Last of the WWII X-Men dies aged 97: Hero submariner took part in raid to put mines on Nazi battleship Tirpitz off Norway
A war hero who was the last survivor of a courageous attack against the German battleship Tirpitz, died on Sunday. Commander John Lorimer, 97, was captured by the Nazis after the assault in a Norwegian fjord. He later said prison camp was âvery like public schoolâ. Using midget submarines and armed with explosives he took on the fearsome ship in September 1943.
Citizen 865: The Hunt for Hitlerâs Hidden Soldiers in America
Debbie Cenziperâs book, âCitizen 865: The Hunt for Hitlerâs Hidden Soldiers in America,â published Nov. 16, began with a conversation âin the last hour of 2016 at a New Yearâs Eve party in Rockville.â A U.S. Justice Department lawyer introduced Cenziper to the compelling story of the Justice Department unit that continued to hunt for Nazis in the United States 70 years after WWII. âI was fascinated by the work of these historians and prosecutors to find the lost Nazis, how they toiled behind the scenes for years without recognition.â
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store since 2011)
Japan Attacked Targets Off California with Submarines During World War II
What made the B-1s class unique was that each submarine housed one Yokosuka E14Y1 scout plane (code named âGlenâ by the Allies) inside a watertight, on-deck hangar forward of the conning tower. A double-track launch rail catapulted the plane to get it airborne. Although the planeâs primary role was scouting and it could do so with a 200-mile radius in a five-hour flight time, it could also carry a maximum bomb load of 340 pounds. The Glenâs second crew member, a gunner, sat facing rearward behind a single 7.7mm machine gun.
German spy agency releases files on Himmler daughter Gudrun Burwitz-Himmler
Germanyâs foreign intelligence agency has declassified documents regarding its employment of the daughter of top Nazi Heinrich Himmler as a secretary in the early 1960s. The BND agency declassified the documents on Gudrun Burwitz-Himmler at the Bild newspaperâs request. The paper previously confirmed the intelligence agency employed Burwitz-Himmler 1961-1963. She worked at the BND at a time when it was led by Reinhard Gehlen, a ex-WWII German general who also worked for U.S. intelligence after the war and employed many former military officers and Nazis as spies.
Replica ceremonial baton made for Hitler's successor Grand Admiral Karl Donitz sells for 25,000 Pounds
A ceremonial baton that was made for Adolf Hitler's successor has sold for almost ÂŁ25,000 at auction. Grand Admiral Karl Donitz was commander of the German navy during World War Two but assumed the role of Fuhrer after Hiter's suicide on April 30, 1945. But a week later Donitz met with Allied commanders to sign the instrument of surrender, bringing an end to war in Europe.
How America's PT Boats Helped Win World War II
When WWII began, the small craft that came to be known as the PT boat was less than 40 years old. The origins of the PT boat can be traced back to the American Civil War. In 1864 Confederate Captain Hunter Davidson developed a forerunner of the PT boat when he fixed an explosive charge to the end of a long pole that jutted out from the bow of a small rowing boat. The PT boat fully matured during World War I. PT boats made during World War I were powered by steam. But steam engines eventually gave way to small internal combustion engines that offered faster speed and were less expensive to produce. The U.S. Navy had little interest during that conflict in PT boats, but by 1938 it became interested in developing them.
Japanese internees' hardships in Siberia revealed
Documents showing how Japanese nationals lived in detention camps in Siberia after WW2 have been discovered in Russia. Russian authorities have made the postwar internees' writings and drawings available to a Japanese government team visiting Moscow in November. The documents about Japanese people in Siberia are kept in the Russian Central State Military Historical Archive in Moscow. Since 1991 Japan has been asking Russia to provide death records and other documents related to Japanese internees. Japanese authorities are continuing efforts to id those who died there. 15,000 of the internees who perished remain unidentified. Japan's welfare ministry in November sent a team to the archive to look into 170 documents that were recently discovered.
Japanese planes fought the U.S. Navy 4 years before Pearl Harbor killing American crew members
America was neutral in the Sino-Japanese War, but that didn't stop Japan. In December 1937, 4 years before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor propelled the US into the war, Japanese planes attacked an American gunboat, the USS Panay, on Chinaâs Yangtze River, strafing and bombing the boat, sinking it, killing three American crew members, and the wounding 45 others. Those same Japanese planes also attacked three Standard Oil tankers that were being escorted by the gunboat, killing the captain of one of the tankers as well as a number of Chinese passengers.
Somebody opened grave of top Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich in Berlin
Berlin police are trying to find out who opened the unmarked grave of SS officer Reinhard Heydrich, a top Nazi killed by Czechoslovak agents in 1942. An employee at the Invalids' Cemetery in central Berlin found that the grave had been opened. No bones were removed, police say. The Allied occupation forces at the end of World War Two decreed that the graves of prominent Nazis should not be marked, to prevent Nazi sympathisers turning them into shrines.
America Planned to Strike Germany and Japan with 75,000 Reverse-Engineered Nazi Cruise Missiles
One month after the first of thousands of Nazi V-1 âBuzz Bombâ cruise missiles began raining terror and death on London, a Dakota transport plane landed on July 13, 1944, at Wright-Patterson Field in Ohio bearing a sinister cargo: one ton of V-1 parts recovered from dud missiles. The Allies had ample warning of the Nazi missile campaign and undertook massive countermeasures to defeat the V-1 threat. But the U.S. Army Air Force also wanted its own V-1s. It ordered concept work on ten different cruise missiles dubbed the JB (Jet Bomb) 1 through 10.
World War II: Infographics book review
More books have been written about WWII than hours have passed since it ended,â writes editor, Jean Lopez, in the preface to this approach to presenting the last global conflict in a new light. At the heart of any good infographic is a story, and here every page is crammed with fresh, dramatic, exciting and, most importantly, approachable stories about everything from make up of fascist political groups in the run up to hostilities, to the role of the little-known âSilent Serviceâ submarine fleet, to the changing levels of global trade in the aftermath of Germanyâs surrender.
Belgian and Luxembourg royals mark 75th anniversary of Battle of the Bulge
King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of the Belgians marked the 75th anniversary of the Battle of the Bulge alongside Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Mardasson Memorial in Bastogne, Belgium. Also in attendance was US Secretary of Defence, Mark Esper; President of Poland, Andrzej Duda; and the President of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The King addressed those in attendance and began by saying: The Belgian people remember their American liberators. The inscription on this memorial stone is etched on our hearts as well. Our gratitude extends to all the soldiers of the Allied countries, whose many representatives I warmly welcome here today.
M103: America's Heavy Tiger Tank That Was Late To World War II
By 1945, the U.S. Army had cause to regret one of its most fateful choices of World War II: the decision not to build heavy tanks. Its M4 Sherman medium tank was a decent enough armored fighting vehicle when it entered combat in 1942. Yet by the end of the war, the thirty-ton Sherman had repeatedly been pulverized by heavier German tanks like the sixty-ton Tiger, which had a bigger gun and thicker armor. The Germans and Soviets both employed heavy tanks as breakthrough vehicles. The United States was the exception.
Enigma code machine tops 100,000 at Auction
A rare âEnigmaâ machine, used by Nazi Germany to create military communications code thought to be unbreakable, sold at auction for more than $106,000. The 28.5-pound cipher machine went to an internet buyer, according to Heritage Auctions. It comes with operating instructions, a case with an engraved Third Reich emblem -- and a rich lore including how British scientist Alan Turing helped crack the code.
Dutch girls used good looks to coax Nazis out of bars and to their deaths at times pulling the triggers themselves
Dutch girls Hannie Schaft and Freddie Oversteegen used good looks and flirtatious ruses to coax Nazis out of Dutch bars and to their deaths -- at times pulling the triggers themselves. They were among a handful of young women who took on clandestine roles to destabilize Nazis during the Second World War.
Photo album of Polish wartime pilot Antoni Lipkowski sells for 1200 Pounds
A photo album detailing the wartime exploits of a Polish pilot who flew for Britainâs RAF has sold at auction in the UK for GBP 1,200. Antoni Lipkowski saw service as a fighter pilot in the latter years of the war, taking to the skies in the famed Spitfire as the Allies fought for the liberation of Europe.
Italy: World War II bomb triggers evacuation of more than 50,000 people
A British bomb carrying 40 kilograms (88 pounds) of dynamite was discovered in the coastal city of Brindisi. Authorities had to evacuate more than half of the city before attempting to defuse the 1941 ordnance.
The Nazis Built 30,000 V-1 âBuzz Bombsâ to Terrorize London into Submission
In 1939, German scientist Fritz Gosslau began working on a remote-controlled flying bomb. Indeed, the first cruise missiles were anti-ship weapons remotely piloted into warships by an observer in an aircraft. But Gosslau was advised that remote control was impractical for long-range strikes. Instead, he devised a pendulum-based gyrocompass that kept a V-1 on straight line course towards a target. Its autopilot transmitted course-corrections with blasts of compressed air. It was propelled by an Argus jet engine mounted on the rudder that pulsed 3,000 times per minute. The buzz bomb had range of 160 miles and flew at 340-400 miles per hour, allowing it to fly from a launch site in Calais to London in just 15 minutes.
The Submarines That Sank Themselves During World War II
Torpedoes were the main weapons of WWII submarines and they proved vital in winning the war for the allies. These weapons systems weren't free of problems though, as they had many issues that would render them useless in the water. They also had other issues too though, like the uncanny ability to circle back on the submarine that fired them. One of those fatal circular run mishaps was that of the USS Tullibee on July 29th, 1944. The submarine was on her fourth war patrol in the Palau Islands when she registered an enemy convoy on her radar. The crew fired 2 torpedoes, and 2 minutes later, it was rocked by a violent explosion.
Bronze Nazi eagle recovered from the wreck of Hitler's Graf Spee 'pocket battleship' will be sold at auction
It was once the pride of Hitlerâs navy but now an 800lb bronze Nazi eagle from the German âpocket battleshipâ Graf Spee is set to be auctioned off to the highest bidder â amid fears it may end up in the hands of white supremacists. The giant eagle atop a swastika was originally salvaged from the Graf Spee in 2006 but has been tied up in a bitter court fight ever since. It could fetch ÂŁ20 million. Last week, a judge in Uruguay ruled the controversial Nazi symbol must be auctioned off with the proceeds split between a team of businessmen who funded the salvage operation and the Uruguayan government.
The Vlasov Army: Nazi Sympathizers Or WWII Freedom Fighters?
Who exactly was Vlasov and what was his Russian Liberation Army, also known as the Vlasovites? Born in 1901 in what was then imperial Russia, Andrei Vlasov was drafted into the Red Army in 1919 and fought in the Russian Civil War. He joined the Soviet Communist Party in 1930 and traveled to China in 1938 to serve as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek. Vlasov was a top military tactician, who confirmed it on the battlefield, those who studied his background say. Early in the war with Nazi Germany in 1941, Vlasov saved an army from encirclement outside Kyiv, according to military historians.
How the Germans used mobile warfare to conquer France in 1940
During the Battle of France Germans had fewer tanks than the Allies. Moreover, French tanks were more heavily armed and armored than their Wehrmacht counterparts. Several factors served to negate this advantage, however. French tactics dispersed most of their tanks among their divisions in an infantry support role. The Germans concentrated their panzers to strike decisive blows where needed and exploit breakthroughs. German tank crews were usually better trained, and their vehicles were all equipped with two-way radios, allowing them to communicate and coordinate during battle. Only a few French tanks had radios at all, reducing many of them to using signal flags and other methods, which distracted tank commanders from controlling their crews.
8000 gold bars returned from London to Poland after it was hidden from the Nazis in Britain during WWII
Poland has repatriated ÂŁ4 billion worth of gold from London to Warsaw in a top-secret operation. A total of eight night-time flights were made from an undisclosed London airport over the course of several months this year, transporting 8,000 gold bars weighing 100 tons to several locations in Poland. The country's gold reserves have been stored at the Bank of England for decades, having been evacuated from Poland at the outbreak of the Second World War amid fears they would fall into the hands of Nazis.
Java Sea 1942 Reviewed
In Java Sea 1942 Mark Stille looks at the disaster that befell the Allies attempting to stop the Japanese advance into modern day Indonesia at the beginning of 1942, which was then called the Netherlands East Indies. The sequence of naval battles in the Java Sea were a total triumph for the Japanese with practically all the ships opposing them going to the bottom.