Hitler`s debuty Rudolf Hess and his mysterious flight.
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Rudolf Hess: The Forgotten Deputy Führer
Among the many men who joined the Nazi movement during its rise to power, the name of Rudolf Hess is one that stands out. He was the number three man in Hitler’s Germany, although his eventual escape to Scotland sparked controversy around both his intentions and his mental condition.
Was Rudolf Hess replaced with an impostor in Spandau prison? DNA results are in
A conspiracy theory that Rudolf Hess was replaced by a doppelgänger in prison has been debunked. For years, there were rumours that the prisoner known as Spandau #7 at the Berlin jail was an impostor substituted in to take the place of the deputy Fuhrer of the Third Reich. Rudolf Hess’ own doctor and US president Franklin Roosevelt believed the man in Germany’s Spandau prison was not Hess. The inmate was found hanged in an apparent suicide in 1987 at the age of 93. But now scientists say analysis of blood samples from Spandau #7 and a living relative of Hess has put an end to the theory. The inmate was Hess after all.
Last pictures of Rudolf Hess emerge alongside letter telling his son about his mysterious flight to Britain
Fascinating final pictures of Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess have been found and put on sale along with a note to his son about his mysterious flight to Britain to try to end the war. The never-before-seen images show the former deputy Fuhrer as a frail and elderly man in the grounds of the infamous Spandau Prison. Hess spent 41 years in the West Berlin jail after the war. The Nazi hanged himself aged 93 in 1987 in the summer house that had been built for him in the grounds. The chilling images have been put up for sale alongside a note written to his son Wolf while he was incarcerated saying: 'I made it once to England for you'.
British government documents on Rudolf Hess finally unclassified
The long awaited release of British government documents on the fate of Nazi No. 2 Rudolf Hess has failed to dispel numerous conspiracy theories about his death in 1987 at Spandau Prison in Berlin. Buried in the 71 files released to the National Archives in London are some intriguing revelations.
Rudolf Hess files containing interrogation transcripts of Hitler's deputy set for auction
The secret wartime papers of Hitler deputy Rudolf Hess are going under the hammer today in America in a sale that could prove embarrassing to the UK because of the secrecy which still cloaks his life and controversial death. Estimates, by Alexander Auctions which specializes in Third Reich militaria, vary between £200,000 and £500,000. Included in the paperwork is the handwritten proposal of peace terms Hess handed to former British foreign secretary Lord Simon on the day of their meeting after he crashed his plane in Scotland.
The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind: Hitler, Hess and the Analysts by Daniel Pick
When Rudolf Hess bailed out of his Messerschmitt into a field in Scotland in 1941, he was travelling light. If official reports are to be believed, he was carrying a flight map, some photos of him with his son, and the business cards of two German friends. There were no other documents, no id. However, his pockets were "stuffed full of pills and potions, including a curious elixir that had been given to him by the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin, who had in turn received it from a Tibetan lamasery." Examined by the Medical Research Council a fortnight later, this was described as "a remarkable collection of drugs", apparently designed to ward off "all assault of the devil as far as his flesh was concerned".
Rudolph Hess told his psychiatrist that the Jews had hypnotised Churchill into taking a negative stance towards Nazi Germany
Rudolph Hess believed the Jews had hypnotised Winston Curchill into taking a negative stance towards Nazi Germany, according to the Deputy Nazi leader's psychiatric records. Notes written by Dr Henry Dicks, one of the Army psychiatrists who monitored Hess while he was a prisoner in Britain, detail his convictions. Hess thought Churchill had been mesmerised by evil forces who were trying to kill him because he was the "only person who knew of their secret psychic powers". Professor Daniel Pick, a psychoanalyst from Birkbeck College, University of London, studied Dr Dicks' notes for a new book "The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind: Hitler, Hess, and the Analysts".
Declassified report into Rudolf Hess death fails to answer unexplained questions about Nazi prisoner's suicide
It has been 25 years since leading Nazi Rudolf Hess died in a Berlin prison but a newly-declassified report into how it happened has apparently failed to answer unexplained questions about whether he really did kill himself. The publication of what is said to be a suicide note written "a few minutes before my death" by Hitler's deputy appears to add weight to claims that it had actually been penned in 1969 when he was seriously ill. Photos of the "summer house" in the ground of Spandau Prison where the 93-year-old died seem to deepen the mystery even further.
Town destroys the grave of Rudolf Hess and scatters his ashes at sea to stop neo-Nazi pilgrimages
The grave holding the remains of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess has been destroyed in the town of Wunsiedel to stop it being used as a pilgrimage site by neo-Nazis. Hess's bones were exhumed, cremated and scattered at sea. As he requested in his will, Hess was buried in the Bavarian town of Wunsiedel, where his family had a holiday home and where his parents were already interred. A granddaughter of Hess objected to the decision, filing a lawsuit to prevent it going ahead. She was later persuaded by the parish council to drop the case and allow the exhumation to go ahead.
Joe Clifford guarded Rudolf Hess at Abergavenny, Wales
Joe Clifford, who guarded Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess during his days as a POW in Wales has passed away at 94. He guarded Hess in Surrey in 1941 and moved with him in June 1942 to Maindiff Court in Abergavenny. Clifford described how Hess reacted to news of VE Day: "Hess wasn't very happy. Hess had a very comfortable life. He used to draw and write, otherwise he was very quiet. Hess was treated as an officer. Whatever the officers had, he had the same sort of meals. He dined with the officers. For Hess it wasn't like being in a prison. Though he was mostly quiet, Hess had a tendency to rant: Now and again he'd rave and shout and stamp his feet and on one occasion he stabbed himself."
Notebook by Hess's adjutant Karlheinz Pintsch, written under Russian torture, claims Hess's flight to the UK was backed by Hitler
A 28-page notebook written by Major Karlheinz Pintsch, a long-time adjutant to Rudolf Hess, claims that Hess's flight to Britain was backed by Hitler. Hess's task – 5 weeks before the Third Reich launched its invasion of Russia – was to "bring about, if not a military alliance of Germany with England against Russia, then to bring about a neutralization of England". The fact that Pintsch - like all the other persons close to the high ranking Nazis - was severely tortured for years during his postwar imprisonment in the Soviet Union makes this document, written in 1948, unreliable. Pintsch was never able to hold a knife or fork again because his hands were so badly broken during his torture.
Rudolf Hess: The enduring mystery of Hitler's deputy's flight to Scotland
Hitler's Deputy Rudolf Hess parachuted into a Scottish field 70 years ago. He was arrested by pitchfork wielding ploughman David McLean on Floor's Farm near Eaglesham, south of Glasgow, in what was to become one of the strangest cases of World War 2. Ever since, mystery has surrounded the Nazi leader's trip. Conspiracy theories have raged about exactly what Hess was doing in Scotland at the height of the war and why official records of the case are under seal until 2017.
"Rudolf Hess: The British Illusion of Peace" claims MI6 agent lured Hess to fly to Britain
It's one of of the unsolved WWII mysteries - why did Rudolf Hess flew to Britain? A new book claims MI6 agent Tancred Borenius tricked Hess to fly to Britain. Author John Harris has spent decades researching the book and the actions of British agents. The disclosure came after Harris had an interview with Borenius' son Peter, who said that his father revealed his part in the Hess case on his deathbed. He said his father was sent by MI6 to Geneva to deliver a secret message - a verbal invite to visit the English Royal Family on the pretext of an Anglo-Nazi alliance - to Hess via a third party.
Landscape painting by Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess to be auctioned in Lincoln
A painting by deputy Führer Rudolf Hess is to be sold at auction in Lincolnshire. The landscape was given to Roland Davis, a RAF rear gunner, who after the Second World War guarded Hess in Spandau prison in Berlin befriending Hess in the process. The painting, signed by Hess, is thought to show a Bavarian scene from the Nazi official's childhood. The painting is being sold by Davis' son Peter, along with other WWII memorabilia from his father. Other items in the collection - which will be sold as a single lot - include a helmet, gas mask, flight records and military medals.
Rudolf Hess: The British Illusion of Peace - Book claims MI6 lured Hess to Scotland in 1941
"Rudolf Hess: The British Illusion of Peace" details the people and events in the months leading up to the May 1941 flight into Scotland - revealing the rationale behind Hess thinking he would meet the King, who would then dismiss the Churchillian government. As it became clear that Luftwaffe had lost the Battle of Britain, Hess wrote to the Duke of Hamilton on 23rd September 1940 - this letter was intercepted by MI6. MI6 then sent Finnish Art Historian Tancred Borenius to Geneva in 1941 to negotiate, using Carl Jacob Burckhardt, the Head of the International Red Cross as mediator. http://rudolfhessbook.com/
Farewell to Spandau by Tony Le Tissier (book review)
In "Farewell to Spandau" the last British Governor of Spandau Allied Prison puts the record straight about the last years of Rudolf Hess, and his suicide while in Allied custody. Lt. Col. Le Tissier authentically counters the many allegations and conspiracy theories, like that the prisoner was an imposter, that he was kept in isolation, and that he was murdered. Hess had access to TV, but was not allowed to see any programs dealing with the Second World War or of course with himself. Great care was taken to provide him with suitable clothes, comfortable chairs, a record player and even a film projector so he could see home movies of his grandchildren.
Adolf Hitler's Nazi deputy Rudolf Hess memorabilia on sale
A prescription for a sleeping drug given to Rudolf Hess when he was a prisoner in the Tower of London is to be auctioned off. The prescription was made by pharmacist H A Rowe who dispensed the potassium bromide and choral hydrate dose "with flavouring" to Hess in 1941. It refers to "Herr Rudolph Hess, Deputy Fuhrer, Luftwaffe" who had flown to Britain in a solo attempt to negotiate a peace treaty. The prescription also includes a prescription for a sedative for the last person to be executed in the Tower - Nazi spy Josef Jakobs. The historic documents will go under the hammer at Elreds Auctioneers in Plymouth, Devon.
Artificial silk rope from Rudolf Hess's parachute?
Deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess parachuted into a field near Eaglesham, outside Glasgow, on May 10, 1941, the prototype Me 110D fighter-bomber he had flown from Third Reich crashing nearby. He was caught and questioned in a nearby Scout hut, while his wrecked aircraft was raided by relic hunters. But what happened to his parachute? Daphne Harkness has a foot-long length of white, artificial silk rope. It came from her husband's younger brother, who served in local Home Guard and kept watch over Hess's crashed plane. She is desperate to prove the story that the rope came from the crash site.
Germany's postal system unwittingly printed a set of Rudolf Hess stamps
Germany's national postal system, Deutsche Post, unwittingly printed a set of stamps featuring a picture of Rudolf Hess. Neo-Nazis used a customized postage stamp service to issue 20 stamps featuring Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy. Hess committed suicide in Berlin while serving a life sentence in Spandau prison. He is a hero to neo-Nazis, who often march on the anniversary of his death. The Post staff did not notice they had been deceived into issuing the stamps. "It was a slip-up. Earlier this year, the company intercepted a request to have stamps printed featuring Hitler as a small child," said Dirk Klasen.
In search of Rudolf Hess`s Iron Cross medal (Article no longer available from the original source)
On May 10, 1941, Rudolf Hess flew alone to Britain and landed in Scotland, creating a mystery that's still debated. The Nazis were embarrassed and disowned Hess. The British deemed him insane and locked him up. Crazy or not, Hess was a brave man. Serving as an infantryman in World War I, he`d won Germany`s highest award for heroism, the Iron Cross (second class). And that`s where Walter Campbell, a quartermaster sergeant with the Royal Canadian Artillery during World War II, comes into the picture. He was in Scotland at the time and went to the crash site, looking for a souvenir.
Rudolph Hess plane wing part to be sold
The fighter bomber crashed in Scotland in May 1941 and Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, was caught and jailed - and spent the rest of his life in detention, dying in Spandau Prison in 1987. Mullock's auctioneers will sell a small piece of fixing from the plane's wing on 18 December. The guide price for the historic item retrieved from the crash scene near Eaglesham is £400-£500. The journey of Hess to Britain has long been the subject of conspiracy theories.
Maurice Williams: When I played chess with Adolf Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess
This is the story of Rudolf Hess and Maurice Williams of the Durham Light Infantry. Charged with guarding Hess in Spandau Prison, the pair ended up playing a game of chess. "It was 1951 and our Battalion was taking up guard duty... I decided to take a tour of the prison... On my travels I came upon this guy in the prison garden. It turned out to be Rudolf Hess. ... He had a chess board and I asked him about it." Hess challenged Maurice to a game. "In the end, he beat me easily. I said to him that I only thought two moves ahead and that he must be thinking about 10 moves ahead. He laughed and said: 'Maybe a few more than that'."
Daily life of Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess made harsh by Soviet officials
The daily regime of Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess during his 2 decades as the sole prisoner in Spandau Jail was made as harsh as possible by two Soviet officials described as a "sinister Laurel and Hardy team" in declassified files of the Kew National Archives. The Soviet-nominated governor and chief warder at Spandau refused to loose the restrictions, despite appeals from the US, UK and France. Hess had spent the last 4 years of WW2 in the Tower of London after parachuting from a Messerschmitt near Edinburgh in 1941 on a secret mission to seek a peace deal with Britain - And on July 18, 1947 he was sent to Spandau Allied Military Prison with 6 other prisoners.
Wing Commander Hector MacLean: Battle of Britain, Rudolf Hess
Wing Commander Hector MacLean was one of the last members of No 602 Squadron to have taken part in the Battle of Britain, during which he was badly wounded; and so he became a fighter controller and was on duty at Ayr when Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachuted into Scotland. On May 10 1941, radar units tracked a lone aircraft. Once the duty controller MacLean was alerted to the aircraft's presence, he scrambled a Defiant night fighter of No 151 Squadron, but before it was able to intercept, the Messerschmitt Bf 110 crashed. Soon a farm worker contacted saying that the pilot had baled out and needed to deliver an important message to the Duke of Hamilton.
Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess proposed for Nobel peace prize (Article no longer available from the original source)
German authorities have charged Udo Voigt, the leader of a leading far-right political party, with inciting racial hatred after he recommended Adolf Hitler's former deputy Rudolf Hess for the Nobel peace prize. If convicted of incitement Voigt could face a jail term of up to 3 years or a fine. He made the comment in Jena as he marked the 20th anniversary of the death of Rudolf Hess. Members of the NPD in Saxony's state provoked outrage in 2005 by walking out of a commemoration for the liberation of Auschwitz and calling the Allied air raids on Dresden in 1945 a "bombing holocaust".
Rally to mark anniversary of Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess banned
Germany’s highest court banned a far-right rally marking anniversary of the death of Adolf Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess. The Karlsruhe-based court upheld the local authorities’ decision to ban the demonstration and rejected an appeal by Juergen Rieger, a member of the right-wing NPD party who had requested permission for a rally in Wunsiedel where Hess was buried. Hess hanged himself at age 93 in Spandau Prison in Berlin on August 17, 1987, after nearly 41 years as a prisoner. Thousands of right-wing extremists marched on the anniversary of the death of Hess 2001-2004, but in 2005 stricter laws banned most right-wing rallies.
Splendid study of Spandau Prison lifts the veil on Nazi criminals
There is a bitter irony in Tales From Spandau by Norman J.W. Goda. If deputy fuhrer Rudolf Hess had been allowed at the 1946 in Nuremberg to make, as he had wanted to, the sort of Hitler-glorifying statements that he left in his papers, much of the history would have happened differently because Hess would have been executed. Albert Speer "was a liar. He lied at Nuremberg, he lied to his children, and he lied in his post-Spandau writings about his role in the Nazi state..." Speer's remorse, his pose as "the different Nazi" and his acceptance of his punishment were pretended, as a means of saving his neck, which they did.
Ireland spurned plea to back release of Rudolf Hess
The son of Adolf Hitler’s right-hand man Rudolf Hess sought the help of the Irish president to persuade the Soviets to release his father from jail in 1968, according to released state papers. Rudolf Hess, the former deputy leader of Nazi Germany’s ruling Nazi Party, was 74 and in ailing health at the time in Berlin’s Spandau Prison, according to secret files released by Ireland’s National Archives office. Hess was the only prisoner left in Spandau and had served 27 years after he was convicted of war crimes at the Nuremberg trials in 1946 for aiding and abetting preparations for World War Two.
Village to buy Nazi PoW camp where Rudolf Hess was held
Villagers are attempting to buy a Second World War POW camp where Rudolf Hess was held after he crash-landed in Scotland. Cultybraggan Camp housed some of the most notorious Nazi prisoners, including SS troops. The Comrie Development Trust has taken the first step towards mounting a right-to-buy bid on behalf of the 2,000 villagers. The complex was retained as a training camp after the war for British Army regulars, territorials and cadets.
Former governor of Spandau Prison -author of book about Hess- dies (Article no longer available from the original source)
U.S. Army colonel Eugene K. Bird, who shocked Allied authorities by writing a book clandestinely about Rudolf Hess, then the sole inmate of Spandau Prison, has died in Berlin. Bird, who authored "The Loneliest Man In The World" in 1972, when he was governor of the prison admitted he had consulted Hess secretly in his prison cell while working on the text. Hess told Bird: "I would travel the same route and end up here in Spandau. My sincere desire from the beginning was to bring Germany back to the old heights which it had attained before the First World War - before the Versailles Diktat, which was wrong."
MI5 uncovered a secret Polish plot to kill Rudolf Hess
MI5 uncovered a secret Polish plot to assassinate Rudolf Hess after his landing by parachute in Scotland during the Second World War. The arrival of Adolf Hitler’s deputy in 1941 raised the question of whether British intelligence or members of the aristocracy were trying to broker a secret peace deal with the Nazi Germany. Although such theories later proved unfounded, some Polish soldiers feared Hess’s arrival showed their country was being sold. A group of Polish plotters were determined to prevent a deal between Britain and Nazi Germany, according to the diaries of Guy Liddell, the director of MI5 counter-espionage during the war.
Wartime diary solves mystery of Hess's secret flight
A brief entry in the diary of the wife of a British spy has led to the discovery of the true story behind one of the greatest mysteries of WWII - the bizarre flight to Britain in 1941 of Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess. No single incident in Britain's wartime history has given birth to so many conspiracy theories, all of them centred on an alleged plot by the intelligence services to lure Hess to Britain.
Rudolf Hess Speeches
Rudolf Hess was one of the first people to join the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). In November, 1923, Hess took part in the Beer Hall Putsch. He was arrested and sentenced to 18 months in prison. While in Landsberg Hess acted as Adolf Hitler's secretary to type Mein Kampf. --- Electing Adolf Hitler Führer, 8/4/1934: "National Socialists! Fellow German citizens! I have rarely given a speech as difficult as this one. It is a challenge to attempt to prove the good of something as obvious as Hitler's assumption of Hindenburg's position. For fourteen years I have been convinced that he is the only man able to master Germany's fate."
1987: Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess found dead
Rudolf Hess, who was Adolf Hilter's right-hand man at the start of World War II, has been found dead. The body of Hess, 93, was found in the grounds of Spandau Prison in west Berlin, where he had been held since his conviction in 1946 at the Nuremberg war crimes trial. There are reports that he may have committed suicide. For more than 20 years Hess was the only inmate at the prison. The Soviet Union would not agree to Hess being released. They argued that as one of the most senior figures in the Nazi regime he should have been executed. Rudolf Hess was among the first to join the Nazi party in 1920.
Wolf Rüdiger Hess - Son of Rudolf Hess
An outspoken critic of the investigation of his father's 1987 death, he maintained to his dying day that the British SAS murdered his father to prevent his parole. Unlike the children of many other important Nazis, Wolf Hess was an unapologetic Nazi and fervent believer in Adolf Hitler. His father's long (solitary) imprisonment deeply embittered him, and he was further angered by what he thought was a cover-up. He left behind a widow (Andrea Hess) and a son (Wolf Andreas Hess).