Reichstag: The controversial fire of 1933 and Nazi History.
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The Reichstag Fire: a pivotal event in the history of Nazi Germany
It was the evening of 27 February 1933, and shortly after 9 PM, the Berlin Fire Department received a message that the Reichstag was on fire. The building was engulfed by a huge blaze, and the firemen needed more than two hours to put it out. After inspecting the remains, the firemen and the police found 20 bundles of flammable material unburned and lying around. Allegedly, during this time, the freshly sworn Chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, was having dinner with Joseph Goebbels Goebbels had received the call telling that the German parliament was on fire, but at first, he regarded it as fake news and hung up. As the phone rung for the second time, he shared the news with Hitler.
Russia to build replica of Germany`s 1945 parliament building so military youth can practise attacking it
Russia is to build a miniature of Germany`s parliament building so children can practise attacking it, the country`s defence minister has said. The scaled-down version of Berlin`s Reichstag will allow members of a military youth movement to replay the Red Army`s storming of the building in 1945, Sergei Shoigu said. The Yunarmia, or Young Army, was created in 2015 to encourage patriotism among the young and teach them basic military skills.
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75 Years Ago, Reichstag Fire hastened Adolf Hitler's power grab
Fire broke out in the German parliament on Feb. 27, 1933. It was blamed on Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe, caught outside the building. He admitted to the act, stating he single-handedly wanted to take revenge on capitalism. However Prussian Interior Minister Hermann Goering called the event the first act in a planned communist uprising. Lead by police chief Wolf-Heinrich Graf von Helldorf, who headed a section of SA storm-troopers, police arrested many Communist Party members. Historians still disagree whether van der Lubbe acted alone, or if the Communist Party or Nazi Party (NSDAP) set the blaze.
Mikhail Minin, who raised the USSR flag over Reichstag in 1945, died
World War II veteran Mikhail Minin, a Hero of the Soviet Union, who set up the USSR flag, the banner of Victory, over Nazi Germany’s Reichstag in May of 1945, died. He took part in battles to liberate Leningrad from blockade and made his way across the fronts to Berlin. When the Soviet army was assaulting Reichstag on April 30, 1945 Minin broke into the building and became the first man to raise the Red Banner on its tower. However, the famous picture does not show Minin but a Georgian soldier, because it was not taken at the actual event. Minin was recognized for his effort, but not rewarded, as there were no photos taken when the flag was put on the roof on 10 p.m.
The Reichstag fire conviction of Marinus van der Lubbe overturned
Prosecutors have annulled the conviction of Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe, accused of burning down the Reichstag building in 1933. He was convicted of arson and high treason and executed on Jan. 10, 1934. It said that the conviction was overturned automatically under a 1998 law enabling the rehabilitation of people convicted of crimes under the Nazis. Historians still argue whether van der Lubbe set the Feb. 27, 1933, fire, which came just a month after Adolf Hitler's rise to power and was followed by the suspension of civil liberties. Some think the Nazis set it themselves to give Hitler an excuse for his crackdown against a "communist conspiracy."
1933 Reichstag Fire - Germany's UFA lights up over 'Fire'
Nazi Germany's darkest period remains a treasure trove for filmmakers. In "Der Reichstagsbrand" (The Reichstag Fire), Potsdam-based UFA Filmproduktion will explore the circumstances of the unexplained fire that destroyed Germany's parliament building, the famed Reichstag, in the early days of Adolf Hitler's reign. The 1933 blaze paved the way for Adolf Hitler's consolidation of power over the country after the Nazi government blamed the fire on a communist conspiracy. In the wake of the attack, Hitler won a vote granting him powers to rule by decree, making him in effect, a parliamentary-approved dictator.