The United States in the Second World War - The Dark Side. From 'we do not take prisoners' attitude to mass raping the comfort women.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.
Photos reveal how U.S. experimented on its own citizens just like the Nazi doctors
Pictures have emerged providing the proof that U.S. government doctors experimented on Americans from the 1940s to the 1960s. Studies, which often involved making healthy people sick, were at worst curiosity-satisfying experiments that hurt people but provided no useful results.
For example in the mid-1940s American researchers studied the transmission of a deadly stomach bug by having young men at the New York State Vocational Institution swallow unfiltered fecal matter.
For black GIs Germany was a breath of freedom: WWII Germany helped to end segregation in US
"For black GIs ... Germany was a breath of freedom. They could go where they wanted, eat what they wanted and date whom they wanted," Colin Powell, a former secretary of state, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and America's most famous African-American soldier, stated in his memoir. Many black GIs vowed to "never go back" to the old ways.
Inside America's Concentration Camps: Two Centuries of Internment and Torture (book review)
James L. Dickerson's "Inside America's Concentration Camps" consists of 3 parts. Part 1 deals with the treatment of Native Americans. Part 2 comprises the most of the text, and concerns the WWII internment of Japanese Americans and to some extent the imprisonment of Italian and German Americans. Part 3 considers the conditions at Guantanamo Bay. The chapter "Walking The Trail Of Tears" deals with the 1,200 mile march that the Cherokees were forced to take in 1838. Of the 22,000 who started out, only 2,000 (less than 10%) made it (the survival rate of the most famous Nazi death march was 75%).
A new openness to discussing Allied war crimes in WWII: "We didn't take prisoners"
It was the first crime William E. Jones had ever committed: The 4th Infantry Division had seized a small hill and the GIs lost all self-control: "The Germans were baffled... We didn't take prisoners and there was nothing to do but kill them." While researching for his book "D-Day: The Battle for Normandy," Antony Beevor learned that Allied soldiers committed war crimes in Normandy to a much greater extent than was thought. American, British and Canadian troops killed German POWs and wounded soldiers, and used Wehrmacht and Waffen SS soldiers as human shields and forced them to walk through minefields.
Tens of thousands of kids, fathered by American GIs across Europe and the Pacific, seek their dads
For most of her life Beth Guyver thought her father was a British pilot, who died in 1945. The truth about her family history emerged in 1990. Her mother looked at one of Guyver's sons, and said: He looked just like an American GI she had known in 1944 ... just like Guyver's father. This changed Guyver's life: Since then she has been searching for her father, David Greene. She is one of the children across Europe and the Pacific fathered by American GIs. The GI children have joined groups such as Transatlantic Childrens' Enterprise (TRACE) (www.tracepw.org), or GI Trace (www.gitrace.org).
Why We Watched: Europe, America, and the Holocaust by Theodore Hamerow
Historian Theodore Hamerow takes readers on a tour of the attitudes and events during the 1930s and 1940s predicting the annihilation of the European Jews. Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was not alone in his belief that Jewish population needed to be undone, through banishment at the minimum, mass death at the maximum. Political and military leaders of many other nations shared this view. Part Two of the book (4 parts in total) focuses on the United States, as its power structures allowed anti-Semitism to rule policymaking, in spite of an avowed abhorrence of Hitler's final solution.
U.S. internment efforts went far beyond borders - Shipped to U.S. camps from South America
A month after Japan attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor the roundup of 110,000 Japanese-Americans began. A little-known fact is that internment crusades went far beyond U.S. borders. Father of 12 years old Augusto Kague, living happily in Peru, was carried away by security agents and shipped off to American camps. They were interned under the pretence of securing Western Hemisphere interests. Now, 20 years after Japanese-Americans won compensation for their imprisonment, a community of Peruvians continues to seek justice with the help of the American Civil Liberties Union and a grassroots activist effort.
Execution of SS soldiers at Dachau
"The killing of unarmed POWs did not trouble many of the men in I company that day for to them the SS guards did not deserve the same protected status as enemy soldiers who have been captured after a valiant fight. To many of the men in I company, the SS were nothing more than wild, vicious animals whose role in this war was to starve, brutalize, torment, torture and murder helpless civilians." -- Flint Whitlock, The Rock of Anzio, From Sicily to Dachau: A history of the U.S. 45th Infantry Division.
Comform women serving up to 60 American soldiers a day after WWII (Article no longer available from the original source)
"They took my clothes off. I was so small, they were so big, they violated me easily. I was bleeding, I was only 14 ... I can smell the men, I hate men." - Kang Soon-ae, abducted at age 13 by the Japanese military. Some say it's dishonest to call for a Japanese apology on comfort women issue while ignoring a similar practice by the U.S. military. The first brothel, known as the Babe Garden or Komachien, opened on Sept. 20, 1945. Troops paid upfront and were given tickets. Each woman had intercourse with 15-60 men a day. According to a memoir by an RAA official, the agency employed 70,000 comfort women to service the 350,000 U.S. troops occupying Japan.
Anniversary of the Salina Tragedy: German POWs killed by US guard
July 8, is the 62nd anniversary of what military historians have called "The Salina Tragedy," when 9 German POWs were killed by a U.S. Army prison guard. The incident happened shortly after midnight, 2 months after the surrender of Nazi Germany, when the prisoners were waiting to be repatriated. Private Clarence Bertucci relieved the guard of a watchtower and proceeded to fire a .30 caliber machine gun into the tents used to accommodate the prisoners. The spray of bullets penetrated 30 tents. He killed 6 men on site, and 3 died later. 20 more were wounded. Fellow guards overpowered Bertucci as he reloaded.
American GIs used comfort women after World War II
Japan's abhorrent practice of enslaving women to provide sex for its troops in WWII has a little-known sequel: After its surrender Japan set up a similar "comfort women" system for American GIs. An AP review of historical documents shows American authorities permitted the official brothel system to operate despite reports that women were being coerced into it. The Americans also had full knowledge by then of Japan's atrocious treatment of women. On August 28, 1945, first troops arrived in Atsugi, by nightfall the troops found the RAA's first brothel. "... I was surprised to see 500 or 600 soldiers standing in line on the street," Seiichi Kaburagi wrote.
US Recruitment of Nazis and Croatian Ustasha - Klaus Barbie
After World War II, the US helped accused Nazi and Croatian Ustasha war criminals. Albanian fascists and Nazis were helped by the US to escape from Europe. Priest Krunoslav Draganovic had been a part of the NDH Ustasha regime allied to Nazi Germany. After WW2 he travelled back in the Vatican where he established escape routes for Nazis. In 1942 SS Hauptsturmfuerer Klaus Barbie became the Gestapo chief in Lyons. He was accused of killing 4,000 persons and he was responsible for the torture of French Resistance Movement leader Jean Moulin. In 1947, the US Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC), hired Klaus Barbie to be an intelligence agent for the US.
The hidden truth of Liberation of Paris - and poor allied infantry
Months before D-Day, American and British commanders decided that only French troops who were white could take part in the operation to liberate Paris. General Philippe Leclerc's armoured division was chosen because it was the "only French division which could be made 100% white". All other units in the French army were two thirds or more African. A book by historian Olivier Wieviorka reveals the depths of the crisis which threatened to disable the Allied armies in Normandy after the landings on 6 June 1944. At one point 1/3 "wounded" American soldiers suffered from psychological, not physical, injuries. British infantry fighting spirit was equally poor.
Were Nazis Tortured in World War II?
How one answers the question depends on how one defines torture and a "Nazi." There were 3 main groups under which a "Nazi POW" held by U.S. forces could fall: (1) a National Socialist Party or German-American Bund member living in the US, captured after the attack on Pearl Harbor, (2) a captured Nazi soldier who was sent to PoW camps inside the US, or (3) a Nazi soldier who was held inside Europe after Nazi Germany was occupied. -- Jacques Bacque argued that Eisenhower’s misdeeds led to the starvation of over 800,000 German POWs. He claimed that Einsehower got around the Geneva Conventions by changing the status from PoWs to "Disarmed Enemy Combatant."
US troops accused of murder - Not all Japanese cruel and robotic (Article no longer available from the original source)
American and Australian soldiers massacred Japanese POWs, according to one of the most detailed studies of memoirs of the WW2 in the Pacific. It also discloses that the soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army were far from the cruel, mindless troops of popular legend. Prof Richard Aldrich said "We have this stereotypical idea that the Japanese were all cruel and robotic while the Allied forces were tough but fair." American generals worried about the abuse of human remains by their troops. Skulls of dead Japanese soldiers were often displayed as gruesome mascots by some units, while US marines made a speciality of collecting ears.