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Nazi Euthanasia Program T4

Action T4: Nazi Euthanasia Program 1939-1941.
Latest hand-picked WWII news.

Topography of Terror museum has a temporary display on the children euthanized as "life unworthy of life"
Berlin`s "Topography of Terror" museum has begun a temporary display on the thousands of children euthanized as "life unworthy of life." The exhibition, entitled "In memory of the children. Pediatricians and crimes against children in the Nazi period," displays photos and documents related to various Nazi projects concerning the murder of children, such as Action T4 and Lebensborn. While Action T4 focused on exterminating children who were handicapped, Lebensborn was a eugenic breeding program using unwed mothers, in which children with features not regarded as sufficiently "Aryan" were disposed of like so much waste.

Exhuming Nazi-era remains of those deemed unfit-to-live finished in Hall, Austria
Officials in the Austrian province of Tyrol say they have completed the exhumation of more than 200 skeletons from a Nazi-era graveyard. The site, at a disused hospital cemetery in the town of Hall, was discovered in 2011. Researchers think the bodies may have been people killed by the Nazis because of mental or physical disabilities. The skeletons, which date back to the Nazi-era, have broken bones, injuries apparently inflicted by hospital staff. The Nazis murdered thousands of disabled people they thought unfit to live. The bodies now have all been identified. Their ages range from 14 to 90.

Updated: Nazi euthanasia graves to be exhumed in Austria - Anyone who may have relatives among the victims asked to come forward
Graves containing the remains of 220 people and dating back to 1942-1945 have been found at a psychiatric hospital in Hall in Tyrol province in Austria. It is believed those buried may have been disabled people - regarded as unfit to live by the Nazis - murdered under the Hitler's euthanasia programme. --- Update: Austrian officials, who plan to exhume the mass grave in March 2011 to identify the remains, are asking anyone who believes their relatives are among the victims to come forward.

Model of Hartheim castle, used by the Nazi euthanasia program, heads to the LA Holocaust museum
Replica of the Austrian Hartheim Castle - one of several institutions that Hitler's regime used for T-4 Euthanasia Program (Action T4) which killed persons who did not meet Nazi ideals - goes on permanent loan to the LA Holocaust Museum.

German historians make list of nazi euthanasia victims
German historians are making a list of 9,000 mentally ill people killed by the Nazis as part of Adolf Hitler's euthanasia program. Hitler first outlined his Nazi euthanasia campaign, later called Operation T4, in Mein Kampf. Believed to have taken 70,000 lives between January 1940 and August 1941 alone, the idea behind Operation T4 was spread through Nazi propaganda films depicting the mentally or terminally ill as "useless mouths to feed." Over 100,000 persons, most of whom were previously unidentified, were euthanized in Operation T4.

German genetics society condemns Nazi-era medical abuses
German Society of Human Genetics condemned the practices of geneticists who helped the Nazi regime murder handicapped people. In a statement marking the 75th anniversary of the "Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases Act", the Society said scientists had acted with the Nazis to implement the law. Eugenics, the belief that one could improve the human race by selective breeding, was a popular idea around the globe in the first half of the 20th century. About 400,000 people were sterilized without their consent, and from 1933 the Nazis killed over 200,000 physically and mentally disabled people part of the Third Reich's "euthanasia" programme.

Germans give SS doctor Hans-Joachim Sewering, accused of killing 900 kids, a medal
Former SS doctor Hans-Joachim Sewering accused of sending 900 sick children to their deaths under the Nazi euthanasia programme has been granted a German medical association's highest honour the Guenther-Budelmann medal - while Jewish groups pressure Germany to put him on trial for mass murder. Sewering was a doctor at a clinic near Munich before World War II. He signed orders, claim four nuns, sending 900 kids from the clinic to a "healing centre" - in reality a killing centre implementing a secret Nazi policy of killing the handicapped, who were declared "useless eaters" by the Nazis.

German town of Brandenburg plans memorial to Nazi euthanasia victims
German town of Brandenburg plans to open a centre to commemorate over 9,000 mentally ill people killed there by the Nazis. Historians believe that 100,000 people were killed 1940-1945 as part of a euthanasia policy drafted by Adolf Hitler in the 1920s in "Mein Kampf". Hitler prepared the ground for his campaign, Operation T4, with propaganda films which depicted the mentally handicapped and the incurably ill as "useless mouths to feed" who could be freed of their suffering by a "sensible doctor".

Nazi abortion: Parallels with the ideas of Margaret Sanger in America
Tessa Chelouche has published an account of the Nazi use of euthanasia, and sterilization to eliminate groups deemed "inferior stock". "Abortion was used as a weapon of mass destruction in Eastern Europe," where "it has been estimated that tens of thousands ... were compelled to abort not because of health reasons, but because of Nazi dogma." Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood, expressed a similar objective about eliminating US colored people: "We don't want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members."

World War II Nazi Euthanasia skeletons found
The skeletons believed to be victims of the Nazi euthanasia program have been found in a mass grave in the town of Menden, close to where a World War II facility run by Adolf Hitler's physician Karl Brandt was located. There were indications the deaths might be related to euthanasia, which was practiced by the Nazis from 1939 to 1941. Some 70,000 people perished in the program, which the Nazis believed was necessary. The Nazi euthanasia program, which became an open secret in the Third Reich, was officially terminated in 1941 in the wake of protests. Karl Brandt, who was in charge of the program, was executed in 1948.

Nazi ghosts haunting - Germany's tangled history in a painting
Painting, Tante Marianne, is expected to reach £2 million in auction, partially because it encapsulates Germany’s tangled history. Gerhard Richter painted his aunt in 1965, knowing that she had died terribly but without being aware of the details. He learned she was locked up in a psychiatric ward, forcibly sterilised and by 1945 starved to death by Nazi doctors, and -- His father-in-law was the SS doctor responsible for implementing the nazi euthanasia programme. Painter had been in Dresden when it was bombed by the Allies in 1945 and war themes had always been part of his repertoire: a picture of Hitler, of Stuka bombers, of his uncle in uniform.

No place for Nazis in medicine
A Nazi war criminal's contribution to medicine is being slowly written out of the medical record. Until a few decades ago, "Reiter's syndrome" was the term used to describe a certain disorder. It was named after German doctor Hans Reiter, who ran Hitler's Reich Health Office, and during the second world war designed typhoid inoculation experiments that killed more than 250 people. He was also implicated in enforced sterilisations and euthanasia.
(New Scientist)

Named: the baby boy who was Nazis' first euthanasia victim
German historians have identified the family whose request to Adolf Hitler that their disabled son be "put to sleep" was the catalyst for the Nazi euthanasia programme. The five-month-old boy, who was given a lethal drug after Hitler sent his own doctor to examine him, has been named as Gerhard Kretschmar. The case was to provide the rationale for a secret Nazi decree that led to "mercy killings" of almost 300,000 mentally and physically handicapped people. The Kretschmars wanted their son dead but most of the other children were forcibly taken from their parents to be killed.

The Ethics of Nursing in the Third Reich
Nurses have for many years been awarded the top ranking in polls about which occupations are most trusted. But there was one era in history when nurses did not care, or, to be more correct, they cared in ways that were detrimental to their patients. Much has been written about the role of doctors in the Nazi era, but scant attention has been paid to nurses. Several doctors were involved in T4 euthanasia program. However, few nurses were ever indicted for their roles. No-one was ever forced to be part of T4. Anyone who objected was usually moved to another institution.