time girlfriend and short-lived wife, are being put on the auction block in England. They are expected to fetch at least 1300. Also available is one of her white lace nighties, bearing her personal monogram, which should bring in the same amount as the underwear.
Germany compensates almost 900 more WWII ghetto workers
Almost 900 more ghetto workers received compensation from the government, German media have reported. But critics say it is too little, and that many of those eligible didn't know how to apply for the payments.
After Germans broke a US Navy coded message they knew where they could kill all 3 Allied leaders
In mid-October 1943, after the Germans broke a U.S. Navy coded message, German intelligence learned the date and place of the Tehran conference. Exactly who first came up with the idea of assassinating the Big Three during the conference is unknown (Kaltenbrunner can’t be ruled out), but the plan was approved by Hitler and Kaltenbrunner was told to carry it out. Because of Skorzeny’s recent rescue of Mussolini, he was the logical choice to head the mission.
Meet Hermann Balck – The Trailblazing Panzer General That History Forgot
Balck commanded the 1st Motorized Rifle Regiment during the French campaign and led his troops from the front. After his unit crossed the Meuse River, he orchestrated the decisive breakthrough at Sedan, which allowed Guderian’s panzers to surround the British Expeditionary Force at Dunkirk. Despite this victory, Balck analyzed German tactical shortcomings and theorized a new way in which infantry and tanks would cooperate in kampfgruppen (battlegroups), revolutionizing the way panzer divisions fought. During the Greek campaign, Balck commanded the 3rd Panzer Regiment and put his kampfgruppe ideas into practice while again leading his soldiers from the front. Despite operating in unfavorable mountainous terrain, the panzers of Kampfgruppe Balck defeated Allied troops at Platamon Ridge on the Aegean coast and at Tempe Gorge, opening the road to Athens.
Japan Strikes North: How the Battle of Khalkhin Gol Transformed WWII
80 years ago Soviet and Japanese forces clashed on an obscure river along the border between Mongolia and Manchuria (Manchukuo) called Khalkhin Gol. The battle was the climax of a 6-year-long conflict between Japan and the Soviet Union. The Soviet-Japanese war, 1932-1939, gets scant mention in accounts of WWII. Yet it had a profound effect on Japan's strategic doctrine and paved the way for Tokyo's decision to attack UK/US. Had Japan continued its war with the Soviet Union, the war in the Pacific probably would never have happened. Ever since Japan emerged as an East Asian power in the late 19th century, its strategic doctrine revolved around two views. One group, centered around the Japanese Imperial Army, proposed a Northern Expansion Doctrine or Northern Road (Hokushin-ron). A second group, based in the Imperial Navy, advocated for a Southern Expansion Doctrine or Southern Road (Nanshin-ron).
How Italy Used Human Torpedoes To Terrorize British Battleships During WWII
In order to redress the Naval imbalance during WWII, the Italians conceived a daring operation to attack British ships directly. They borrowed a page from their own history in World War I, and managed to knock two British battleships out of the war. In 1918 a team of Italian divers entered Pula Harbor and attached a mine to the bottom of the battleship SMS Viribus Unitis. Divers were captured, and confessed to attaching the weapon without indicating the exact spot of its placement. But the Austrians couldn’t find the mine, which exploded and sank the battleship.
World War Two gun battery hidden on a Yorkshire farm for more than 70 years
Four years ago, an East Yorkshire farmer uncovered a valuable piece of World War Two history that had lain hidden on his land for more than 70 years. Oliver White discovered the remains of a four-gun anti-aircraft battery that had once targeted Nazi bombers when he took on the tenancy for Butt Farm, near Beverley.
When U.S. Navy Destroyer Porter fired torpedoes at the battleship USS Iowa carrying President Franklin D. Roosevelt
During World War II, A U.S. Navy Destroyer Nearly Sank America's Best Battleship. Patriotic action movies would have you believe military units regularly perform like well-oiled fighting machines. But sometimes reality is closer to Bill Murray’s Stripes. Such at least was the case of the William D. Porter, whose mishaps were famously immortalized in an article by Kit Bonner.
The Colossus of Prora: from Nazi ruin to holiday resort
Planned for 20,000 guests, Hitler's monumental holiday camp complex on Rügen is a bizarre remnant. DW reporter Maike Grunwald wandered through its ruins in 2005, returned in the summer of 2019 — and was amazed.
Churchill Tank: One the Best Weapons of World War II
Some of the pillboxes on the Goch’s defense line continued to be occupied by German troops still willing to fight. First, Churchill tanks armed with either 75mm cannon or 95mm howitzers would shell the bunker in question. If the Germans inside still held out, then Churchill AVREs, an engineer version armed with a large mortar called a Petard and capable of lobbing 40 pounds of explosives, would move in, protected by the gun-armed tanks. The AVRE would hit the bunker, the massive charge doing damage to the emplacement’s interior and inducing surrender. If that also failed, the Churchill Crocodiles would come in, flamethrowers mounted in their hulls. A stream of flame would be fired, and one last chance for surrender given. If the soldiers in the pillbox still refused to give up, the structure would be doused in fire.
Was killing a monster like Heydrich worth the lives of several thousand people?
On the morning of May 27, 1942, the most dangerous man in Nazi Germany went for his last ride. Reinhard Heydrich was tall, slender, blue-eyed and blond, a perfect specimen of the ideal Nazi man. In his green Mercedes 320 Convertible B he might have been mistaken for a playboy, or a spoiled aristocrat. But SS Obergruppenführer Heydrich was no more romantic than a hangman’s noose or a gas chamber. Ruthless and ambitious, he had risen to become chief of the Reich Main Security Office—second only to Heinrich Himmler in the Nazi security apparatus—and controlled such infamous agencies as the Gestapo.
How BBC fought Hitler with humour, including several satire series
The BBC’s German Service used satire to reach ordinary Germans in World War Two. Its aim was to break the Nazi monopoly on news within the Third Reich. When Robert Lucas began writing Die Briefe des Gefreiten Adolf Hirnschal he had “no idea whether there would be at least 50 people in Germany listening”. He spoke “into the dark without any echo”, as he later described it. That his programme – along with two other satire series called Frau Wernicke and Kurt und Willi – was commissioned in 1940 reveals the bold, experimental approach adopted by the German Service in its infancy.
Wheatcroft Collection Update: 10 Shermans Go Into Restoration
Wheatcroft Collection Update: 10 Shermans Go Into Restoration.
Why Nazi Germany's Aircraft Carrier, the Graf Zeppelin, Never Saw Battle
At the onset of war the Germans decided, probably correctly, that the Graf Zeppelins represented too much of an investment, given other priorities. The second ship of the class was broken up before launching, and work on Graf Zeppelin continued spasmodically across the war. Eventually, Allied naval dominance made the construction of further surface vessels pointless. Graf Zeppelin was scuttled in 1945, raised by the Soviets, and sunk as a target in 1947.
The forgotten Spanish soldiers behind France's liberation from Nazi Germany
Many of the brave soldiers of La Nueve, or the 9th Company that were part of General Leclerc's division have been misidentified as American.