World War II weapons, guns, discoveries and auctions.
Latest hand-picked WWII news. See also: Swords, German tanks, RC panzers, Nazi Daggers, WW2 Knives, Nazi Helmets, V-2, Jeeps, Strange Weapons, Blitzkrieg, Secret Weapons.
The experimental rifle that almost changed World War II
In 1928, the US Army asked itself how it could make its rifles, and therefore its riflemen, more lethal in case all those building tensions in Europe and Asia eventually boiled over and triggered a new world war. After years of study and design, they came up with a rifle design that some leaders thought would be capable of tipping battles, but it never saw combat.
The StG-44: Nazi Germany`s Assault Rifle That Help Inspire the M4 Carbine
During World War II, the beleaguered German Army fielded a revolutionary new infantry weapon designed to make the German soldier the most powerful on the battlefield. The Sturmgewehr-44, or StG-44 was the first mass produced assault rifle. The weapon, urgently needed as Germany found itself increasingly losing the war, was a template for future weapons, including today’s AK-74M and M4 carbine.
Classic turn-based strategy games: Conflict-Series
If you like classic turn-based PC war games and legendary strategy board games make sure to check out the highly rated Conflict-series for Android. Some of the WWII Campaigns include Axis Balkan Campaign, D-Day 1944, Operation Barbarossa, France 1940, Kursk 1943, Market Garden, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Rommel's North African campaign, and the Battle of Bulge. In addition to WWII some other time periods include Korean War, American Civil War, First World War and American Revolutionary War. The more complex campaigns like Operation Sea Lion, Invasion of Norway, and Invasion of Japan 1945, include Naval element and handling logistics of supply flow.
(available on Google Play & Amazon App Store since 2011)
Rare WWII Australian jungle carbine surfaces, with gun control battle scars
In the tail end of WWII, the Australian military was crafting a shortened Enfield .303 for jungle warfare, but it never made it into full-scale production before the war ended. The gun-beauty is a rare bird and a bit of evolving gun control history all in one. The Lithgow Small Arms Factory, which crafted Australian Lee-Enfields and bayonets from 1912 into the 1950s when they switched to making inch-pattern semi-auto FAL (L1A1SLR) rifles, had this beautiful No 6 Mk I Lithgow Enfield recently turned over to their museum from the New South Wales Police. According to the museum, it is a super low serial (XP124) and was one of just 100 of that rare model made, 50 with brass butts and 50 with rubber.
Rare exploding rat bomb given to British spy to destroy German factories during the Second World War goes up for auction
A rare exploding `rat bomb` that was used by Allied spies in a bizarre bid to destroy German factories in the war has been unearthed. British scientists stuffed dozens of dead rats with explosives, detonators and fuses to act as a disguised bomb. The idea was to get French Resistance fighters and Special Operations Executive agents to infiltrate German armament factories and leave the dead rodents in the boiler rooms. The Germans would naturally throw the vermin straight into the furnace, triggering a huge explosion and wreaking havoc in Nazi-occupied France.
Nine Nazi Weapons that Violated the Versailles Treaty
Under the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, not only was Germany forced to shed 25,000 square miles of territory and pay Europe a crippling penalty of 20 billion gold marks, as a final disgrace the country`s once-mighty military was to be dismantled. Berlin would be permitted a small national army of no more than 100,000 men — but tanks, armoured vehicles and even heavy guns were outlawed. Within weeks of taking office, the Nazi dictator kicked off a clandestine campaign aimed at turning Germany into a global military super power before the end of the decade. Under the Fuhrer`s plan, the Reich`s armed forces were to be professionalized, super-sized and fully equipped with top-of-the-line weaponry. The brightest minds in Germany were seconded to the effort and billions in marks were secretly funneled to the country`s resurgent armaments industry.
4 Rifles Used by Snipers in World War II
World War II sniper rifles were often updated World War I models made better with new telescopic sights and upgrades to make them more easily employed in combat. These relatively minor improvements to the weapons made the snipers much more dangerous in combat, and sharpshooters were able to make an outsized impact on the conflict, tying down enemy units and picking off key players. Here are four of the weapons used by the major powers in Europe:
The Mosin-Nagant: The Russian Sniper Rifle Nazi Germany Feared Most
The Soviet government often exaggerated tales of its front-line snipers for propaganda purposes. The sniper duel between famed Soviet sniper Vasily Zaitsev and `Major Konig` was probably myth, although Zaitsev was a remarkable soldier. Such myths are a weapon in a fight for national survival, and a tool for building morale. But in terms of history, the myths complicate the picture. However, the Soviet Union certainly embraced the sniper, perhaps more than any other combatant during World War II, fielding them in larger numbers and on a wider scale earlier in the conflict than Nazi Germany. The Mosin-Nagant rifle modified for long-distance work was the Red Army`s primary sniper weapon.
The lethal arsenal of James Bond-style hidden weapons deployed in WWII to allow spies to overpower guards if captured
A lethal arsenal of James Bond-style weapons used by World War Two spies behind enemy lines has emerged more than 70 years on. The covert tools were given by MI9, a department of the war office between 1939 and 1945, to Special Operations Executive agents. The chilling collection of `escape and evasion` items - including an assassination lapel spike and a fountain pen dagger - have been amassed by a collector of World War Two memorabilia over the years but are now coming up for sale.
A Survey Of Imperial Japan`s World War II Small Arms
For 70 years Japanese firearms used in WWII have been denigrated. For example: a German K98k 8mm in good condition with all matching numbered parts will sell for about two grand. A comparable Japanese Type 38 6.5mm will sell for a few hundred bucks. A 9mm German Luger in good condition made during the 12-year Nazi era sells for thousands. An 8mm Japanese Type 14 pistol sells for hundreds. Without doubt, as the war turned against Japan, shortages of raw materials—plus a relatively small manufacturing base coupled with an increasing demand for more weapons—caused the quality of most Japanese firearms to decline. However, those made prior to their attack on Pearl Harbor—and for a time afterward—were of excellent quality.
Silly Ski-Armor Got Lots of Soviet Soldiers Killed
It`s no secret that the Soviet army was badly prepared to fight Finnish forces in late 1939 and early 1940, during the brief, bloody and — for the Soviets — catastrophic Russo-Finnish Winter War. One particularly ill-conceived weapon underscores just how unready the Soviets were. The armored sled. In essence, a pair of overburdened skis supporting an entirely-too-heavy metal shield that Soviet commanders hoped would help protect hapless infantry in the absence of tank and artillery support. The sled failed. Worse, it actually got a lot of young Soviet troopers needlessly killed.
Hermann Goering`s gold-plated Walther PPK pistol up for bid
A one-of-a-kind, gold-plated Walther PPK once belonging to Nazi officer Hermann Goering will be auctioned off by Rock Island Auction Company in September. The Walther PPK, deemed the most historic Walther the auction site has ever had up for bid, is chambered in 7.65 mm auto. The pistol has just over a 3-inch barrel and features three piece ivory grip panels factory carved in a traditional Germanic oak leaf and acorn pattern inlayed on a gold-plated frame. With the initials `HG` emblazoned on the left grip, the Walther also prominently showcases the Goering family crest. The crest was created by Hermann Goering himself after WWI. It features an armored fist holding a large ring with the words `Der Eiseme,` Goering`s nickname, which means `Iron One.`
Video: Blast From the Past: The Legendary Soviet `Katyusha` Rocket Launcher
The iconic rocket artillery system that helped win World War II celebrates 75th anniversary of its first combat deployment.
Forgotten Weapons: The Spy Pistol Used to Resist Nazi Occupation
The Welrod is one of the best-remembered pieces of real-life James Bond gear manufactured by Special Operations Executive. SOE was a clandestine department set up in 1940 in the UK to assist resistance movements in occupied Europe, and they came up with some very interesting gadgets. SOE`s Station IX specialized in weapons R&D, and was located in the small town of Welwyn, just north of London. The devices created in Welwyn were all code-named using the name of the town for the first three letters. There was the Welrod, of course, and also the Welbike (a tiny folding motorcycle), the Welpen (a pen gun), the Welgun (a 9mm submachine gun), and more.
The Walther P38 Was Germany`s Most Popular Wartime Pistol
In 1929, German gun-maker Waffenfabrik Walther began developing a new 9mm pistol for military use. The development violated the Treaty of Versailles that ended WW1, so Walther kept it secret. Early Walther attempts focused on scaling up its `PP` line of pistols to chamber the larger nine-mil round. This pistol, the Militarpistole, wasn`t strong enough to withstand the pressures and recoil of the 9-by-19-mm round. Walther began work on a new design in 1935 following a request from the Heereswaffenamt, the German army`s weapons-technology agency. The Heereswaffenamt wanted a pistol to replace the Luger P08 — one that would be cheaper and easier to manufacture and wouldn`t require specialized tooling.
Forgotten Weapons: Japan`s WWII Paratrooping Rifle Was Not the Best Idea
Did you know that Japan had a paratroop corps during WWII? They trained and equipped this group in the late 1930s - with technical assistance from Germany. During their first combat drop onto Sumatra, the troops followed the German technique of dropping armed with handguns and grenades only, with their rifles and machine guns dropped alongside in parachute weapons containers. This resulted in the same problem the Germans had: the weapons containers often landed far from the troops. In the aftermath of this attack, the Japanese military began looking into alternatives - compact guns that could be carried by paratroops right out the door of the airplane. This would result in a take-down version of the Type 99 Arisaka rifle and a folding-stock version of the the Type 99 Nambu light machine gun. However, the first proposed solution was…not quite so good.
Hitler`s Supergun: The Nazi Plot to Destroy London (and Why It Failed)
The V-3 `supergun` was meant to win the war for Germany. In 1943, for the first time since World War II began, Hitler was on the back foot. Allied bombs were devastating German cities and the Fuhrer was rattled. His proposed V-3 cannon would be the biggest gun the world had seen. The V-3 was built in an enormous bunker buried deep in a chalk hill in northern France. Millions of tonnes of rock were excavated by hand and among the workers were hundreds of slave labourers. In its original conception, 25 barrels were to point at London delivering up to one bomb per minute and to create an environment of fear that would turn the course of the war back in Hitler`s favour. And it was a doomed secret `drone` mission to destroy the V-3 that led to the death of Joe Kennedy Junior, a pilot and older brother of the future US president, John F. Kennedy.
Panzerschreck - Five Amazing Facts About the German Bazooka
In 1943, German forces in Tunisia captured a quantity of U.S. 2.36-inch anti-tank weapons. The weapon, which was known as the Bazooka, was of immediate interest to the Axis, who commissioned the development of a Wehrmacht equivalent. The result was the Raketenpanzerbüsche 43 (RPzB 43). The design was clearly indebted to the U.S. weapon, but with some key improvements. Among these was the RPzB 43`s 88mm shaped-charge warhead – it provided better penetrative capability than the 60mm U.S. version. Rounds were fired electrically via an impulse magneto, something that the U.S. Army adopted for later Bazooka models like the M9/M9A1 — earlier variants used a battery ignition system.
Revolver owned by legendary WW2 General George S. Patton fetches $75,000 at auction
A Colt .45 revolver once owned by General George S. Patton sold for $75,000 at auction in Los Angeles. Profiles in History, which conducted the auction, had expected the working firearm to fetch over $60,000. The Colt .45 Model 1873 single-action revolver with distinctive stag horn grip was acquired by the famous WWII general in 1928. The gun, owned by Patton until his death in 1945, is considered to be a version of his famous ivory-handled Colt. 45, which is on display at The General George Patton Museum and Center of Leadership in Fort Knox, Kentucky.
The Nazis` Handgun: The Luger P08 has a sinister reputation
George Luger designed a pistol known for its accuracy, the ammunition it introduced to the militaries of the world and the evil reputation it later gained. The P08 nine-millimeter Parabellum - or Luger - pistol was the brainchild of its namesake inventor, and it served Germany faithfully during both world wars. Often linked with the Nazi regime, it was the handgun of the Kaiser`s Soldaten before Hitler took power. Yet it`s more closely associated with the latter. If you watch a WWII movie, you almost expect a barking Gestapo officer to start frantically waving a Luger around.
Hitler`s Secret War Machines: 10 Nazi Weapons that Violated the Versailles Treaty
Within weeks of taking office Hitler kicked off a clandestine campaign aimed at turning Germany into a global military super power before the end of the decade. Under the Fuhrer`s plan, the Reich`s armed forces were to be professionalized, super-sized and fully equipped with top-of-the-line weaponry. The brightest minds in Germany were seconded to the effort and billions in marks were secretly funneled to the country`s resurgent armaments industry. While the Nazi chancellor played the statesman on the world stage, behind the scenes, military planners and industrialists secretly fashioned one of the world`s most fearsome war machines.
Killer Antiques - 13 Weapons From WW2 That Are Still In Use Today
(1) The M114 155-mm howitzer: The American-made M114 155-mm howitzer first saw action in 1942 and continued to serve through Korea and Vietnam. The gun was widely exported to U.S. allies and still remains in use in Pakistan, Canada, the Netherlands, France, Taiwan, South Korean, Philippines and Brazil. (2) The T-34: Perhaps one of the finest tanks of the Second World War, the Soviet T-34 was distributed far and wide by Moscow during the Cold War and is still in the inventories of a number of powers. Current operators include North Korea, Namibia, Mozambique, Yemen and Bulgaria. Here, a restored T-34 takes part in a World War Two reenactment.
Shotgun believed to be Hitler`s sells for $150,000
Midwest Exchange posted the auction on GunBroker.com for the seller. Bidding started at $100,000 on Dec. 1, but the auction received only two bids — $124,000 and $136,500 — neither of which topped the reserve price set before the auction started. However, the offer also attracted an outside bidder who contacted Midwest Exchange personally and offered the winning price of $150,000. The gun — designed and manufactured by Germany`s Krieghoff Gun Company — is a side-by-side shotgun chambered for 12-gauge shells. It features elaborate engravings of woodlands with deer and stag, all done by a master engraver of the time. Also, and most interestingly, the initials `AH` are engraved at the bottom of the trigger guard.
Secrets of the devastation caused by Grand Slam, the largest WWII bomb ever tested in the UK
The final secrets of Britain`s largest-ever conventional weapon of war are being `unearthed` by archaeologists. Geophysics experts are using ground-penetrating radar and other high tech methods to `x-ray` the ground, in a remote area of the New Forest in Hampshire, to shed new light on the most powerful top secret WWII weapon test ever carried out in the UK. The weapon - a bomb designed by Barnes Wallis, and codenamed `Grand Slam` - was almost 26 foot long and weighed 22,000 pounds, substantially bigger than any other wartime explosive device ever developed by Britain.
The Venerable Sten - The Allies` $10 Dollar Submachine Gun
First dreamed up in the opening months of the Second World War and then rushed into production during the Battle of Britain, the sten was a bargain-basement sub-machine gun that could be produced quickly and in great numbers. The 3kg, all-metal weapon fired eight rounds per second from a horizontally-loaded, 32-round magazine. Cleverly designed to use German 9 mm pistol ammunition, the sten was effective to about 100 meters (300 feet). Each sten gun cost as little as £2 ($10) to produce – roughly equal to about $130 or £80 today. By comparison, the American M1A1 Thompson went for a staggering $200 per unit in 1940!
The gold-plated Walther PPK handed over by Hermann Goering as he surrendered resurfaces for sale at £30,000
It was a key moment at the end of the Second World War. Luftwaffe boss Hermann Goering - fleeing for his life from SS - handed his gold-plated pistol to an Allied soldier and surrendered. Lieutenant Jerome Shapiro was allowed to keep the gun he received on a road in Austria in May 1945. 67 years on, it is being put up for auction and is expected to fetch £30,000. Shapiro apprehended Göring as he fled Germany in his bullet-proof Mercedes car with bags of luggage strapped to the roof. After being held at gunpoint, the head of the Luftwaffe presented Lt Shapiro with the Walther PPK pistol along with a ceremonial dagger.
The gear, gadgets and weaponry of a D-Day Paratrooper (photos)
Imagine you`re D-Day paratrooper, one of 13,000 American soldiers who`ve dropped behind enemy lines to fight the Germans in Normandy. Your mission is to neutralize Rommel`s response to an Allied beach invasion that will occur in just a few hours, but you`re also desperate to survive. There`s little comfort in combat, but you know your buddies have your back. You also vest confidence if your equipment. The army has loaded you to the hilt with gear, guns and gadgets, and any single piece of hardware could prove to be a life-saver. Now we take a focused look at the gadgets and weapons American paratoopers took into battle, including Thompson Submachine Gun, L 122-A Flashlight, Zippo Lighter, Machete, Combat Knife and Switchblade, Mk 2 Grenade and Gammon Bomb, and Cricket Noise Maker.
Modified WWII grenade explodes in teen`s hands in Hall County, Georgia
A late-night hand grenade explosion in Hall County, Georgia, left one juvenile seriously injured and another behind bars. The Sheriff`s Office said a 16-year-old male suffered burns and injuries to his hands, face and abdominal area after the modified World War II grenade detonated while he was handling it at a residence on Underwood Drive in Murrayville. "The injured juvenile`s 18-year-old friend was actually responsible for modifying the grenade," spokesman Sgt. Steve Wilbanks told. The grenade, available commercially as a novelty after being rendered inert, had been modified, and an unknown explosive material had been inserted.
Crashed Spitfire`s Browning machine gun fire first time after being buried for 70 years
A Browning machine gun found in a downed Spitfire has been fired for the first time in 70 years. The weapon fired despite being buried since the WWII fighter that housed it plummeted to earth in Donegal in 1941. A team from the BBC went to the site and dug the guns from where the Spitfire had crashed and could even smell aviation fuel in the air. There were six guns that presenter Dan Snow reported were in "great shape, with belts containing hundreds of gleaming .303 rounds." They even found pilot Roland `Bud` Wolfe`s leather helmet among the wreckage.
Katyusha multiple launch rocket system is 70 years old (Article + Video)
First used by the Red Army on July 14, 1941 near Orsha, the Vitebsk Region in Belarus, the Katyusha multiple launch rocket system is now 70 years old.
German Walther Model PP 7.65mm pistol issued to the NSKK fetches €6,100 at auction
A German Walther Model PP 7.65mm pistol issued to the NSKK (National-Sozialistische Kraftfahr Korps) in the 1930s fetched 6,100 euros at an auction, while a British WWII .303 Vickers machine gun in perfect condition was sold for €5,700.
The Walther P-38 : The service pistol of the Wehrmacht
During the 1930s, German industry began a crash program to rearm the Wehrmacht, which in 1934 needed a new service pistol. In 1934 firearms manufacturers Carl Walther Waffenfabrik offered the Wehrmacht the Model MP (Militarische Pistole), an upsized model PP chambered for the 9mm Parabellum, but its blowback caused its rejection. The next year, a design team led by Fritz Walther began work on a new DA/SA, locked-breech pistol. Two years later the 9mm Model AP (Armee Pistole) was announced. It was a hammerless, DA/SA pistol, which, after some modifications, became known as the Pistole 38 (the P-38).
Edward G. Uhl : Co-inventor of the bazooka (M1 Rocket Launcher)
Edward G. Uhl - the co-inventor of the M1 bazooka during World War 2 - served as a regular officer in the Army`s Ordnance Corps 1941-1946. In 1942, while assigned to Ordnance Corps headquarters at the Pentagon, he helped develop the first American shoulder-launched bazooka, at first called the M1 Rocket Launcher, with Col. Leslie A. Skinner. "Skinner... was working on rockets. We really had no anti-tank weapon. You can`t believe how inept our military was at that point in time." Uhl faced 2 difficulties: How would a soldier aim the weapon and how would the burning powder be kept from coming into contact with his face?
Weapons of World War II hero and SOE agent Geoffrey Hallowes found in house clearance
Firearms linked to WWII hero Geoffrey Hallowes have been given to the Gordon Highlanders Museum in Aberdeen after being found at a house in Walton-on-Thames in Surrey. Firearms specialists linked them with Hallowes, who served with the Gordon Highlanders in the Far East before joining the Special Operations Executive (SOE). He helped to set up the French Resistance after D-Day, receiving a number of military medals like the Croix de Guerre and Legion d`honneur. Weapons included American M1 carbine; German MP40 sub machine gun; British Enfield .38 revolver; American Colt .32 pistol; and German Luger 9mm pistol.
Alabama road crews discovered WW2-era weapons in Bibb County
A cache of World War II-era weapons discovered in a Bibb County, Alabama, creek had most likely been there less than 24 hours, authorities said. David Hyche, of the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Birmingham office, said he has never seen anything like this in his 21 years of work. The firepower, discovered during a bridge inspection, includes 4 Japanese machine guns, a Japanese antitank cannon, an Italian machine gun, a Japanese 50mm mortar and a Thompson machine gun (the Tommy Gun).
German World War II machine gun still serve
During WW2, Nazi Germany achieved many advances in weaponry, giving birth to the first practical general purpose machine guns. The first of these was the MG34 (Maschinengewehr 34) - an excellent weapon, but difficult and expensive to manufacture. In 1938 Nazi engineers were testing prototypes of a new machine gun, that was simpler than the MG34 and made extensive use of stampings. The result was the MG42: air cooled, belt fed, recoil-operated machine gun. It fired 1,200 rounds per minute. German soldiers loved the reliable, lightweight and accurate weapon. In 2008 the many variants of the MG42 continue to be used.
World War II flak cannon discovered in garage
German authorities have discovered a WWII anti-aircraft cannon in a German man`s garage in part of a series of raids that brought out over 100,000 euros in illegal weapons. The flak cannon, used by the German Wehrmacht in World War II, was discovered after a search on a family home in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. The 49-year-old resident had 200 illegal firearms, 1kg of explosives, and 15,000 rounds of ammunition.
A small town drug gang had a World War II rocket launcher
A drug bust in Polk County led to the arrest of 30 people and several weapons, including a British-made rocket launcher used to scare neighbors and customers. The huge cache of weapons included a British-made World War II-era rocket launcher, a machine gun with a bayonet and other weapons. Despite its age, rocket launcher was oiled and ready to use. "This weapon shoots highly explosive anti-tank projectiles referred to as war heads. With an anti-tank gun, it would be difficult to compete with. It`s a scary thought for a deputy on patrol to come up against something like that," Ian Floyd said.
Panzerfausts, gredanes cleared from dead World War II buff`s home
A 50-year-old World War II enthusiast was found dead in his apartment and the Allentown Fire Department`s bomb squad had to close the street to get rid of weapons and militaria that he had collected. Gary Garabrant died of natural causes, and when paramedics arrived they noticed several military artifacts, like grenades. The police department removed munitions and the bomb squad took items that may have been explosive - including World War II-era German hand grenades and stick grenades, Panzerfausts (an anti-tank weapon that was a precursor of the rocket-propelled grenade).
Multi-launch rocket mortars -- From World War II to modern wars
The military Multiple Launch Rocket System mortar was born in 1936 when Nazi Germany developed the 6-barreled Nebelwerfer. GIs fighting in Sicily in 1943 got to know the Nebelwerfer 41 ("Screaming Mimi") very well. The Nebelwerfer 41 fired six 75 pound 150mm rockets 4 miles. It was no good against tanks or armored personnel carriers, but against infantry formations caught in the open it was deadly. The Soviet versions, the BM-13 and BM-31, known as the Katyusha or "Little Katie," were more famous. Soviet industry built them over 10,000, and they were the backbone of the Red Army‘s artillery in its victories from Stalingrad and Kursk all the way to Berlin.
The Hindenburg: 70 years later - The mighty German airship
Robert Buchanan, one of the last living members of the ground crew that were helping the Hindenburg land, can recall in detail the day when he watched the Hindenburg erupt into a fireball. A burst of flames roared across the surface of the mighty German airship. The Hindenburg ignited after it had dropped lines while easing toward its mooring mast at the U.S. Navy base in Lakehurst. The crash killed 35 people on board and one person in the ground crew. "I ran quite a distance because the heat, the flame, kept shooting out ahead of me." Camera shutters clicked, newsreel film rolled and a radio station recorded the memorable phrase, "Oh, the humanity!"
Arsenal begins destroying old mortars, WWII rockets (Article no longer available from the original source)
The military has begun destroying hundreds of mortars and German Traktor rockets seized by the US during earlier wars and stored at the Pine Bluff Arsenal. The Army`s Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project said about 800 four-point-two-inch mortars and about 900 Second World War Traktor rockets will undergo a process to neutralize chemical fill inside the weapons.
Fully armed Nazi bomber planes buried below East Berlin airport
Papers among thousands of files captured from the Stasi, the secret police of East Germany, claim tons of live WW2 munitions were buried in concrete bunkers beneath the runways of Schoenefeld airport in East Berlin. Not only did the commissars intern munitions beneath the runways, but also entire Nazi fighter planes, all fuelled and fully bombed-up. "They would have stuffed them anywhere they could - there was simply too much stuff to blow up all at once," said Karl-Heinz Eckhardt, a Berlin historian. "There was a warren of massive Nazi bunkers beneath the site of the present airport that would have suited their purposes."