Claus von Stauffenberg - Controversial hero behind the best known attempt on Hitler`s life.
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Head Deep into the WWII Stockport Air Raid Shelters
The crash of bombs. The crackle of flames consuming homes. The screams of the wounded and the eerie silence of the dead. In late 1938, this was the dreadful soundtrack of the future so feared by the Stockport town council. As part of Greater Manchester, the town was likely to be targeted by Luftwaffe bombing raids when war finally came. Desperate to avoid mass-casualties on an industrial scale, the local authorities scrambled to build a vast network of bomb shelters, capable of housing tens of thousands. The result: a deep underground air raid complex (extending for nearly a mile) almost unparalleled in wartime Britain.
Grave of Hitler's would-be assassin Stauffenberg found in woods of Berlin suburb?
The secret grave of would-be Hitler assassin Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg may have been located in the woodland of a Berlin suburb - a cemetery inspector's will reveals. The Nazis, who killed Stauffenberg along with several other plotters, did not want their graves known. Now, plans have been made to search for the leader of Operation Valkyrie's remains in the woods at Wilmersdorf. The revelations follow the discovery of the will of a cemetery inspector at Gueterfelde graveyard. In the will he claims that his predecessor was awaken by SS officers on the night Stauffenberg faced a firing squad.
Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg dividing Germans
In a poll in 1956 only 20% of people agreed with the idea of naming a school after Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, but eventually the perception in German minds of the plotters changed from that of traitors to heroes. Not far from Berlin's Tiergarten is the German Resistance Memorial Centre, in a building called the Bendlerblock, once the HQ of the German High Command. It tells the stories of people who dared to make stand against Nazi regime. 16,000 were executed by order of the People's Courts, and 30,000 by military tribunals. In one example, the Munich students Hans and Sophie Scholl were tried and guillotined for high treason in February 1943.
The Valkyrie lovers: How a bond between two relatives of the plotters saved them
Fey von Hassell was one of WWII's untouchables. Pampered by wealth on her aristocratic husband's Venetian estate, horrors of the war were a world away. But, on Sept. 8, 1944, that changed as Fey answered a knock on the door. Two Gestapo men who told her that her father, a former German diplomat, had been killed for treason in the aftermath of the Von Stauffenberg assassination attempt on Hitler. For the 'crime' of being a relative of a conspirator, she was arrested and her kids were taken to an orphanage. she owes her survival and sanity to a fellow prisoner - Alex von Stauffenberg, brother of the July plot's leader, Claus.
Son of Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg recalls the true story behind the film Valkyrie
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg left a bomb in the Führer's Wolf's Lair HQ. It exploded, missing its target, and the next day Von Stauffenberg was shot. He was an unlikely assassin: In 1943 his jeep had been strafed by an American plane, leaving him with one eye and one hand with 3 fingers. His son Berthold recalls: "At Easter 1945... conspirators' children were put into an army truck and driven towards Nordhausen station, where we were to be put on the train for Buchenwald." But Allied air raid destroyed the station. "I heard later that a Nazi official who tried to restore order after the raid was lynched... the party's authority was breaking down."
The July 20 plot of 1944 at Wolf's Lair
Claus von Stauffenberg and his aid Werner von Haeften had to move rapidly. The meeting with the Fuhrer had been changed by a half hour due to a visit from Benito Mussolini. Timing was crucial: He had only hours to fuse 2 bombs (2,000 grams of Plastik-W), use them to kill the ruler of Nazi Germany, fly back to Berlin and set in motion the rest of the coup. Location was key as well. Hitler's "Wolfsschanze" (Wolf's Lair) had been constructed near Rastenberg in Eastern Prussia, so that the Fuhrer could oversee the Eastern Front. But the late July heat was too much for the meeting to be held in the Fuhrer's bunker, so it would be held in the cool briefing hut.
Hitler aides "puzzled, saddened" by von Stauffenberg assassination attempt
"This isn't the Claus von Stauffenberg I knew," said baffled SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler about unsuccessful assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler, echoing views heard across the Nazi high command. Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels was equally amazed. "If Claus disagreed with the Fuhrer, why didn't he say something? He had plenty of opportunities to speak up," said Goebbels. "I had lunch with Claus just a month ago. I thought I knew him. We were colleagues. Friends. He didn't have a single negative word to say about Hitler," explained Party chancellery head Martin Bormann.
Documentary: Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler
The 70min "Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler" has 1.5 hours of "Essential Extras," and a 52min HD broadcast version. Based on the biggest collection of eye-witness accounts and produced with the official German Resistance Foundation devoted to the memory of the conspirators, the documentary features interviews with Philipp Baron von Boeselager (the last living conspirator who escaped Hitler's wrath) as well as the man who procured the explosives for Claus von Stauffenberg. With over 20 interviews, it features leading scholars and historians on the conspiracy.
The 'Myth' of the Would-Be Hitler Assassin Claus Graf von Stauffenberg
Claus Graf von Stauffenberg, who tried to kill Adolf Hitler with a bomb on July 20, 1944, is everywhere. But does he deserve all the attention? His assassination attempt, in the Führer's HQ known as the "Wolf's Lair," was "an act of liberation..." forming a model for today's military: The men of July 20, 1944 obeyed "responsibility, honor and conscience," Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung said. But not everybody is happy with the overblown idolization of Stauffenberg. Peter Steinbach, head of the German Resistance Memorial Center, warned against "myth formation" noting that Stauffenberg only gradually turned against the nazi regime 1942-1943.
To kill the Fuhrer - Claus von Stauffenberg almost changed history
Claus von Stauffenberg was executed in 1944 after a bomb that he placed almost killed Adolf Hitler. His oldest son Berthold explains how his father almost changed history... Name Stauffenberg is fairly well known. But Axel von dem Bussche or Ewald von Kleist? These men also prepared to risk their lives in plots to assassinate Hitler. It is hoped that an accurate portrayal of the July Plot - Operation Valkyrie - will, in the words of Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck "do more for the image of Germany than ten football World Cups." Few periods in history have been so obsessed about as Nazi Germany. But only a minority is aware of its resistance movement.
Valkyrie film: 11 injured as the side of Wehrmacht military vehicle opens
11 extras have been injured after falling off a truck on the German set of Tom Cruise's movie Valkyrie: real-life story of a plot to kill Adolf Hitler in 1944. One man was seriously injured in the accident, which happened when the side of the Wehrmacht military vehicle burst open as it drove around a corner. The truck is now being inspected for technical defects. Valkyrie has faced criticism in Germany, where crew were banned from filming at the former staff quarters where Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, who led the plot, was executed. The building, known as the Bendler Block, is now a memorial for Third Reich resistance fighters.
Family of German Resistance Hero Stauffenberg Condemn Cruise
Tom Cruise is set to play the role of a war officer Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg who tried to assassinate Hitler. But relatives have criticized the casting, fearing Cruise will bring Scientology into the film. Claus von Stauffenberg was a German Wehrmacht officer who joined the resistance against the Nazis because he believed Adolf Hitler's military ambitions would destroy the country. On July 20 1944, he planted a bomb in a briefing room next to Adolph Hitler. The bomb exploded and killed several high-ranking officers but the Führer survived because an oak table took the brunt of the explosion.
Nina von Stauffenberg - Widow of Hitler "assassin" dies
Nina von Stauffenberg, widow of the aristocratic Nazi army officer who tried to kill Adolf Hitler with a briefcase bomb, has died. She was 92. Col. von Stauffenberg was one of the best known internal German resistance fighters during WWII, leading the failed attempt to kill Hitler with a briefcase bomb placed under a conference table on July 20, 1944. Four people died in the bombing, but Hitler was only superficially wounded after an aide moved the briefcase before it exploded. Von Stauffenberg, along with other members of the resistance, were shot and their families arrested by the Gestapo.