German V1, V2 Rockets (Nazi vengeance weapons).
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Peenemünde Army Research Center - abandoned German rocket factory
The Heeresversuchsanstalt Peenemünde (Peenemünde Army Research Center), was built starting in 1936 and finished within a year using slave workers from concentration camps. In 1942 an A-4 (later called V-2) from Peenemünde was the first object built by humans to reach outer space, and the rocket factory became known as the `Cradle of Spaceflight.` But starting in 1944, the V-2 rockets assembled at Peenemünde were shipped out to be used in attacks against Great Britain, France, Belgium, and others. As demand grew and more workers were needed to assemble the rockets, Peenemünde was given its own concentration camp of slave workers for production.
Intact V2 Rocket Head Found in Poland
In Dobryninie in South East Poland a valuable discovery has been made, the remains of a V2 Rocket that crashed there in 1944 has been found! They were able to locate it thanks to Roman Rusin who, after keeping it quiet for years, decided to reveal the secret that his father, Colonel of the Home Army – Alexander Rusin, guarded for over 70 years. Rusin, being with the partisans in the surrounding forests, noted how the launched rocket broke into two parts. One part fell a kilometer away in so-called Węgliskach, while the front part of the crashed here. The first part of the rocket was hidden by partisans in the fall of 1944, the head of the V2 Rocket lay here for over 70 years.
Paul Allen`s museum at Paine Field displays 1 of 16 remaining V2 rockets
Had WW2 not ended when it did, Nazi Germany likely would have sent more V-2 rockets hurtling toward potential victims. One of those missiles is now in Everett. The restored rocket was brought to the Flying Heritage Collection museum at Paine Field recently. The rocket stands 46 feet high, its nose nearly scraping the hangar`s 50-foot ceiling. Billionaire Paul Allen added the rocket to his collection of World War II-era aircraft and weapons in 2003, and its restoration was recently completed. The rocket is one of only 16 left in the world, according to the website V2rocket.com.
Tale of British woman killed by Hitler`s final V2 rocket in 1945
Travelling at 1,600 miles per second, the last V2 rocket launched by the Nazis in 1945 hurtled across the English Channel bound for an anonymous Orpington street. Carrying enough explosives to reduce a tower block to rubble, the missile devastated homes in Kynaston Road and claimed the final civilian casualty of the war on British soil – 34-year-old Ivy Millichamp. Colin Philpott`s new book "A Place in History" has unearthed the story 77 years after Ivy`s death on March 27, 1945 – revealing how she acquired a macabre form of celebrity. He said: "A lot of other people were injured, but remarkably Ivy was the only fatality from the blast."
Remembering Hitler`s V-2 rocket 70 years after it made its first successful flight
Photo gallery remembering Adolf Hitler`s lethal V-2 rocket - the world`s first long-range combat-ballistic missile - 70 years after it made its first successful flight, and some of its successors.
Video: V2 rocket - Engine of war and discovery
"Without the V2 maybe we wouldn`t have gone to the moon," explains Doug Millard of the Science Museum in London. The first long-range ballistic missile was created by Nazi Germany in 1944 to rain destruction on London. But one of the scientists behind the V2, Wernher von Braun, went on to develop the technology in the US to build the first rockets of the space age including the Saturn V rocket of the Apollo programme. Professor Colin Pillinger talks to Millard about the legacy of the V2 and why the museum named it a 20th century icon alongside penicillin, the x-ray machine and electric telegraph
Royal Engineers Museum begins restoration of Nazi V-2 Rocket missile for display
A rare surviving example of one of Hitler`s V-weapons, captured by the Corps of Royal Engineers at the end of WWII, is to be restored, re-assembled and displayed at the Royal Engineers Museum Library and Archive at Brompton. The V-2 Rocket, in a relic but stable state with some of its inner workings intact, has been acquired by the museum after 40 years at the Royal School of Military Engineering at Chattenden. Currently with Borley Brothers engineers in Cambridge, where a restoration will strengthen the rocket and return it to its original condition. More than 1,000 of V-2 rockets reached targets in Britain killing thousands. It was the world`s first ballistic missile and arrived unheard and unseen to deliver almost a ton of explosive at a speed of 3,500 feet per second.
Nazi V-2 rocket found intact in Essex mudflats 600ft off the shore (photos)
When Reuben Day saw one of V-2 rockets falling just off the coast of East Anglia in 1944 he informed the police straight away. But despite Day, then a young fishermen, showing police the unexploded rocket lying in the mud - it remained there largely undisturbed for 68 years. Over the years the deadly Nazi missile has only been approached by the occasional sailor using the 2ft of metal which protruded from the mudflats at low tide to moor their boats. However, now a 6-man team of Royal Navy bomb disposal experts are working urgently to make sure the rusting rocket`s one-ton warhead won`t detonate.
Hitler`s Rocket Soldiers: Firing the V-2s Against England by Murray Barber and Michael Keuer
Little has been written about the German WWII special troops whose role was to protect and fire the operational A4 (V2) rocket under field conditions. As the result of many years tracking down the few remaining veterans the authors have complied 11 individual biographies of rocket troops whose pre-combat occupations included a scientist, chemist, engineer, toolmaker and builder. The book offers a rare insight into the day-to-day lives of the rocket troops including their personal combat experiences and their interactions with such Peenemünde notables as Dr. Wernher von Braun and Major General Walter Dornberger.
Operation Crossbow: How 3D glasses stopped V-1 and V-2 rockets
V-1 missiles and V-2 rockets brought terror to England. Their impact could have been all the more devastating were it not for the fact that British intelligence worked in three dimensions. Their secret weapon was a stereoscope - a simple Victorian invention which brought the Nazi landscape into 3D. 3D glasses allowed the PIs (photographic interpreters) to measure height of unidentified new structures - such as rockets and their launch sites. All they needed were maps: Pilots from the Photographic Reconnaissance unit, created in 1940, risked their lives by flying unarmed - well, each Spitfire had 5 cameras - over Europe to take millions of photos, generating 36 million prints.
Peenemünde section leader wrote that Wernher von Braun had nothing to do with V-2 rockets
German academic Uta Mense has discovered a bitter rivalry between von Wernher von Braun and colleagues at the Nazi rocket base Peenemünde, one of whom told the Americans von Braun had had nothing to do with the V-2 rocket. 3,000 Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Vengeance Weapon 2) ballistic missiles were launched in the last years of WWII. Paul Schröder, a section leader who worked with von Braun at the Nazi military research facility developing the Aggregat-4 (the V-2 rockets), claimed von Braun had been excluded from all decision-making in the Aggregate-4 development after having disgraced himself with a series of failed experiments.
American group - with family history links to the Nazi scientists - tours Peenemunde and the A-4/V-2 launch sites
Touring the forest of eastern Germany on the Baltic Sea, Heidi Weber Collier saw a little of her family`s history. She was among 30 Americans whose interest in the area dates back to the days of Dr. Wernher von Braun`s first attempts to send a rocket in space. Collier`s father – German engineer Fritz Weber – was among the 2,000 scientists who worked on Nazi rockets. Collier`s family past includes Peenemunde, the V-2 rocket, and the ruins of the Third Reich. But her family history also covers the Explorer I rocket, NASA`s Marshall Space Flight Center, the Saturn V rocket and the first man on the moon.
T-Force: The Race for Nazi War Secrets, 1945 by Sean Longden
Ian Fleming`s James Bond novel Moonraker - about a villain with nuclear-rocket technology - was inspired by author`s real-life WWII experiences in a secret military unit. Fleming worked with Target-Force, which brought Nazi rocket scientists to UK before they were seized by the Russians. Military historian Sean Longden has spotted uncanny similarities between Fleming`s work and the Moonraker. plot. For example Bond villain Hugo Drax`s Moonraker project was similar to Operation Backfire (a British project to test Nazi V2 rockets). Drax`s henchman Dr Walter was in real life Dr Hellmuth Walter, who ran the Walterwerke factory (the V1 and V2 rocket engines).
Nazi V2 engine heading for Stafford Air & Space Museum in Weatherford
An engine that powered missiles for Nazi Germany before its technology lifted Americans into space will be travelling from Norman to its new home in Weatherford. The German V2 engine has spent 2 weeks at Bergey Wind Power in Norman, where the staff constructed a custom platform on which to place the engine at Stafford Air & Space Museum in Weatherford. V2 rockets were ballistic missiles that the Nazis developed - and about 100 engines were brought to the U.S. after World War II. This one is the only one historian Dan Stroud knows of in the state, though the Science Museum Oklahoma has a full-size replica of the V2 rocket.
Hitler`s V2 rocket factory in Peenemuende gets lift from German stimulus plan
Rows of deserted gray housing with broken windows create an eerie background to the streets of Peenemuende, the remote site where the Nazis once built secret missiles. The only historical attraction for visitors is a museum devoted to rocket science, based in the former Nazi rocket factory. Now the Historical Technical Information Center has gotten 3.9 million euros for restoration. Peenemuende is where the first rocket was launched into space on Oct. 3, 1942. Known as the Aggregat 4 and created by a team of Nazi-financed scientists under the leadership of Wernher von Braun, it was the forerunner of Vergeltungswaffe 2, or V-2 (Vergeltungswaffen).
Germans shun rocket legacy - The Peenemuende testing site mostly ignored (Article no longer available from the original source)
The space race began on a remote island off the Baltic coast in 1942 when a team under Wernher von Braun set up the bases for sending man to the moon, as they were testing the first long-range ballistic missiles - one of the last century`s most important technological breakthroughs. But Germans don`t celebrate the location because of the moral ambiguity. The rockets ("Vengeance Weapon 2" or "V2s") were built to give Adolf Hitler a weapon that could ravage enemy cities without putting a crew in danger. V2s and V1s ("doodlebugs") killed 15,000 people and 20,000 slave laborers died building them.
Museum that is home of Nazi`s V rocket program is expanding (Article no longer available from the original source)
German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania hopes to prevent a museum in Peenemuende, dedicated to the history of the Nazis` rocket program, from going under by expanding the facility to attract more tourists. The state had lent the museum an unrevealed sum to keep it going until a new concept for its future can be shaped. The museum, in the former power station of the research complex where V-1 and V-2 rockets (the first ballistic rockets) were designed by Nazi scientists and built by forced laborers 1942-1945, has long been at the center of the village`s attempts to rebuild itself.
World War II German V-1 rocket draws watchers on I-5
It`s not common that a V-1 rocket from Nazi Germany rolls down I-5 through Everett. Now it`s happened as the World War II relic owned by Paul Allen was transported from a museum at the Arlington Airport to Paine Field. The disarmed V-1 was the first of 15 items in Allen`s Flying Heritage Collection to be moved to a 51,000-square-foot former repair hangar at Paine Field. The rocket drew stares and pointing from drivers as it crawled along from Arlington to Everett. One couple who stopped next to the rocket could read the writing on the tail part of the camouflage-painted V-1 rocket.
Nazi rocket scientist Wernher von Braun`s secret 1934 papers for sale
A once top-secret manuscript, a milestone in the development of modern rockets, is to go under the hammer. Wernher von Braun created the 166-page document for his PhD dissertation in 1934. It was was regarded so pivotal to the rocket development that it was seized by the German military and remained classified until 1960. Von Braun developed Nazi Germany`s V2 combat rocket (the Vergeltungswaffen 2 or Vengeance Weapon 2). He surrendered to American troops at the end of WW2 and was merged into the American scientific community. Von Braun went on to become the director of Nasa`s Marshall Space Flight Centre and the architect of the Saturn V launch vehicle for Apollo 8.
June 13, 1944: V-1 Rocket Ushers in a New Kind of Warfare
1944: Third Reich launches the first V-1 rocket, one of Nazi Regime`s wonder weapons, attacks against London. It is the first guided-missile strike against a city in the history of warfare. The V-1 was the world`s first operational guided missile. Built of plywood and sheet metal and burning low-grade fuel, the V-1 was easily mass produced. But the rocket, known as the "buzz bomb" or the "doodlebug," was easily spotted and slow, making it vulnerable to antiaircraft fire and fighters. Of the 9,200 V-1s fired at London, less than 2,500 reached their targets. 6,000 Londoners were killed and 17,000 wounded in V-1 attacks.
Peenemuende Museum highlight German V2 rocket achievements
The site where German scientists developed the V2 rocket during World War II has become very popular tourist attraction. A quarter of a million people each year flock to the northern island of Usedom to visit the Historical Technical Information Centre in Peenemuende. Located in a former power station, the museum details the development of the rockets and scientists. The exhibition show original rocket parts, documentary films of launches and interviews with witnesses of the events. The achievements that led to the launch of the world`s first rocket stand in contrast to the suffering caused by Hitler`s "Vergeltung" or Vengeance weapon V2 and V1.
Space Race starts off from the Third Reich missile program
"Space Race" starts off in a small Baltic village in 1945 with a chilling account of the Nazi missile program, Adolf Hitler`s last hope for saving the Third Reich. There, under von Braun 5,000 nazi scientists were developing the V-2 rocket, Vengeance Weapon. The V-2s were manufactured at Mittelwerk, a giant underground factory. At the end of the war, von Braun escaped capture by Soviet troops and moved to the US with hundreds of other engineers. US turned a blind eye to von Braun`s past in the Nazi Party and SS. The Soviets sent their own team to Germany, bringing back missile parts and thousands of engineers. Sergei Korolyov was put in charge of the V-2 design.
How V2 menace scared Whitehall
Top secret papers reveal that flawed intelligence led to fear of 100,000 deaths in London in first month of rockets. An emergency committee set up to predict the damage that V2 rockets could cause warned Winston Churchill that more than 100,000 Londoners would die in the first month of the bombardment, with the same number severely injured. Spies, led by MI6, discovered in early 1943 that V2 rockets, codenamed Big Ben, were being built by Germany and believed they could strike London at the rate of one an hour carrying 10-ton warheads. The committee considered recommending the complete evacuation of London as soon as the V2s began to fall.
V-2 rocket: Adolf Hitler`s last terror weapon
John Clarke was 6yo when the first V-2 rocket to hit London landed outside his house. The V-2 took just 5 minutes to travel there from its launch site in the Netherlands. At 6.44pm, the tonne of high explosives detonated, creating a crater 10m (30ft) across and 2.5m (8ft) deep. The blast killed 3 people, injured 22 and demolished 6 houses. The attack marked the beginning of a campaign that would claim at least 5,000 lives. The rocket`s title was the A-4, but propaganda minister Josef Goebbels named it Vergeltungswaffe zwei (Vengeance Weapon 2), or V-2. The Nazis hoped the V-2 would rain down on their enemies causing destruction and psychological shock.
Rockets, dearie? Can`t say I`ve noticed
On Sept 7, 1944, the Home Secretary issued an statement: "the Battle of London has been won". The next day, the first supersonic weapon, the V-2 rocket, landed on the capital. That summer, London had been battered by the V-1 or "doodlebug", which had destroyed 18,000 houses and damaged 800,000. But by September Londoners had begun to relax. The intensity of the bombing had subsided. Of the two unmanned rockets, the V-2 was the more terrifying. Unlike the V-1, which could be heard before impact, the V-2 gave no warning. Official silence: It was not until Nov 10 that Churchill admitted that London was under attack from the V-2.
Hitler`s A4 missile more commonly known as V-2
On October 3, 1942 there was the first successful launch of A4 missile, which was more commonly known as V-2. This missile was called Hitler’s missile during WWII. V2 was another creation of the main Nazi missile designer – Wernher von Braun. The works on V2 missile started at the end of the 1930s. However, the tests started only in the summer of 1942. At first, it was not successful, but October 3 was marked with the first successful launch of V2 missile. Yet, it turned out later that the success was not a final one. Two more years were spent on the completion of the missile before Nazis started using it in their army purposes.
Martin Schilling, Developer of V-2 Missile at Peenemunde
Martin Schilling who worked with Wernher von Braun at Peenemunde, Germany, during World War II to develop the world`s first large ballistic missile, the V-2, died on April 30. Although not a decisive weapon, the 47-foot-long V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, or Vengeance Weapon 2) with its one-ton warhead, was one to inspire dread among Allied civilians and soldiers alike. About 1,000 V-2`s were fired at London during the war, and some 4,000 were launched against Allied soldiers. Because the V-2 traveled at an altitude of 60 miles and a speed of one mile per second, faster than the speed of sound, there was no warning of its approach.