Schildler`s list: Holocaust hero Oskar Schindler and his dark side.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.
Real Schindler`s list expected to make $2.4m in sale
One of the original `Schindler`s lists`, the documents used by the German industrialist Oskar Schindler to save more than 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, has been put up for sale. The document, commemorated in Thomas Keneally`s Booker prize-winning novel, was among those drawn up to protect Jewish workers from deportation and death. It is expected to make more than $2.4m.
Oskar Schindler`s Abandoned Factory Will Become A Holocaust Memorial
A dilapidated factory that Oskar Schindler once used to save more than 1,000 Jews from Nazi death camps during World War II will be restored into a Holocaust memorial, Czech officials have announced.
Oskar Schindler documents sell for $122,000
Original documents connected to Oskar Schindler fetched $122,000 at an auction in New York. One letter, dated Aug. 22, 1944, describes permission to move an enamelware factory owned by Schindler along with its workers from Poland. Historians say the move allowed the German industrialist to carry out the rescue chronicled in the 1993 Oscar-winning film `Schindler`s List.` The letter was offered by RR Auction in the U.S. The auction also offered the Krakow factory blueprints.
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Legal battle over £2m auction of Schindler`s List: Heiress vs memorabilia trader
A legal battle has been sparked by plans to auction off the one of Oskar Schindler`s original lists for £2million. An original version of the document, which saved some 1,200 Jews from the Nazi gas chambers, has gone up for sale on the website of a U.S. memorabilia dealer. But Erika Rosenberg, an heiress of the Schindlers, says the historic document should be in a museum and is trying to prevent its sale. The website of Gary Zimet, the memorabilia dealer who has arranged the sale, says the rare original copy of the list is "the only one ever to be on the market" and the list`s provenance stems from its links to the family of Yitzhak Stern, Schindler`s Jewish accountant and co-conspirator.
Mietek Pempe, the man who typed up Oskar Schindler`s list, has passed away at 91
Mietek (Mieczyslaw) Pempe, the man who typed up Oskar Schindler`s list, has passed away in Augsburg, Germany, at the age of 91. Municipal authorities ordered flags to be lowered to half-mast in his honour.
Pemper was imprisoned at the Nazi concentration camp Plaszow, where he worked as a typist for its commandant Amon Göth. "I would sit in the commandant`s office and take dictation from him. Suddenly he would stand up, take one of the rifles and open the window. I would hear a few shots and then nothing but screams. As if he had interrupted the dictation only to take a telephone call, Göth would come back to his desk and say, `Where were we?`"
A judge in New York has allowed a memorabilia dealer to auction off an original copy of Schindler`s list
A ruling by Supreme Court Justice Louis York lifted a ban on a plan by militaria dealer Gary Zimet to auction off the only privately held original copy of Oskar Schindler`s list for over $2 million. The list, compiled by Schindler and his accountant Itzak Stern and dated April 18, 1945, is 13 pages and contains 801 names. Schindler biographer Marta Rosenberg claims that the will of Schindler`s widow Emilie gives Rosenberg the rights to anything that belonged to the Schindlers.
Long a World War II tourist site, Schindler factory now a museum
In 1993 Steven Spielberg`s film Schindler`s List set off a flood of tourists to Krakow that still continues. Many come on a pilgrimage to pay homage to Oskar Schindler, the war informant-turned-Nazi who saved over 1,000 Jews. Now the Historical Museum of the City of Krakow has turned the site into a "memory factory" - the city`s first permanent exhibit of Nazi-occupied Krakow. "Krakow Under Nazi Occupation: 1939-1945" -exhibit covers life during the world war two for Poles and Jews, also covering the violence of Polish-Jewish relations against the backdrop of Nazi brutality.
Schindler`s List goes on sale for 1.5 million pounds
The Schindler`s List of Jews saved from the Nazi Holocaust during the Second World War is for sale for £1.5 million. The list of 801 Jewish men, women and children, which belongs to the family of Oskar Schindler`s right-hand man, Itzhak Stern. There are 5 Schindler`s List preserved in the world today, 7 were reputedly made by Oskar Schindler. Two are in the hands of Israeli Holocaust Museum`s, one is in Koblenz in Germany and the other is in the Holocaust Museum in Washington D.C. The other two are unaccounted for.
A Female Oskar Schindler of the Warsaw Ghetto - Irena Sendler
Irena Sendler, nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, saved the lives of 2,500 Jewish children by smuggling them out of the Warsaw ghetto and sending them to families who reared them until they could be reunited with their parents after the war. "The Courageous Heart of Irena Sendler" tells her story with none of the zeal, passion and chaos that her mission involved. The producers strive for a solemnity, but end up with something that feels lazy. When Sendler comes up with the idea she meets resistance: A priest tells her that what she plans is too risky. Another mother says it is impossible for women to let go of their kids willingly.
Schindler`s list discovered in Sydney library archives
A list of Jews saved by a German businessman during World War 2 that went on to inspire the novel and the film "Schindler`s List" has been uncovered in the archives of a Sydney library. Researchers browsing through papers belonging to the Australian author Thomas Keneally at the state library of New South Wales discovered a yellowing roll containing the names of 801 men saved from the Nazis by Oskar Schindler. The 13-page document - hastily typed on 18 April 1945 - was discovered amongst pamphlets, newspaper clippings and photographs. It is thought to be one of only a few copies that have survived.
Mexican diplomat in France saved tens of thousands during the Holocaust (Article no longer available from the original source)
Gilberto Bosques Saldivar ("Mexican Schindler") has never been the subject of a motion picture by Steven Spielberg, and American history books rarely bring up his name. But the former Mexican diplomat, posted in France during World War II, helped save 40,000 Jews and other refugees from Nazi regime. "It is still a chapter of the Holocaust that has not been written. I believe that there are a lot of other cases that we do not know about that are surfacing little by little," said Abraham Foxman, adding that, other than Oskar Schindler and Raoul Wallenberg, most non-Jews who defied the Nazis are not well-known.
Womaniser Oskar Schindler, from Holocaust hero to obscurity
Oskar Schindler saved over 1,000 Jews from the gas chambers, but after 1945 he fell into obscurity and poverty, a new exhibition in Frankfurt shows. After years of ill health and a string of failed business ventures, Schindler died a bitter man aged 66 in 1974, two decades before Steven Spielberg`s 1993 film "Schindler`s List" made him famous. Oskar Schindler liked to drink, was a infamous womaniser and fathered two illegitimate children. His actions before the war suggested neither business insight, nor any readiness to let his conscience get in the way of looking after number one.
Portugal honors diplomat who saved - against orders - thousands from the Nazis
Portugal is restoring the reputation of one of its diplomats who saved thousands during World War II, only to be sacked by his government over fears of angering Nazi Germany. Jaime Gama presided at the launch of a Web site about Aristides de Sousa Mendes, a career diplomat who died in obscurity. The virtual museum (photos, videos and historic documents) meets the family`s calls for authorities to right a long-standing wrong. Sousa Mendes was the Portuguese consul general in Bordeaux. Defying his orders, he gave visas to 10,000 Jews and 20,000 other people fleeing the Nazi advance.
Holocaust survivor Leon Leyson remembers Oskar Schindler
13-yo boys usually hang out with their friends. Not Leon Leyson. At that age he was working 12-hour-shifts, standing on a box so he could reach the lathe, hungry and afraid. That was in 1943, and he was one of the youngest to work in Oskar Schindler`s factory near Krakow. He was there because Schindler had brought Leyson`s father into the factory to work as a tool and dye maker. He was one of the first Jews that Schindler asked to work in the factory. Later he requested to bring his family to work there as well. Schindler agreed. Sometimes when Leyson was working in the factory, Schindler would come down from his office to talk to people.
Britain`s "Oscar Schindler" Sir Nicholas Winton nominated for Nobel
British knight Nicholas Winton is to be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize almost 70 years after he saved hundreds of children from death in Nazi camps. The announcement was made as he was given a hero`s welcome in Prague, from where he plucked the children to safety. In a ceremony attended by some of the kids he rescued, he was also awarded the Czech Republic`s top military honour. "Everyone... was in tears," said Alice Klimova, who was on one of the 8 trains that ferried 669 children to safety as war broke out in 1939. He kept the details of his effort secret, only revealing his role when his wife found letters that detailed the arrangements.
The uniform of a hero -- Irena Sendler
The white-haired woman didn`t look like a World War 2 hero. But that`s exactly what Irena Sendler is: she saved the lives of 2,500 children. In 1939, Sendler was a social worker in Poland when the Nazi Germany invaded the country. The Gestapo imprisoned 450,000 persons in a Warsaw ghetto. Sendler gained access to the ghetto under the pretense of preventing an epidemic. Inside she created an underground network in which children were hidden, given new ids and placed in orphanages. She and her colleagues smuggled children out of the ghetto through pipes, in suitcases and garbage cans.
Secret life of man who saved apprentices from Nazis
Days after Hitler`s rise to power, Ernest Leitz II, who manufactured the Leica camera, began taking on a string of Jewish apprentices from the town of Wetzlar where his optics factory began producing Leicas in 1925. He purposely trained them so that he could transfer them to New York to work in the Leica showroom or at distributors across the US and thus rescue them from the fate that was to befall many others. The numbers he saved, 50 sent to the US plus 23 others, are much smaller than those rescued by Oskar Schindler, to whom he is being compared. But the risks he took were arguably just as high.
Chicago`s "Schindler" who saved 8,000 Poles from Nazis passes away
When the Nazis occupied Poland during World War 2, young Dr. Eugene Lazowski soon figured out the one thing that would terrify the occupiers: disease. Playing upon this German fear, he and a colleague risked their lives to fake an epidemic that led the Germans to quarantine a dozen Polish villages, thus saving lives of 8,000 people. Like Oskar Schindler, who was portrayed in the movie "Schindler`s List," Dr. Lazowski may one day be the subject of a movie. "I was not able to fight with a gun or a sword, but I found a way to scare the Germans," he later told.
Lost Stories - The Schindlers of the North Africa
Robert Satloff believes that if contemporary Arabs knew about Arabs who rescued Jews during the Holocaust, they would reject the Holocaust denial. He begins by relating the often-ignored story of how Nazi Germany, Vichy France and fascist Italy exported their anti-Semitic policies to North Africa. One Arab volunteer military unit, after being flown to Berlin for training, fought with the Germans in Tunisia. Some Arabs were so aligned with the Nazis that they fled to Nazi Germany when the Allies landed. But Satloff has discovered "noble, selfless deeds" by Arabs.
How Chinese Consul General Feng Shan Ho rescued thousands
When the Nazis marched into Vienna in March 1938 surrounded by throngs of cheering Austrians, a Chinese family worried things were about to go from bad to horrific. Monto Ho was living there with his father, Chinese Consul General Feng Shan Ho. During the two years that followed, Feng Shan Ho defied his superior`s orders and issued thousands of visas to the international city of Shanghai for those seeking to escape Nazi oppression. It is unknown how many persons Ho`s father saved, but research indicate he might have approved as many as 500 visas a month for two years.