Lyudmila Pavlichenko: Meet the world's deadliest female sniper who terrorized Hitler's Nazi army
In early 1941, Lyudmila Pavlichenko was studying history at Kiev University, but within a year, she had become one of the best snipers of all time, credited with 309 confirmed kills, 36 of which were German snipers. On June 22, 1941 German troops poured into the Soviet Union. Pavlichenko rushed to join the Soviet army and defend her homeland, but she was denied entry into the army due to gender. She looked like a model, with well-manicured nails, fashionable clothes, and hairstyle. Pavlichenko told the recruiter that she wanted to carry a rifle and fight. The man just laughed and asked her if she knew anything about rifles. Even after Pavlichenko presented her marksman certificate and a sharpshooter badge officials still urged her to work as a nurse. "They wouldn`t take girls in the army, so I had to resort to all kinds of tricks to get in."
Resources to teach Victory in Europe (VE) Day
Guardian offers a list of resources about Victory in Europe (VE) Day.
Preparing for Victory Day (photographs)
In photos: Preparing for the 65th Victory Day.
British WW2 veterans criticise lack of enthusiasm to mark the 65th anniversary of V-E Day
The 65th anniversary of V-E Day is close and with many World War II veterans now in their late 80s or 90s, they suggested that a special effort should have been made for what may be the last major anniversary for many. The government was, however, unable to say whether it would be organising anything more than the usual events. In Europe, by contrast, thousands of Canadian students, teachers, and veterans will travel to Holland to take part in a ceremony which will be followed by a week of Dutch commemorative events.
Memorial Day photographs
Memorial Day photographs.
10 things you might not know about the Second World War
As we mark Memorial Day and the 65th anniversary of the Normandy invasion, let's look back on a war that inspired amazing facts and personal bravery. --- (3) According to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, the biggest disagreement with Winston Churchill was over two dentist chairs delivered to Normandy after D-Day. Churchill thought the delivery was airheaded; Monty thought that a soldier with a toothache could not fight effectively. (5) The German 6th Army, encircled at Stalingrad, was starving and freezing in the winter of 1942-1943. But an airlift was disorganized: Thousands of right shoes arrived, without left shoes. 4 tons of spices were transported.
Marking Victory Day, the end of WW2, deep in the heart of Russia
Every May 9th in Russia is Victory Day, the celebration of defeating Nazi Germany in what Russians refer to as The Great Patriotic War. The day also serves as a memorial to the 20 million Soviet soldiers and civilians who died. May 9th serves as the day of anniversary since it was during the night of May 8-9, 1945 that the Nazi military ceded to the Soviet Union in Berlin. The date is a few weeks earlier than the signing of the official German surrender in June 1945 which western countries mark as V-E Day. Victory Day is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, including a major military parade through Red Square.
VE Day souvenirs, memorabilia can be worth a fortune
It was the shortest of headlines, but today it's worth 200 pounds. The Daily Mirror on May 8, 1945 shouted "VE-DAY!" - and if you still have the paper, you're sitting on a nice profit. 60 years ago the guns fell silent in Europe as the Second World War ended - and now the VE Day collectibles market is booming. The Times's VE Day edition is worth only 100 pounds because back in 1945 the paper had ads on the front page. The day before, the Mirror headline read "Germany Offers Surrender To Soviet, Britain And US". That now sells for 75 pounds and a Daily Mirror from May 2 ("Hitler Dead") should bring in the same.
In pictures: Japan's 63rd World War II Anniversary
In photographs - the 63rd anniversary of the end of Second World War in Japan.
What is Memorial Day about again?
Unless you count the war coverage in the media, I don't have much of a connection to the military or to the Memorial Day. The closest thing are memories of Grandpa showing off the muscles he made carrying a bazooka around Nazi Germany and telling the story of a Nazi luger he "came across." My old haunt of Maplewood has set up 2 events for Memorial Day: a large march with veterans and a rubber duck race, which gets more attention year after year. Senator Daniel Inouye has been trying, for two decades, to tie Memorial Day to May 30, because he feels that tying the day to a weekend opens it up to consumerism.
Russia's Victory-Day parade in pictures
Battle tanks and other military hardware have been moved through Moscow's Red Square in the Victory Day parade for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union, see the photographs.
Historian Norman Stone ponders war, peace as Victory Day marked
Norman Stone: I think in a funny sort of way the World War II turned the Soviet Union into a superpower, in that quite possibly without the war the thing would have collapsed. It was in a terrible state in 1941, and if it hadn't been for the way the Nazis behaved, who knows what would have happened. Being forced to move all that industry off to Kazakhstan and places like that forced them to rethink what they were doing and gave them a patriotic mission to do. With the effect that it did in a way turn them into a superpower and postponed the collapse. I wouldn't call Stalin a military genius...
Eastern Front - The main front of World War II
The approaching Victory Day raises quarrels about the bloodiest war in human history. One of the issues is the sides' relative contribution to victory in the European theatre. After the Allied landing in Normandy in 1944, they had 200,000 officers and men in Operation Cobra in July, the strength of the facing German troops was about the same. In the meantime, the Soviet Union started Operation Bagration with over 2.3 million officers and men against a 800,000-strong German force. Total Soviet losses in this operation were 765,000 officers and men, and German losses were over 400,000.
Tanks in Town - An annual assembly of World War II tanks in Mons
Belgium: The 9th annual "Tanks in Town" assembly of World War II tanks in Mons will draw more than just the heavy armor. There will be the re-enactors, period military vehicles, parades and thousands of onlookers for the Aug. 25-26 event. The gathering commemorates the Sept. 2, 1944, liberation of Mons by the 1st Infantry Division and 3rd Armored Division. The Battle led to the defeat of 30,000 German soldiers. The Mons gathering ends on the afternoon of Aug. 26 with a 2-prong parade, one consisting of battle tanks and the other World War II vehicles, like transport trucks to motorcycles.
The Nazis Surrender - the end of World War II in Europe
May 7, 1945, Alfred Jodl, Chief-of-Staff of the German High Command, signed the unconditional surrender of Nazi German Forces. The next day, officially celebrated as Victory in Europe Day or V-E Day, was marked with widespread celebration. General Dwight Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces Europe, gave Victory Order of the Day: "Men and Women of the Allied Expeditionary Force: The crusade on which we embarked in the early summer of 1944 has reached its glorious conclusion. It is my especial privilege, in the name of all nations represented in this Theater of War, to commend each of you for the valiant performance of duty..."
Italy’s National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe
According to the ultra-right version of history, Marshal Tito’s Yugoslav Stalinist regime was responsible for the mass murder of 20,000 innocent Italians who were captured, killed and thrown into the foibe in 1943 and 1945. During WWII, after the devastating bombing of Belgrade by the German Luftwaffe, the Italian military, alongside the armed forces of fascist Germany invaded Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia then became the theater of some of the most horrific war crimes ever committed, for which hardly any Italian officials were ever held accountable, thanks in part to the Vatican’s protection.